Lighthouses of Southern Papua New Guinea

The nation of Papua New Guinea includes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. The colonial history of this area is complex. During the 1880s the southern half of the country was colonized by Britain as the Papua colony and the northern half by Germany as German New Guinea. In 1905 Britain transferred the Papua colony to the new Commonwealth of Australia. In 1914, at the start of World War I, Australian and other British Commonwealth troops quickly captured German New Guinea. After the war German New Guinea was assigned to Australia as a League of Nations mandate known as the Territory of New Guinea. In World War II much of the northern territory was occupied by Japan. After World War II the two halves of the country were united under Australian administration as the Territory of Pupua and New Guinea. The united terrirory then became independent as Papua New Guinea in 1975.

This page describes lighthouses of the southern half of the country, the former Papua Territory. There is a separate page for Northern Papua New Guinea.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. PNG numbers are from the NMSA light list. Admiralty numbers are from volume K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
National Maritime Safety Authority
The authority has a map showing the location of the major lights in the country.
Nawae Construction
Based at Alotau in Milne Bay Province, this company holds contracts to maintain and upgrade navigational aids in Papua New Guinea; its web site has a number of lighthouse photos. Special thanks to the company for its permission to reproduce several of these photo.
World of Lighthouses - Papua New Guinea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Papua New Guinea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
GPSNavigationCharts
Navigation chart information for Papua New Guinea.

Bonarua Island Light
Bonarua (Brumer) Island Light, Milne Bay Province
photo copyright Nawae Construction; used by permission

New Guinea North Coast Lighthouses

Oro (Northern) Province Lighthouses
Cape Ward Hunt
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (28 ft) skeletal tower (?) painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The lighthouse appears more substantial than its description. Located on a prominent cape about 70 km (43 mi) southeast of Morobe. Site status unknown. PNG-034; Admiralty K3422; NGA 112-26213.1.
Oro Bay Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 101 m (331 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a hill behind Eroro. Site status unknown. PNG-037; Admiralty K3424; NGA 112-26220.
Oro Bay Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 133 m (436 ft); white flash every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located 244 m (800 ft) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. PNG-038; Admiralty K3424.1; NGA 112-26224.
Spear Island (Spear Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Craig Robbins's view from the sea is at right, Jan Hasselberg has an aerial photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Spear Island, a prominent cape on the north side of the Cape Nelson peninsula near the southeastern end of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-039; Admiralty K3426; NGA 112-26228.
Kanawetu (Hall) Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 3 m (10 ft) white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the extreme tip of the Cape Nelson peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-040; Admiralty K3428; NGA 112-26232.
Spear Point Light
Spear Point Light, Oro Province, March 2009
Panoramio photo (no longer online) copyright Craig Robbins; used by permission
[Tufi Harbour Range Front]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white light, 2 s on, 1 s off. Despite its name this is not a harbor entrance range. It consists of a 35 m (115 ft) white concrete daymark stretching up the side of a hill with a light with a small fiberglass cabinet at the top. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. The range guides vessels through reefs off the north coast of New Guinea's southeastern cape. Located on a promontory east of Tufi. Site status unknown. PNG-045; Admiralty K3430; NGA 112-26236.
[Tufi Harbour Range Rear]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 122 m (400 ft); white flash every 5 s. A 35 m (115 ft) white concrete daymark stretching up the side of a hill with a light with a small fiberglass cabinet at the top. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory northeast of Tufi, 2.65 km (1.65 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. PNG-046; Admiralty K3430.1; NGA 112-26240.

Milne Bay Province Lighthouses

Note: The Milne Bay Province includes the southeastern tip of the New Guinea mainland and an extensive region of islands and reefs extending eastward about 400 km (250 mi). These islands separate the Coral Sea to the south from the Solomon Sea to the north. Poorly charted, they pose a significant hazard to navigation.
Southeastern New Guinea Lighthouses
Ipoteto Island (Baku)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Ipoteto Island lies off Cape Vogel, a promontory projecting into the Ward Hunt Strait, which separates the southeastern peninsula of New Guinea from the D'Entrecasteaux Islands. Baku is a small settlement on the nearby mainland. Located on the northeastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-047; Admiralty K3432; NGA 112-26260.
Meimeiara (Mei-Mei Ara) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 4 m (13 ft) white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island just off Cape Kehelala (East Cape), the easternmost point of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-054; Admiralty K3451; NGA 112-26312.
Isulailai Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the northeastern end of the China Strait, a narrow passage between Milne Bay and the Coral Sea off the extreme southeastern tip of New Guinea. Site status unknown. PNG-056; Admiralty K3452; NGA 112-26332.
Weka Una Rock (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white fiberglass tower. A Nawae Construction photo is at right and Bing has a satellite view of the beacon. Located at the western end of the China Strait, a narrow passage between Milne Bay and the Coral Sea off the extreme southeastern tip of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. PNG-058; Admiralty K3455; NGA 112-26324.
Bonarua (Brumer) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 209 m (686 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete block tower, painted white. A Nawae Construction photo is at the top of this page and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located atop a high island about 6.5 km (4 mi) off the southeastern tip of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS PAP-005; PNG-059; Admiralty K3456; NGA 112-26316.
Ava Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 118 m (617 ft); white flash every 12 s. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete block tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. This light is probably a twin of the Bonarua Island light. Located atop a promontory of the mainland about 50 km (38 mi) west northwest of Bonarua Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PAP-002; PNG-060; Admiralty K3456.5; NGA 112-26320.
Weka Una Rock Light
Weka Una Rock Light, China Strait
photo copyright Nawae Construction; used by permission

Trobriand Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Trobriand Islands are an archipelago in the Solomon Sea about 250 km (150 mi) north of the eastern tip of New Guinea. Kiriwina is by far the largest island of the group. Allied forces occupied Kiriwina in June 1943 to establish a base for operations against Japanese forces on the north coast of New Guinea.
Bomatu Point (Kiriwina)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 19 m (62 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. This is an important light warning ships away from the many reefs of the Trobriand archipelago. Located on the northern tip of Kiriwina. Site status unknown. PNG-049; Admiralty K3436; NGA 112-26416.
Kitava Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 107 m (351 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Kitava is a smaller island about 25 km (15 mi) east of Kiriwina. Located on heights near the southern tip of Kitava. Site status unknown. PNG-048; Admiralty K3437; NGA 112-26420.

Engineer and Bonvouloir Islands Lighthouses
Kegawam Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a reef at the north end of the Engineer Islands, about 80 km (50 mi) northeast of the extreme southeastern tip of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-050; Admiralty K3438; NGA 112-26264.
Kanaweya (Shortland) Reef
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 10 m (33 ft) "pile structure" according to NGA; the PNG list says it has two decks. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a reef at the northeastern end of the Engineer group. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. PNG-051; Admiralty K3440; NGA 112-26288.
Dekatuwe (Bright) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) cylindrical fiberglass tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef at the north end of the island, in the southeastern part of the Engineer Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. PNG-061; Admiralty K3444; NGA 112-26292.
Strathord Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 15 m (49 ft) round white fiberglass tower. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. Located at the northern tip of the Bonvouloir Islands, a small group northeast of the Engineer Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-062; Admiralty K3448; NGA 112-26296.

Louisiade Archipelago Lighthouses
Note: The Louisiade Archipelago is a complex of islands and reefs stretching for several hundred kilometers eastward from the southeastern tip of New Guinea and separating the Solomon Sea to the north from the Coral Sea to the south. The Louisiade reefs are a grave danger to ships rounding the eastern end of New Guinea.
Pananiu (Lunn) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical white fiberglass tower with a square gallery. Nawae Construction's closeup photo of the new LED lens of the lighthouse is at right and Bing has a satellite view. Lunn Island is a popular destination for scuba diving expeditions. This light on the north and the Jomard Island Light (next entry) on the south mark the ends of the safest passage for vessels between Australia and the western Pacific. Located on the eastern tip of a small island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. PNG-063; Admiralty K3449; NGA 112-26272.

Lunn Island Light, Louisiade Archipelago
photo copyright Nawae Construction; used by permission
Jomard (Pana Waipona) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 10 s. 21 m (69 ft) round cylindrical stainless steel tower with gallery. Steffen Neumann's photo is at right and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse stands on an islet marking the Jomard Passage, a narrow passage through the reef system extending southeastward from New Guinea. The strait, about 5 km (3 mi) wide and with a depth of at least 180 m, connects the Coral Sea to the Solomon Sea and is the best "inside" route for ships rounding the southeastern tip of New Guinea. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-064; Admiralty K3450; NGA 112-26276.
Adele Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 8 s. 31 m (102 ft) "white tower," according to NGA. No photo available. This lighthouse marks the easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, indicating the clear "outside" passage between the Coral Sea to the south and the Solomon Sea to the north. No photo available but Bing has an indistinct satellite view that probably shows the lighthouse. This light marks the easternmost extremity of the islands and of Papua New Guinea; the open Pacific Ocean stretches to the east. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PAP-001; PNG-053; Admiralty K3450.5; NGA 112-26284.

Jomard Island Light, Louisiade Archipelago
photo by Steffen Neumann, courtesy of Klaus Huelse; used by permission

New Guinea South Coast Lighthouses

Central Province Lighthouses East of Port Moresby
Rothery Passage
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 22 m (72 ft) white fiberglass tower mounted on a platform supported by three piles. No photo available, and Bing has only an indistinct satellite view. This lighthouse marks the start of the approach through the reef system to the port of Hula. Located on a reef about 15 km (9 mi) off the south coast of New Guinea's southeastern peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. PNG-082; Admiralty K3456.7; NGA 112-26344.
Hood Point (Hula) (2)
Date unknown. Inactive since 2016. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Peter John Tate's photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. The base of an earlier lighthouse, lost to beach erosion, can be seen on the beach at low tide. The active light (focal plane 7 m (23 ft); two white flashes every 8 s) is now on a platform about 1 km (0.6 mi) west southwest of the point; Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the tip of the promontory on which Hula is built. Site probably open, tower closed. Active light: PNG-083; Admiralty K3457; NGA 112-26348.

National Capital District (Port Moresby) Lighthouses
Basilisk Passage (Port Moresby)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) barrel-shaped fiberglass tower mounted on a triangular platform supported by piles. No photo but Google has a satellite view. The Basilisk Passage is a narrow gap in the reef leading to Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea. Located at the west end of the Nateara Reef, marking the east side of the passage. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PAP-003; PNG-090; Admiralty K3458; NGA 112-26352.
Vabukori (Basilisk Passage) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); white light, 4.5 s on, 1.5 s off. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete block tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Downhill from the beacon two white triangles with a gap between them provide an additional daymark. No photo available but Google has a good satellite view. The range guides vessels through the Basilisk Passage. The front light, described only as a beacon, may be mounted on a building near the coast, 445 m (0.275 mi) southwest. Located atop a steep ridge southeast of Port Moresby. Site status unknown. PNG-097; Admiralty K3459.1; NGA 112-26364.
Hood Point Light
Hood Point Light, Hula, January 2007
Panoramio photo copyright Peter John Tate; used by permission

Central Province Lighthouses West of Port Moresby
Idihi Island (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) white fiberglass tower on a platform supported by piles. Kitesurfers have a photo of the island (just over halfway down the page) in which the light is barely visible near the right end and Bing has a satellite view. NGA formerly described this light as a square skeletal tower. Located on an island in a dangerous reef 30.5 km (19 mi) west of Port Moresby. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. PNG-086; Admiralty K3464; NGA 112-26384.
Boera Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete block tower, painted white. Jeremy Schierer has a view from the sea, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory about 25 km (15 mi) northwest of Port Moresby. Site status unknown, probably open. PNG-085; Admiralty K3463.8; NGA 112-26392.
Yule Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete block tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Yule Island is a small island just off the south coast of Papua about 160 km (100 mi) northwest of Port Moresby. The island was the site of a Catholic mission, founded in 1885, one of the first European outposts in Papua. Located on the southern tip of the island. Site status unknown, probably open. ARLHS PAP-010; PNG-088; Admiralty K3465; NGA 112-26400.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Papua New Guinea | South: Far North Queensland | West: Indonesian Papua South Coast

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted July 28, 2007. Checked and revised November 28, 2018. Lighthouses: 29. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.