Lighthouses of China: Zhànjiāng, Guǎngdōng

The Chinese province of Guǎngdōng (formerly spelled Kwangtung) is located on the southern coast of the country, facing the South China Sea. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. The city of Zhànjiāng is a major port near the south end of the province. This page describes lighthouses of the Zhànjiāng area, including the northern half of Zhànjiāng Prefecture. There's another page for lighthouses of the Léizhōu Peninsula, the southern half of Zhànjiāng Prefecture.

The seaport of Zhànjiāng was leased to France as a colony called Guǎngzhōuwān (officially Kouang-Tchéou-Wan and also spelled Kwangchowan) from 1898 until it was captured by Japanese troops in 1943. Kwangchowan was returned to Chinese control in 1946.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. The lights on this page are maintained by the Zhànjiāng MSA office, which is included in the Guǎngzhōu Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Naozhou Light
Náozhōu Light, Tiānyá
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo

Wúchuān City Lighthouses
* Hǎishāpō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located just off the beach at Hǎishāpō ("Ocean Beach") about 25 km (15 mi) east of Wúchuān. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty P3403.25.
* Jízhào
2010. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); quick-flashing white light. 20 m (66 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Jízhào is a very popular beach resort. Located just off the beach on a point of land about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of central Wúchuān. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty P3403.15.
Bómào Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater on the east side of the entrance to Wúchuān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3402.
* Wúyángzhèn
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located just off the beach at Wúyángzhèn about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Wúchuān. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty P3401.5.

Pōtóu District: Nánsāndǎo (Nánsān Island) Area Lighthouses
Note: Nánsān is a large island east of Zhànjiāng, forming the north side of Zhànjiāng Bay. The island is governed as part of Pōtóu District of Zhànjiāng City.
Líjián Mén
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 26 m (85 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This light stands on the south side of the entrance to the Jián River and the north side of the entrance to the Nánsān Channel, which separates Nánsān Island from the mainland. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3370; NGA 20013.
Nánsān Dǎo East Range Front (3)
1990 (station established 1918). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); three white flashes every 4 s. 19 m (62 ft) hexagonal concrete tower. Lighthouse painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This is the main harbor entrance range for Zhànjiāng. Located at the southeastern tip of Nánsān Island, marking the north side of the entrance to Zhànjiāng harbor. Site status unknown. CN-4721; Admiralty P3374; NGA 20024.
Nánsān Dǎo East Range Rear (3)
1990 (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); continuous white light. 16 m (52 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 1100 m (2/3 mi) west northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-4722; Admiralty P3374.1; NGA 20028.
Nánsān Dǎo West Range Rear (2)
Date unknown (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous light, white, red or green depending on direction. 32 m (105 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with a conical base and a large observation and control structure near the top. Lighthouse painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This range guides ships departing Zhànjiāng harbor. Located near the southern tip of Nánsān Island. Site status unknown. CN-4724; Admiralty P3378.1; NGA 20036.
Nánsǎn Dǎo West Range Front (2)
1990 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 23 m (75 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near the southern tip of Nánsān Island, 800 m (1/2 mi) west northwest of the rear light. Site status unknown. CN-4723; Admiralty P3378; NGA 20032.

Pōtóu District: Zhànjiāng Estuary East Bank Lighthouses
Note: The city of Zhànjiāng is built along an estuary that opens out below the city to form a broad bay called Zhànjiāng Hǎiwān or Zhànjiāng Bay. In late 2006 the spectacular Zhànjiāng Hǎiwān Bridge opened across the estuary just above the city center. Navigation of the Zhànjiāng estuary is aided by a series of range lights, but rapid waterfront development has forced frequent replacement of these lights. A number of substantial and interesting lighthoues have been lost as a result.
Máxié Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); continuous red light. 13 m (43 ft) white masonry tower with gallery. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of the Máxié District, on the east side of the estuary opposite downtown Zhànjiāng. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3382; NGA 20076.
Máxié Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); continuous red light. 18 m (59 ft) white masonry tower with gallery. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located beside a street 160 m (0.1 mi) northeast of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3382.1; NGA 20080.
* Mòyānlóu Range Front (2)
1988 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous red light. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The range guides vessels up the estuary toward the city of Zhànjiāng. The lighthouses appear to be in park areas, accessible by paved walkways. Located on the east side of the harbor in the Pōtóu District, about 1.5 km (2.5 mi) south of the Zhànjiāng Haiwan Bridge. Site open, tower closed. CN-4763; Admiralty P3382.3; NGA 20082.
* Mòyānlóu Range Rear (2)
1990 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); continuous red light. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical white concrete tower with 4 ribs, lantern and gallery, painted with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 460 m (0.29 mi) north northeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. CN-4764; Admiralty P3382.31; NGA 20082.1.

Chìkǎn District (North Zhànjiāng City) Lighthouse
Jiālóng Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at Jiālóng on the west bank of the Zhànjiāng estuary about 8 km (5 mi) north of the city center. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3382.44.

Xiáshān District (Central Zhànjiāng City) Lighthouse
Diàoshùn (Tiaoshun) Dǎo Pier Basin Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous green light. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) white brick (?) tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront on the west side of the estuary about 3 km (2 mi) north of the Zhànjiāng Haiwan Bridge. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3382.425; NGA 20083.2.
Diàoshùn (Tiaoshun) Dǎo Pier Basin Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); continuous green light. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) white brick (?) tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located in trees 440 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3382.426; NGA 20083.3.
* Diàoshùn (Tiaoshun) Dǎo Range Front (4)
2016 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off, synchronized with the rear light. Light mounted on a 5-story building. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This light replaced a 13 m (43 ft) square concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line; as of 2018 that light was still described by NGA and seen in Bing's satellite view. The range guides vessels up the estuary beyond the city of Zhànjiāng. Located on a point of land at a bend in the estuary about 3 km (2 mi) northwest of the Zhànjiāng Haiwan Bridge. The area appears to be accessible and may be a public park. Site open, tower closed. CN-4769; Admiralty P3382.421; NGA 20084.
* Diàoshùn (Tiaoshun) Dǎo Range Rear (3)
2010 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off, synchronized with the front light. 23 m (75 ft) square concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The second (1991) lighthouse, 16 m (52 ft) tall, was very similar to the Xiáhǎi Range Rear Light pictured at right. Located about 275 m (300 yd) northwest of the front light. Site open, tower closed. CN-4770; Admiralty P3382.422; NGA 20084.1.
#Xiáhǎi Range Front (3)
Date unknown. Apparently removed in late 2013. This was a 23 m (75 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. This light is still described by NGA as of 2018. The previous front light was on an 8 m (26 ft) square concrete tower with gallery.
Xiáhǎi Range Front (4)
2013(?). Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous red light. Light mounted on a building. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the location. Site open. CN-4767; Admiralty P3382.4; NGA 20083.
#Xiáhǎi Range Rear (3)
Date unknown. Apparently removed in late 2013. This was a 30 m (98 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Formerly located on the riverfront about 400 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the Zhànjiāng Haiwan Bridge.
Xiáhǎi Range Rear (4)
2013(?). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); continuous green light. Light mounted on a building. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the location. Site open. CN-4768; Admiralty P3382.41; NGA 20083.1.
* Xiáhǎi Range Rear (2)
1989 (station established 1970). Inactive. 16.5 m (54 ft) round strongly conical concrete tower with double gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. MSA's photo is at right, a page for Zhànjiāng lighthouses has a larger version, and Google has a satellite view. This range guides vessels southbound (downstream) toward Zhànjiāng. Located in Cunjin Bridge Park on the west side of the estuary just north of the Zhànjiāng Haiwan Bridge. Site open, tower closed.
Xiahai Light
1989 Xiáhǎi Range Rear Light, Zhànjiāng
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo
Zhànjiāng Gǎng (Zhànjiāng Basin) Range Front
2006. Inactive since 2016. 15 m (49 ft) rectangular cylindrical concrete tower. The tower is unpainted gray concrete with a black vertical stripe topped by a triangular daymark. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located in the main Zhànjiāng port area. Site and tower closed. ex-Admiralty P3383; ex-NGA 20068.
Zhànjiāng Gǎng (Zhànjiāng Basin) Range Rear
2006. Inactive since 2016. 17 m (56 ft) rectangular cylindrical concrete tower. The tower is unpainted gray concrete with a black vertical stripe topped by a triangular daymark. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located 150 m (165 ft) northwest of the front light. Site and tower closed. ex-Admiralty P3383.1; ex-NGA 20072.
Shítoujiǎo Range Front (3)
2010 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, synchronized with the rear light. 29 m (95 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, painted white with a blue vertical stripe on the range line and a large blue and white triangular daymark, point up. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Originally located on a point of land at the south end of the commercial harbor area, although fill has now extended the land in this area. Site status unknown. CN-4742; Admiralty P3379; NGA 20056.
Shítoujiǎo Range Rear (3)
2010 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, synchronized with the front light. 42 m (138 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, painted white with a blue vertical stripe on the range line and a large blue and white triangular daymark, point down. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located 540 m (1/3 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-4743; Admiralty P3379.1; NGA 20060.

Mázhāng District: Dōnghǎi Island Lighthouses
Note: Dōnghǎi is a large island southeast of Zhànjiāng; it forms the south side of Zhànjiāng Bay and the north side of Léizhōu Bay.
Dōngtóushān Dǎo Range Front (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1915). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This range guides vessels southbound as they leave the inner harbor of Zhànjiāng. Dōngtóushān is a small island off the north shore of Dōnghǎi Island. Located on the northern point of the island. Site status unknown. CN-4738; Admiralty P3381; NGA 20048.
Shitoujiao Light
Shítoujiǎo Range Lights, Zhànjiāng
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo
Dōngtóushān Dǎo Range Rear (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1915). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); green flash every 1.5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a low hill 250 m (275 yd) south of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-4739; Admiralty P3381.1; NGA 20052.
#Dōnghǎi Dǎo Range Front (2)
1990 (station established 1956). Deactivated and removed in 2014. This was a 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery and three widespread braces at the base. Lighthouse painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available and Google's satellite view no longer shows the light. This range guided vessels leaving Zhànjiāng harbor; there is new construction in the area and the lights have been removed. Located on a steep bluff at the south end of the harbor, on the north shore of Dōnghǎi Island. Site status unknown. ex-CN-4731; ex-Admiralty P3380; ex-NGA 20040.
#Dōnghǎi Dǎo Range Rear (2)
1990 (station established 1956). Deactivated and removed in 2014. This was a 16 m (52 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available and Google's satellite view no longer shows the light Located on an artificial pyramidal mound 480 m (0.3 mi) southeast of the front light. Site status unknown. ex-CN-4732; ex-Admiralty P3380.1; ex-NGA 20044.
Lightfloat Dōnghǎi Dǎo
2007. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Steel lightfloat, painted red. The light is shown from a square skeletal tower mounted on a 1-story superstructure amidships. An MSA photo is at right and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) east of the northeastern point of Dōnghǎi. Accessible only by boat. Site open, vessel closed. Admiralty P3375; NGA 20029.
Longteng Hangdao (Bēngtángjiǎo Range Front)
2007. Active (?); focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white, red or green light depending on direction, 2 s on, 2 s off. 44 m (144 ft) round concrete tower mounted on a robust pier. The lighthouse is white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This was a main approach range for Zhànjiāng. Probably endangered, this lighthouse is standing in the surf. The rear light was removed in 2014 and this light was converted to a directional (leading) light at that time. Located just off the beach at Cape Bēngtáng, the south side of the entrance to Zhànjiāng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3372.1; NGA112-20014.
#Bēngtángjiǎo Range Rear
2007. Removed in 2014. 59 m (194 ft) round white concrete tower with a large round observation structure below the light; the tower also has a red vertical stripe on the range line. Bing has a satellite view but Google's satellite view confirms the disappearance of the lighthouse. Located on a low hill 1.48 km (0.92 mi) west of the front light. Site status unknown. ex-Admiralty P3372.11; ex-NGA112-20015.
Donghai Dao Lightfloat
Dōnghǎi Dǎo Lightfloat, Zhànjiāng
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo
Lóngshuǐ Lǐng (Lóngshuǐlǐng) Range Rear (2)
1989 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 63 m (207 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 13.5 m (44 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a good satellite view. This is an approach range for Zhànjiāng. Located on a hilltop on the east coast of the island of Dōnghǎi, about 25 km (15 mi) southeast of Zhànjiāng. Site status unknown. CN-4718; Admiralty P3368.1; NGA 20020.
* Lóngshuǐ Lǐng (Lóngshuǐlǐng) Range Front (2)
1989 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); continuous white light. 17 m (56 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near the coast, 1088 m (2/3 mi) southeast of the rear light. Site open, tower closed. CN-4717; Admiralty P3368; NGA 20016.

Mázhāng District: Náozhōu Island Lighthouses
Note: Náozhōu is an island about 8 km (5 mi) in diameter on the north side of the entrance to Léizhōu Bay.
Léigòng Lǐng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; quick-flashing white light. 8 m (26 ft) white stone tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory near the northwest tip of Náozhōu. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3359.9; NGA 20012.06.
Lightship Zhànjiāng Gǎng
Date unknown (2007?). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. Lightship, hull painted red. No photo available and the ship is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located about 3.5 km (2.25 mi) east of the northeastern point of Náozhōu. Accessible only by boat. Site open, vessel closed. Admiralty P3361; NGA 20102.
Náozhōu Dòulóng South Range Front (3)
1989 (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This range is called the south range because it is aligned from north to south. The original light was the front light for a range aligned with the Náozhōu lighthouse. Located near the northeastern point of the island of Náozhōu. Site status unknown. CN-4709.1; Admiralty P3360.4; NGA 20010.
Náozhōu Dòulóng West Range Front (2)
1989 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); continuous white light. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower rising from a square concrete base. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. NGA calls this range the Doulong North Range; it's at the north end of Náozhōu but is aligned to the west. Located near the northeastern point of the island of Náozhōu. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-049; CN-4709; Admiralty P3360; NGA 20004.
Náozhōu Dòulóng West Range Rear (2)
1989 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 28 m (92 ft) round strongly conical concrete tower with double gallery. Lighthouse painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 200 m (220 yd) due west of the front light. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-048; CN-4708; Admiralty P3360.1; NGA 20008.
Náozhōu Dòulóng South Range Rear (2)
1989 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); quick white flash every 1 s. 16 m (52 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a black vertical bar on the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 1.75 km (1.1 mi) south of the front light. CN-4710; Admiralty P3360.41; NGA 20012.
*** Náozhōu Dǎo (Nao Chou, Nao-Tchéou) (2)
1904 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 103 m (338 ft); white flash every 5 s. 19 m (62 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a square 1-story stone base. The tower is unpainted stone; lantern painted white. This is a staffed station. An MSA photo is at the top of this page, the City of Tiānyá has a good photo (3/4 the way down the page), Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a satellite view. This historic lighthouse was built as the landfall light for the French colony of Guǎngzhōuwan (Kwangchowan); according to MSA it replaced an older stone tower. Today it is a well-known tourist attraction of the Zhànjiāng area. Located on heights on the southeast side of the island. Site open, tower status unknown. CN-4700; Admiralty P3359; NGA 20000.
Nánjiǎowèi (South Cape Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); quick-flashing white light. 11 m (36 ft) concrete tower painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Náozhōu. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3359.3; NGA 20012.9.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Central Guǎngdōng | South: Léizhōu Peninsula

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted December 17, 2008. Checked and revised November 13, 2018. Lighthouses: 42; lightships: 2. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.