Lighthouses of Indonesia: South Sulawesi (Celebes)

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. This is one of three pages for lighthouses of Sulawesi (Celebes), a major island in the northern part of the country.

Shaped like an artistically drawn letter K, Sulawesi consists mostly of four narrow peninsulas. The Strait of Makassar separates Sulawesi from Kalimantan (Borneo) to the west. The Celebes Sea is north of the island, the Banda Sea is to the east and southeast, and the Flores Sea is on the south. Makassar, also called Ujung Pandang, is the major port. This page covers the South Sulawesi Province, which includes the well-populated southern peninsula and a large number of islands in the Flores Sea, Java Sea, and Strait of Makassar.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Pulau is an island and karang is a reef.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. Q
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.

Karang Takarewataya Light, Java Sea, November 2008
photo copyright Damien Loong; permission requested
Luwu Timur (East Luwu) Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Bulu Bulu (Bulu Pulu, Bulupolo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon." No photo available; Bing's satellite view suggests a white fiberglass or concrete tower. Located at the east end of Pulau Bulu Bulu, a forested island projecting into the northeastern embayment of the Gulf of Boni. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1545.6; NGA 25400.
Pulau Mori (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a white mast for this light. Located at the southern tip of a small island in the entrance to Teluk Usu, a bay at the northeastern corner of the Gulf of Boni. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1545; NGA 25404.

Palopo City Lighthouses
* Palopo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square concrete base. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located at the end of the main quay at Palopo, a city of 150,000 residents at the northwestern corner of the Gulf of Boni. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1544; NGA 25390.

Bone Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Lameriki
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white flash every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) octagonal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse faces the Gulf of Boni, the arm of the Flores Sea that separates the southern and southeastern peninsulas of Sulawesi. Located on a promontory about 45 km (28 mi) north of Macoppe. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-306; Admiralty Q1541.3; NGA 25473.
* Bajoe (Bajowe)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Bajoe is the port for Watampone, a city of 80,000 residents that is the capital of Bone Regency. Located at the ferry terminal at the end of the long pier of Bajoe. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1540.9; NGA 25470.5.
Pulau Pasitanete Light
Pulau Pasitanete Light, Selayer, May 2007
Panoramio photo copyright MACTAK; used by permission

Kepulauan Selayar (Selayer Islands) Regency Lighthouses
Note: The Selayer Islands extend south and then southeast from the southeastern tip of Sulawesi's Southern Peninsula. The islands separate the Flores Sea to the east from the Java Sea to the west.
Pulau Pasitanete (3)
Date unknown (station established 1898). Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. A photo is above right, and Google has a satellite view of the station. The original lighthouse had a focal plane height of only 45 m (148 ft), so it must have been built at a lower location. The lighthouse marks the narrow strait separating the Selayer Islands from the southern tip of Suluwesi. Located on a small island off the northern end of the much larger island of Selayar, about 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Bulukumba. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-234; Admiralty Q1536; NGA 25408.
* Pamatata
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Taufik Hidayatullah's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal at Pamatata, on the northeast coast of Pulau Selayer. Site open, tower closed.
* Benteng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square 1-story equipment shelter. Swas Harimurti has a photo, but the tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Benteng, a ferry port on the west side of Pulau Selayer. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1538.
Ujung Perumang (Tanjung Ringgi, Pulau Jampea)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) "white beacon." No photo available; Google's satellite view suggests a white fiberglass tower. Located at the southeastern tip of Pulau Jampea, a large island about 65 km (40 mi) south of Pulau Selayer. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1327.5; NGA 25662.5.

Pamatata Light, Selayer
Panoramio photo copyright Taufik Hidayatullah; used by permission
Pulau Bonerate
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located on the southwest side of Pulau Bonerate, an island in the Flores Sea near the southeastern end of the Selayer group. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1328; NGA 25663.
Bonerate
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red and mounted on a platform support by piles. Ardi Suhardi has a photo, but the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located off the pier at Bonerate harbor, on the west side of the island. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Bonerate Harbor
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a platform support by piles. Sandas Block has a distant view (the tower is seen just to the right of the yellow waterfront building), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Bonerate harbor. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Pulau Kakabia
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located near the south end of Pulau Kakabia, an uninhabited island at the extreme southeastern end of the Selayer group. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1328.5 NGA 25666.

Bulukumba Regency Lighthouses
Note: Bulukumba is a city of about 80,000 residents at the end of Sulawesi's southern peninsula.
* Bira Port (Lasa)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red and mounted on a platform support by piles. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located just off the end of the south breakwater at Bira, a ferry port at the southeastern tip of Sulawesi's southern peninsula, opposite Pulau Selayer. Accessible only by boat but easily seen from nearby. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1534.
* Bulukumba (Kalumeme)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (30 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. Heru Purwanto has a closeup photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located adjacent to the ferry terminal in Bulukumba. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1532.5; NGA 25411.
Tanjung Papanambeja (Bulukumba) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 24 m (79 ft) sqaure skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. The original tower had a height of 13 m (43 ft). Located on a promontory on the southwest side of Bulukumba. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-121; Admiralty Q1532; NGA 25412.

Bantaeng Regency Lighthouse
* Bantaeng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square concrete base supported by piles. Asrul Noer's photo is at right, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the base of a long pier at Bantaeng. Site open, tower closed. Not listed by the Admiralty.

Jeneponto Regency Lighthouses
* Jeneponto (Jene Ponto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square concrete base supported by piles. Aswin Bahar has a photo, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located near the base of a long pier at Jeneponto. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1530.
* Tanjung Bulu Bulu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located at the southern tip of the Southern Peninsula near Binamu. Accessible by road. Site probably open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1528; NGA 25414.

Java Sea Island Lighthouses
Note: These islands are scattered across the Java Sea far to the southwest of Sulawesi. They are administered as part of the Pangkajene Dan Kepulauan (Pangkajene and Islands) Regency.
Pulau Banawaja (Banawawa) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white lights every 5 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) "white beacon." No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original lighthouse had a focal plane height of 20 m (66 ft). Located on a small island on the east side of the Sabalana atoll, in the middle of the Java Sea about 150 km (90 mi) south of the southern point of Sulawesi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1325; NGA 25416.5.
Pulau Jailamu (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. NGA describes this as a 10 m (33 ft) fiberglass tower, but two very distant views (no longer online) suggest a taller, possibly skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 210 km (130 mi) south southwest of Makassar and 65 km (40 mi) northwest of Banawaja. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1325.3; NGA 25416.6.
Kaili Light
Bantaeng Light, Bantaeng, February 2009
Panoramio photo copyright Asrul Noel; permission requested
Pulau Longkoitang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 275 km (170 mi) south southwest of Makassar and 80 km (50 mi) west southwest of Pulau Jailamu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1325.5; NGA 25416.7.
Pulau Kapoposangbali (Kapoposang Bali)
1996. Active (?); focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white flash every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. In November 2016 residents were complaining that the lighthouse had been out of service for at least a year. Located on a small island of the Satengar group, far across the Java Sea, roughly 360 km (225 mi) southwest of Makassar and only 80 km (50 mi) off the north coast of Lombok in the Lesser Sunda Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-203; Admiralty Q1322; NGA 25578.
Karang Takarewataya (De Bril, Den Bril)
1887. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 10 s. 23 m (75 ft) octagonal cast iron tower with lantern and three galleries, painted with red and white horizontal stripes. Damien Loong's photo is at the top of this page, Lightphotos.net has a historic closeup photo, the Amsterdam Tropenmuseum has a 1929 distant view, and a fuzzy spot marks the lighthouse in Google's distant satellite view of the reef. This is the only survivor among several lighthouses of this class built in the Dutch Indies. Located at the south end of a reef in the Java Sea about 120 km (75 mi) south southwest of the southern point of Sulawesi. Accessible only by boat; fishing tours to the reef are available. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-009; Admiralty Q1524; NGA 25416.

Kaposang Bali Light, Pulau Kaposang
photo by Munjiyah Dirga Gazali for tribunpangkep.com; permission requested
Dewakang Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) white iron skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a small island about 105 km (65 mi) west southwest of Makassar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-125; Admiralty Q1522; NGA 25420.
Pulau Bangkauluang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Located near the south end of an uninhabited island about 20 km (13 mi) east of Dewakang Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1523; NGA 25423.

Takalar Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Tanakeke
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A closeup photo is available, and Google has a good satellite view. Pulau Tanakeke is a populated island about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Patalasang, on the southwestern tip of Sulawesi. ARLHS IDO-250; Admiralty Q1518.5; NGA 25421.
Pulau Dayangdayangan (2)
Date unknown (station established 1893). Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The original lighthouse had a focal plane height of 32 m (105 ft). Located on a small island about 50 km (30 mi) south southwest of Makassar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-196; Admiralty Q1518; NGA 25424.

Makassar City Lighthouses
Note: Makassar is the capital of South Sulawesi, by far the largest city of the island, and the fifth largest city of Indonesia; the metropolitan area has a population of about 2 million.
[Makassar Entrance South Side]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) concrete post with gallery mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The entrance to the harbor of Makassar is through a narrow opening in a fringing reef that protects the port from storms. Located on the south side of this entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1514; NGA 25448.
[Makassar Entrance North Side]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post with gallery mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of the harbor entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1513; NGA 25444.
* Makassar Quay
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 3 s. Triangular skeletal tower, painted red with a white horizontal band, mounted atop a waterfront building. Aswn Bahar has a 2016 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the south end of the main quay of Makassar harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1515; NGA 25452.
Agampencara
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted green, mounted on a square concrete base supported by piles. Rudi Hamdani has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of west breakwater of the Agampencara fishing harbor on the north side of Makassar. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1510.5; NGA 25458.
Pulau Samalona
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two green flashes every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Rendy Chandraditya Suryo has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the reef surrounding Pulau Samalona, an islet about 8 km (5 mi) west of the Makassar waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1511; NGA 25436.
Kudingareng (Kodengarang) Lompo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); four white flashes every 27 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. Arham Muhammad has a 2012 photo (first photo on the page), a small photo is available (3/4 the way down the page), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the south end of a small but densely populated island about 15 km (9 mi) west of Makassar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-023; Admiralty Q1517; NGA 25432.
Pulau Lanyukang (Lanjukang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) round white concrete tower with 8 ribs, lantern and gallery. A photo (a little over halfway down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Makassar (the outermost of a large group of small islands). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1508.5; NGA 25461.
Bone Penambungan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 20 km (13 mi) north of Makassar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1510; NGA 25460.
Pulau Kalu Kalukuang Light
Pulau Kalu Kalukuang Light, Makassar Strait, May 2009
Panoramio photo copyright Taufik Hidayatullah
used by permission

Pangkajene Dan Kepulauan (Pangkajene and Islands) Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Kalu Kalukuang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); four white flashes every 30 s. 40 m (131 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Taufik Hidayatullah's closeup photo is above right, he also has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of a small but inhabited island in the middle of the south entrance to the Makassar Strait, about 180 km (110 mi) west of Makassar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-139; Admiralty Q1442.7; NGA 24982.
Pulau Kapoposang (1)
1906. Inactive since 1957. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Andika Ferial's photo at right shows this historic Dutch lighthouse and its modern replacement, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. This important light station marks the westernmost of a large group of islands and reefs in the southeastern quadrant of the Makassar Strait. Site open, tower closed.
Pulau Kapoposang (2)
1957 (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); white flash every 5 s. 33 m (108 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted red (?). Andika Ferial's photo is at right, and S. Budiarto has a very distant photo, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. Kapoposang is a popular destination for scuba divers. Located at the west point of an island in the Makassar Strait, about 100 km (60 mi) northwest of Makassar in southwestern Sulawesi. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-022; Admiralty Q1508; NGA 25468.

Kapoposang Lights, Makassar Strait, May 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Andika Ferial; permission requested

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Western Sulawesi | East: Southeastern Sulawesi | South: Lombok and Sumbawa | West: Eastern Kalimantan

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Posted December 18, 2008. Checked and revised February 24, 2018. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.