Lighthouses of Indonesia: Madura

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. Unfortunately, we have no idea how many of these aids can be considered lighthouses. Information about them is scarce, and photos are even scarcer. Official light lists contain dozens of entries for "framework towers" and "white beacons," providing little guidance for the lighthouse fan.

Madura is a large island off the northeastern coast of Java. The island, roughly 130 km (80 mi) long east to west and up to 35 km (22 mi) wide, is separated from Java by the Madura Strait. At its western end, the strait is quite narrow and is crossed by the 5.4 km (3.4 mi) long Suramadu Bridge. On the south side of Madura, however, the strait is a broad sound up to 80 km (50 mi) wide. Madura has a population of roughly 4 million.

Madura is included as part of East Java (Jawa Timur) Province. The island is divided into four regencies. Sumenep Regency, locared at the east end of Madura, includes the outlying Masalembu, Sapudi, and Kangean Islands.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor.

The original Dutch names of historic lighthouses, if known, are shown in curly brackets {}.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Leuchttürme in Indonesien
Photos posted by Andreas Köhler.
Lighthouses in Indonesia
Wikimedia photos, including a collection of historic photos from the collection of the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Asiens, Australiens, und Ozeaniens auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
Pulau Sapudi Light
Pulau Sapudi Light, Sapudi Islands, April 2011
photo copyright Futuristic Sumenep; permission requested

Bangkalan Regency (Western Madura) Lighthouses

Kessek
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a wooded slope on the southwest side of Kessek, the northern terminus of the Suramadu Bridge. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1170; NGA 23668.
Tanjungan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); yellow flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted yellow and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 600 m (3/8 mi) off Tanjungan, at the narrowest passage of the Madura Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1160; NGA 23627.
*** Sembilangan (Ujung Slempit) (Madura Entrance Range Rear) (2)
1882. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft: two white flashes every 10 s. 50 m (164 ft) 12(?)-sided cast iron tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Lawrence Eka's photo is at right, Haryono Cokro has a 2008 photo, the Tropenmusuem has a historic photo, and Google has a closeup street view and a good satellite view. A portfolio of 2010 photos shows evidence of recent restoration work. Located on Semibilangan island off the extreme western tip of Madura, this is both a landfall light and the rear light of a range guiding ships into the channel between Madura and Java to approach the port of Surabaya. Accessible by road from Bangkalan, Madura. Site open, tower open although we do not know the schedule. ARLHS IDO-079; Admiralty Q1158.2; NGA 23624.
Tanjung Piring (Madura Entrance Range Middle)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The listed focal plane seems to be too low. Located on the low cape on the east side of the northern entrance to Madura Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1158.1; NGA 23620.
Madura Entrance Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) square concrete tower mounted on a square concrete platform. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. The Sembilangan lighthouse is the rear light of this range. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located 5.1 km (3.2 mi) north northeast of Tanjung Piring. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1158; NGA 23616.
Pulau Karang Djamuang (Jamuang) (1)
1971. Inactive since about 2011. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) tapered square skeletal tower. Ariedwisoebekto Kariman has a photo in which this older lighthouse can be seen behind the present lighthouse. Located on a small island at the northeastern entrance to the Madura Strait about 13 km (8 mi) north of Bangkalan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown.
Pulau Karang Djamuang (Jamuang) (2)
2016 (station established 1971). Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 4 s. 40 m (131 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and double gallery, painted white. Ariedwisoebekto Kariman has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the northeastern entrance to the Madura Strait about 13 km (8 mi) north of Bangkalan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-065; Admiralty Q1157.5; NGA 23612.
Sembilangan Light
Sembilangan Light, Pernajuh, June 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Lawrence Eka; used by permission

Sumenep Regency Lighthouses

Note: The Sumenep Regency includes the eastern end of Madura and a large group of smaller islands lying to the northeast and east.
Northeast Madura Lighthouse
Batu Putih (Batuputih)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. Arif Faisal has a photo, the lighthouse is at the right edge of Kece Cahill's panoramic view, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse is on the northeastern "shoulder" of Madura, helping to guide ships around the east end of the island. Located about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of the village of Batuputih. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-092; Admiralty Q1243; NGA 23750.

Masalembu Islands Lighthouses
* Masalembu (Masalembo) Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 200 m (656 ft); three white flashes every 21.5 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bung Fadil has a view from the gallery and Google has a satellite view. Located atop the largest and southernmost of the Masalembu Islands, a small group in the middle of the Java Sea about 160 km (100 mi) northeast of Madura. Accessible only by boat. Site . ARLHS IDO-011; Admiralty Q1424; NGA 23592.
Masalembu (Masalembo) Besar Southwest
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted red and mounted on a square platform suported by four massive concrete piles. A photo by Said Masalboys is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located in an embayment on the southwest side of Pulau Masalembu. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1424.5; NGA 23593.
* Pelabuhan Masalembu (Masalembo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. Hisam Naim has a photo, but the tower is not very conspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal on the south side of Pulau Masalembu Besar. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1424.7.
Pulau Karamian (Keramian, Karamaian)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower. This is a staffed coast guard station. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view of the station. Karamian is a remote island 50 km (30 mi) north of Masalembu Besar and only 100 km (60 mi) south of the coast of Kalimantan (Borneo), but it is inhabited by about 4000 people of Maduran ethnicity. Located at the northern tip of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1426; NGA 23604.
Masalembu Besar Southwest Light
Masalembu Besar Southwest Light, Masalembu Islands, September 2010
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Said Masalboys

Sapudi Islands Lighthouses
Pulau Sapudi (Trebung, Tribung) {Pulau Sapoedi}
1887. Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); white flash every 5 s. 58 m (190 ft) octagonal skeletal cast iron tower with lantern, gallery, enclosed watch room, and central cylinder. Entire lighthouse painted white. A photo is at the top of this page, Guntur Sugiatmo has a 2017 photo, the Tropenmuseum has historic photos, and Google has a satellite view of the light station. Located at the west point of Sapudi, an island lying to the east of Madura, marking the passage between the two islands. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-091; Admiralty Q1240; NGA 23744.
Pulau Kamudi (Kemudi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) white concrete tower with gallery. A small view from the sea is available, Agus Susila has a very distant view, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. NGA lists the light as "Punta Kamudi." Located on a reef at the extreme eastern end of the Sapudi Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-093; Admiralty Q1244; NGA 23752.

Kangean Islands Lighthouses
* Pulau Mamburit
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 42 m (138 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, the tower is at far right in a distant view by Ainur Rahman, and additional photos are available (lower half of page), and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located at the north end of a small island off the east end of Pulau Kangean, the largest of the Kangean Islands, northeast of Bali. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1244.9; NGA 23762.
Ketapang Bay
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower with gallery, painted white and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in a bay at the west end of Pulau Kangean, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of Pulau Mamburit. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1245; NGA 23756.
Pulau Saibus (Saebus)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft; white flash every 6 s. Approx. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Saibus is off the southeastern tip of Pulau Paliatq and northwest of Pulau Sepanjang, on the west side of the narrow passage through the Kangean Islands. Located at the east end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1246.3; NGA 23771.
Pulau Sesiil (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft) (?); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Ahmad Mawardi has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The focal plane listed is too low. Located just off a reef at the northeastern tip of Pulau Sepanjang, marking the east side of the narrow passage through the Kangean Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1248.5; NGA 23770.
Pulau Mamburit Light
Pulau Mamburit Light, Kangean Islands, October 2010
Panoramio photo by onatali; permission requested
Pulau Sepanjang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located at the southeastern tip of Pulau Sepanjang, the second largest of the Kangean Islands. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-095; Admiralty Q1246.5; NGA 23768.
Pulau Sakala
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) tapered square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Sakala is the easternmost of the Kangean Islands and the easternmost territory of East Java Province. The island has a population of about 2500. Located at the eastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-094; Admiralty Q1247; NGA 23764.

Southeast Madura Lighthouses
Kaliangat Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous red light. 13 m (43 ft) square cylindrical white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Kaliangat is the port associated with Sumenep, the regency capital. Located at the foot of the main quay at Kaliangat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1236.1; NGA 23732.
* Tanjung Madura (Tanjung Saronggi) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) white concrete tower. Ody Anjar has a closeup photo, another photo (second photo on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a skeletal tower at this location. More information is needed about this station; according to research by Michel Forand the station was established by 1917 but the light has always been described as a skeletal tower. Located at the southeastern tip of Madura. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-162; Admiralty Q1232; NGA 23724.
Gili Genteng (1 and 2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) white tower on a platform supported by piles. No photo available. Bing's satellite view shows the original lighthouse, a square white skeletal tower. Google's more recent satellite view shows that this lighthouse has been replaced by a post on a new platform about 30 m (100 ft) west of the former platform. Gili Genteng is an inhabited island in the Madura Strait off the southeastern coast of Madura. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) off the western tip of Gili Genteng. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1230; NGA 23720.
Gili Raja
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) square tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Gili Raja is an inhabited island in the Madura Strait off the southeastern coast of Madura a few miles west of Gili Genteng. Located at the east end of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-090; Admiralty Q1228; NGA 23718.

Pamekasan Regency (Madura Strait) Lighthouses

Gili Dua
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) "white beacon" mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a reef about 15 km (9 mi) west of Gili Raja and the same distance off the south coast of Madura. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1226; NGA 23716.
Camplong East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) square skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the quay of the Pt. Garam Terminal on the east side of Camplong. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1225.5; NGA 23715.
* Camplong
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, covered by white metal panels. Detta Priyandikawardhana's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located near an oil terminal at Camplong, on the central south coast of Madura. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-089; Admiralty Q1225; NGA 23714.
Karang Koko (Madura Strait, Zwaantjes Reef) {Zwaantjes Droogte} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1871). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 13 s. 16 m (52 ft) iron tower, mounted on a round pier. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Forand has a historic photo of the original Dutch lighthouse; a Java Post article from April 2012 has additional photos and information about the lighthouses of this unusual class. Located on a dangerous reef in the Madura Strait about 25 km (15 mi) northeast of Pasuruan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-145; Admiralty Q1200; NGA 23676.
Camplong Light
Camplong Light, July 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Detta Priyandikawardhana; permission requested

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Kalimantan (Borneo) | West: Eastern Java

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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised March 31, 2018. Lighthouses: 28. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.