Lighthouses of the United States: Southeast Texas

Texas is the second-largest U.S. state (after Alaska), but its long coast on the Gulf of Mexico is relatively featureless and has never required very many lighthouses. And unfortunately, the number of historic Texas lighthouses has fallen from 7 to 5 since 2000. In May 2000 the Galveston Jetty Light collapsed into the Gulf during a severe thunderstorm, and in early 2002 the Coast Guard demolished the Sabine Bank Light. In Southeast Texas only a single historic lighthouse survives, the Bolivar Point Light seen at right, and it is not active. However, this page is crowded with the many modern lights of the major harbors, including the Sabine-Neches Waterway, Galveston Bay, and Houston.

Navigational aids in the United States are operated by the U.S. Coast Guard, but ownership (and sometimes operation) of historic lighthouses has been transferred to local authorities and preservation organizations in many cases. Texas lights are the responsibility of the Coast Guard's Eighth District.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume J of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. USCG numbers are from Volume IV of the U.S. Coast Guard Light List.

General Sources
Texas Lighthouses
Fine photos and accounts by Kraig Anderson for eight historic light stations.
Online List of Lights - United States
Photos posted by Alexander Trabas. Many of these photos were taken by Capt. Peter Mosselberger ("Capt. Peter") or Capt. Theo Hinrichs ("Capt. Theo").
The Lighthouse People - Texas
Photos from visits by Bob and Sandra Shanklin.
Texas Lighthouses
Historical information posted by amateur radio operator W5AZN.
Lighthouses in Texas
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Leuchttürme auf der USA auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
NOAA Nautical Chart On-Line Viewer: Gulf Coast
Nautical charts for the coast can be viewed online.
U.S. Coast Guard Navigation Center: Light Lists
The USCG Light List can be downloaded in pdf format.


Bolivar Point Light, Port Bolivar, January 2009
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Joe Nevill

Jefferson County (Sabine-Neches Waterway) Lighthouses

Port Arthur Lighthouses
Note: Starting at Sabine Pass on the Texas-Louisiana border, the 79 mi (127 km) long Sabine-Neches Waterway provides a 40 ft (12 m) channel serving the ports of Port Arthur on the Sabine River and Beaumont on the lower Neches River. A project has begun to deepen the waterway to 48 ft (14.6 m). There are numerous range light towers along the waterway, and only the taller towers are listed here. Several additional lights of the Sabine estuary are listed on the Louisiana page.
Sabine Bank (2)
2002 (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 30 ft (9 m); quick-flashing white light. Red conical tower mounted on the concrete and iron caisson of the original Sabine Bank lighthouse (see below). The caisson is painted white. No photo of the new light is available. Located in the open Gulf of Mexico 15 miles (25 km) southwest of the Sabine River entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: U.S. Coast Guard. ARLHS USA-712; Admiralty J3996; USCG 4-1095.
Sabine Pass Outer Range (Range A) Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 67 ft (20 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 67 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower, mounted on a square platform supported by a single concrete post. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. This is the approach range, leading vessels to the ends of the jetties. The front light is on a short skeletal tower. Located just outside (west) of the west jetty at the Sabine Pass entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: U.S. Coast Guard. Admiralty J4002.1; USCG 4-22415.
* [Sabine Bank (1) (lantern)]
1906. Inactive since 2001. Lantern and watch room of the Sabine Bank lighthouse, which was demolished in 2001-02. The lantern is painted white and the watch room red. The original 3rd order Fresnel lens is on display at the Museum of the Gulf Coast in Port Arthur. The lighthouse, a 72 ft (22 m) cast iron sparkplug tower, was long on the Lighthouse Digest Doomsday List due to its advanced state of deterioration. The Coast Guard demolished the lighthouse between January and April 2002. The lantern and watch room were salvaged and restored for display in Sabine Pass. Sabine Pass suffered catastrophic damage during Hurricane Rita in September 2005, but the lantern survived. A photo is at right, a 2009 photo is available, Christine and Tom Cardaci have photos, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located in Bert Karrer-Lions Park at 6th Avenue and Broadway in Sabine Pass. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: City of Port Arthur.
Sabine River Range (Range C) Rear (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 ft (21 m); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 70 ft (21 m) square cylindrical skeletal tower, mounted on a concrete platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo of the earlier light, and Google has a street view and a satellite view of the new light. The front light is on a much shorter skeletal tower. Located beside the highway 82 swing bridge over the Sabine estuary. Site and tower closed, but there's a good view from Walter Umphrey State park at the west (Texas) end of the bridge. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site manager: Texas highway department. Admiralty J4008.1; USCG 4-22540.

Sabine Bank lantern, Port Arthur, July 2011
Flickr Creative Commons photo by QuesterMark
Port Arthur Canal Inbound Range E Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 ft (16.5 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 54 ft (16.5 m) square skeletal tower. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo (also seen at right), and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The front light is on a smaller skeletal tower. The Port Arthur Canal is a dredged channel paralleling the west side of Sabine Lake, a large lagoon within the Sabine estuary. This range guides vessels northbound to Port Arthur. Located on the west side of the canal off Dowling Road (TX 87) about 6 miles (10 km) south of downtown Port Arthur. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site manager and status unknown. Admiralty J4022.21; USCG 4-22820.
Port Arthur Canal Outbound Range F Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 ft (17 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 55 ft (17 m) square skeletal tower. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located on the west side of the canal off Dowling Road (TX 87) about 1/4 mi (400 m) northwest of the Northbound Range tower. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site manager and status unknown. Admiralty J4022.36; USCG 4-22840.
Port Arthur Canal Inbound Range G Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 73 ft (22 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 69 ft (21 m) square skeletal tower. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located in a petroleum tank farm at the southern edge of Port Arthur. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4022.46; USCG 4-22855.
* Sabine-Neches Canal Inbound Range H Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 ft (16 m); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 49 ft (15 m) square skeletal tower. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a street view and an aerial view. The front light is on a similar skeletal tower about 35 ft (11 m) in height. Located on the east side of the canal in an RV park on Pleasure Pier Boulevard in Port Arthur. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4022.86; USCG 4-22910.
Port Arthur Canal Northbound Range Light
Port Arthur Canal Range E Rear Light
photo copyright Capt. Peter Mosselberger; used by permission
Sabine-Neches Canal Outbound Range K Rear
Date unknown. Active; daytime focal plane 70 ft (19 m), night focal plane 53 ft (16 m); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 70 ft (19 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located on the northwest shore of Sabine Lake. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4023.21; USCG 4-22965.
Sabine-Neches Canal Inbound Range L Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 56 ft (17 m); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 70 ft (19 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located off the northwest shore of Sabine Lake. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4023.26; USCG 4-22950.
Sabine-Neches Canal Range N Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 91 ft (28 m); white light in the day and green light at night, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 88 ft (27 m) square cylindrical skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Theo's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. This range guides vessels on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway westward across the north end of Sabine Lake. Located between Old Ferry Road and TX 73 on the south side of the Nueces River. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4023.46; USCG 4-23010.
Sabine-Neches Canal Inbound Range M/Outbound Range R Common Rear
Date unknown. Active; Range M focal plane 40 ft (12 m); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line; Range R focal plane 49 ft (15 m); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 48 ft (15 m) square cylindrical skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Theo's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The Range M front light and Range R front light are on shorter skeletal towers. Located on the north side of the mouth of the Neches River. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4023.31; USCG 4-22975 (Range M) and 4-23325 (Range R).

Port Neches Lighthouses
Sabine-Neches Canal Outbound Range S Rear
Date unknown. Active; daytime focal plane 53 ft (16 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 53 ft (16 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Theo's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides outbound vessels past Port Neches. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located on the south side of the river east of Port Neches. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4024.11; USCG 4-23370.
Sabine-Neches Canal Outbound Range T Rear
Date unknown. Active; daytime focal plane 57 ft (17 m); continuous green light, visible only on the range line. 57 ft (17 m) square cylindrical skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Theo's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides outbound vessels toward Port Neches. The front light is on a shorter skeletal tower. Located on the south side of the river in refinery west of Port Neches. Owner: U.S. Coast Guard. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4024.76; USCG 4-23435.

Galveston County Lighthouses

Port Bolivar Lighthouses
* Galveston Approach Range (Range A) Rear
1933(?). Active; focal plane 125 ft (38 m); continuous white light. Approx. 118 ft (36 m) square skeletal tower. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo (also seen at right) and Google has a a street view and good satellite view. This undistinguished tower replaced the historic Bolivar Point lighthouse. The front light is on a 43 ft (13 m) post. Located at the water's edge at Houston Avenue and 19th Street in Port Bolivar; this is about 1.5 miles (2.5 km) northeast of the historic lighthouse and close to the base of the Galveston North Jetty. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1340; Admiralty J4036.1; USCG 4-23695.
* Bolivar Point (Port Bolivar)
1873. Inactive since 1933. 117 ft (36 m) cast iron tower (brick lined). The 3rd order Fresnel lens used from 1907 to 1933 is on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History in Washington DC. Two 1-story keeper's quarters are used as private residences; one was being restored to its historical appearance in 2003. Joe Nevill's photo appears at right, a history of the lighthouse is available, John Schulze has a nice photo, Wikimedia has Patrick Feller's photo, the Coast Guard has a historic photo of the station, Marinas.com has aerial photos, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a street view and an excellent satellite view. The lighthouse was sold at auction in 1947 and has been privately owned since then. The movie My Sweet Charlie was filmed at the lighthouse in 1968. Now black with rust, the tower is probably endangered by lack of maintenance. However, it withstood a direct hit by Hurricane Ike in September 2008. Located just off TX 87 near 7th Street in Port Bolivar. Site and tower closed (private property), but the lighthouse can be viewed from the street. Owner/site manager: private. ARLHS USA-069.
Galveston Inlet Range (Range B) Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 ft (21 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off; there's also a passing light showing a white flash every 4 s at focal plane 17 ft (5 m). 70 ft (21 m) square pyramidal skeletal tower, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a much shorter skeletal tower. Located in the inlet about 1/4 mi (400 m) south of the extreme western tip of Point Bolivar. Accessible only by boat, but the Galveston-Port Bolivar ferry passes close by the tower. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1342; Admiralty J4037.1; USCG 4-23745.

Galveston Approach Range Rear Light, Port Bolivar
photo copyright Capt. Peter Mosselberger; used by permission

Galveston Island Lighthouses
#Galveston South Jetty
1918. Inactive since 1972 and destroyed in 2000. This was an 84 ft (26 m) cylindrical steel tower incorporating a 3-story keeper's quarters and mounted on a concrete jetty. The National Archives has a historic photo of the station. The original 3rd order Fresnel lens is on display in the lobby of the Galveston County Commissioners Court Building (722 21st Street), and the lantern is on display at Galveston College (see below and photo at right). This lighthouse was a sibling of the Angel's Gate lighthouse at Los Angeles, California. A severe thunderstorm toppled the light into the Gulf on 2 May 2000. Plans had been underway to relocate the lighthouse to Galveston Island State Park at the other end of the city, where it could have been restored and opened to visitors. Google's satellite view shows that the ruins have been cleared away, but the foundation pad of the lighthouse remains. A light on a post stands off the end of the jetty. The historic lens was formerly at the county historical museum; it was moved to the courthouse in 2013. Located at the end of a long jetty extending into the Gulf on the south side of the entrance into Galveston Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site closed. Owner/site manager: U.S. Coast Guard. ARLHS USA-315; ex-Admiralty J4030.
* Houston Ship Channel Outer Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 ft (23 m); continuous green light. 75 ft (23 m) square pyramidal skeletal tower, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's distant view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The range guides outbound vessels approaching the inlet. Located in marshland beside Seawall Boulevard at the northeastern end of Galveston Island. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1350; Admiralty J4071.1; USCG 4-23910.
Texas City Outer Range A Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 ft (20 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 65 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The range guides vessels outbound from Texas City. Located south of Boddeker Road at the north end of Galveston Island. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1356; Admiralty J4056.1; USCG 4-26035.
* Lower Galveston Bay Outer Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 135 ft (41 m); green light by night and white light by day, occulting once every 4 s and visible only on the range line; there's also a passing light showing a white flash every 4 s at focal plane 40 ft (12 m). 135 ft (41 m) triangular skeletal tower mounted on a tall square platform supported by piles. Piles painted orange. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Outbound vessels follow this range and then the Houston Ship Channel Outer Range. Located adjacent to the Galveston Yacht Basin in the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway a short distance south of Galveston Inlet. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1352; Admiralty J4076.1; USCG 4-23975.
Galveston South Jetty LanternGalveston South Jetty Light's lantern, January 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Paul Randall
(no longer online)
Galveston Inlet Inner Range (Range C) Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 ft (21 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 70 ft (21 m) square pyramidal skeletal tower, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in marshland on the north side of Pelican Island. Accessible only by boat at high water. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1344; Admiralty J4040.1; USCG 4-23785.
* [Galveston South Jetty (lantern)]
1918. Inactive since 1972. The lantern of the collapsed Galveston South Jetty lighthouse was salvaged and restored; it now stands atop a 40 ft (12 m) decorative steel skeletal tower in Beacon Square on the campus of Galveston College. Paul Randall's photo is above, McKenzie Rae has a 2018 photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. A dedication ceremony was held on 8 November 2006. Located at 39th Street and Avenue Q in Galveston. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-315.

Texas City Lighthouses
Note: Site of oil refineries and petrochemical plants, Texas City is an industrial city on the mainland opposite Galveston Island. The Texas City Dike, built in the 1930s, is a levee or breakwater that projects nearly 5 miles (8 km) south-east into the mouth of Galveston Bay.
Texas City Outer Range B Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 67 ft (20 m); red light occulting once every 4 s, visible only on the range line. 67 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The range guides vessels outbound from Texas City. Located just offshore near the end of the Texas City Dike. There's a good view from Dike Road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1360; Admiralty J4060.1; USCG 4-26105.
Texas City Inner Range A Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 ft (18 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 60 ft (18 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The range guides vessels inbound toward Texas City. Located just offshore near the middle of the Texas City Dike. There's a good view from Dike Road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1354; Admiralty J4058.1; USCG 4-26055.
Texas City Inner Range B Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 56 ft (17 m); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 56 ft (17 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides vessels inbound toward Texas City. Located just offshore of the Eastman Chemical plant at the north end of the Texas City industrial complex. Site and tower closed. ARLHS USA-1358; Admiralty J4062.1; USCG 4-26115.
Houston Ship Channel Entrance Inner Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 ft (18 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 60 ft (18 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in Lower Galveston Bay northeast of the Texas City Dike. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1348; Admiralty J4072.1; USCG 4-23920.
 

Middle Galveston Bay, Kemah and League City Lighthouses
Upper Galveston Bay Outer (Outbound) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 ft (20 m); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 65 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries two daymarks colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in the southern part of the bay about 3 miles (5 km) east of San Leon. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1352; Admiralty J4103.1; USCG 4-24210.
Lower Galveston Bay Inner (Inbound) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 119 ft (36 m); green light by night and white light by day, occulting once every 4 s and visible only on the range line; there's also a passing light showing a white flash every 4 s at focal plane 40 ft (12 m). 119 ft (36 m) triangular (?) skeletal tower mounted on a tall platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located near the center of the bay, across the ship channel from Red Fish Island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS USA-1348; Admiralty J4080.1; USCG 4-24060.
* Kemah
Date unknown. Active (privately maintained and unofficial; charted as a lighthouse); focal plane about 40 ft (12 m); continuous white light. Approx. 36 ft (11 m) octagonal tower with lantern, painted with blue and white horizontal bands; lantern painted red with a white roof. For many years the lighthouse was painted dark blue with large white diamond-shaped markings. Waymarking.com has a photo, Kemah.net has a sunrise photo (last photo on the page), and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Although the light is unofficial, this tower is charted as a lighthouse. Located at the foot of 6th street in Kemah, on the south side of the entrance to Clear Lake from Galveston Bay. Site open, tower closed. Owner/operator: unknown.
* Kemah Standpipe
2006. Active (privately maintained and unofficial; charted as a landmark); focal plane 46 m (151 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. 144 ft (44 m) round cylindrical steel water standpipe with lantern and gallery at the top. Tower painted with dark blue and white horizontal bands; lantern painted red. An acrylic replica 3rd order Fresnel lens is in use. David Bakehouse's photo is at right, a second photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Although this is the better known Kemah lighthouse, it has less navigational value than the light at the water's edge on 6th Street (previous entry). Located just off TX 146, at Harris Avenue and 9th Street South in Kemah. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Galveston County Water Control & Improvement District #12. ARLHS USA-1410.
Beacon Island (Harbor Island, South Shore Harbour, Clear Lake)
1983. Active (privately maintained and unofficial; charted as a lighthouse); focal plane 120 ft (36.5 m); continuous (?) white light. 99 ft (30 m) 16-sided steel tower with lantern and gallery, painted with black and white horizontal bands. David Fretz has a 2008 photo, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. More information is needed on this interesting private lighthouse. Located on the south side of Clear Lake in League City, on an island at the end of Lighthouse Boulevard. In 2006 it was reported that the property was for sale and closed to the public, but Jackson Myers has a May 2007 photo of the lighthouse in action. In 2011 a new group of developers purchased the island; they planned to build luxury homes, but only a few have been built. Site closed (the access is through a gated residential neighborhood), but the lighthouse can be seen from nearby. Owner/site manager: unknown. ARLHS USA-1184.
Kemah Light
Kemah Standpipe Light, May 2012
Flickr photo copyright David L. Bakehouse
used by permission

Harris County (Houston Area) Lighthouses

Bayport Area Lighthouses
Morgan's Point Approach Outer Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 110 ft (33.5 m); two lights, green above white, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line; there's also a passing light showing a white flash every 4 s at focal plane 28 ft (11.5 m). 110 ft (33.5 m) triangular skeletal tower mounted on a tall square platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a good satellite view. Located in the northwestern part of the bay about 5 miles (8 km) east northeast of the Clear Lake entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4132.1; USCG 4-24400.
Bayport Ship Channel Outer Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 96 ft (29.5 m); green light at night, white during the day, 3 s on, 3 s off; also a passing light (white flash every 4 s) at a focal plane of 14 ft (4 m). 96 ft (29.5 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a triangular platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides vessels leaving Bayport. Located about 2.5 mi (4 km) due east of the junction of the Bayport and Houston Ship Channels. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4132.1; USCG 4-24440.
Bayport Directional
Date unknown. Active (privately maintained); focal plane 162 ft (49 m); continuous light, white, red or green depending on direction. 157 ft (48 m) triangular cylindrical skeletal tower. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located in a petroleum tank farm at the west end of the Bayport Ship Channel. Site and tower closed; there's a distant view from TX 146. Admiralty J4132.8; USCG 4-24467.
Bayport Ship Channel Inner Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 71 ft (22 m); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. Approx. 66 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. The directional light would seem to make this light redundant. Located on the west side of TX 146. Site status unknown. USCG 4-24470.

Baytown Area (San Jacinto River) Lighthouses
Upper Galveston Bay Inner Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 ft (20 m); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 65 ft (20 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in the northwestern part of the bay about 1 mile (1.5 km) northeast of the entrance to the Bayport Ship Channel. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4104.1; USCG 4-24220.
Barbours Cut Crossing Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 ft (15 m); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 50 ft (15 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. This range guides outbound vessels through a curve at the junction of the Barbours Terminal Channel. Located on the east side of the channel. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4142.11; USCG 4-24610.
* [Morgan's Point Approach Inner Range Rear]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 99 ft (30 m); green light at night, white during the day, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. Approx. 92 ft (28 m) round robust steel mast. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the north side of TX 146B just west of the Goose Creek Bridge. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J4142.06; USCG 4-24590.
Upper Red Light Bend Inbound Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 76 ft (23 m); quick-flashing red light. 76 ft (23 m) square skeletal tower on a tall platform supported by four robust piles. Tower and piles painted brown. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the river next to an Exxon facility at the south entrance to the bend. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4142.65; USCG 4-25230.
Lower Peggys Lake Outbound Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 97 ft (30 m); quick-flashing red light. 97 ft (30 m) square skeletal tower. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, but the tower is hard to distinguish in Google's satellite view. Located on the main pier of the Exxon facility. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4143.05; USCG 4-25330.
Lower Peggys Lake Outbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 137 ft (42 m); red light occulting once every 4 s. 137 ft (42 m) square skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo (also seen at right), and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the river about 600 ft (180 m) north of the Upper Red Bend Inbound Front Light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4143.06; USCG 4-25335.
Upper Red Light Bend Inbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 151 ft (46 m); red light occulting once every 4 s. 148 ft (45 m) square skeletal tower on a tall platform supported by four robust piles. Tower and piles painted brown. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on land 1/2 mi (800 m) north of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4142.66; USCG 4-25235.
Lower Peggys Lake Inbound Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 73 ft (22 m); quick-flashing red light. 73 ft (22 m) triangular skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the river off the Bostco Barge Dock. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4143; USCG 4-25320.

Lower Peggys Lake Outbound Range Rear Light
photo copyright Capt. Peter Mosselberger; used by permission

Lower Peggys Lake Inbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 138 ft (42 m); red light occulting once every 4 s. 138 ft (42 m) triangular skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the river about 600 ft (180 m) north of the Upper Red Bend Inbound Front Light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4143.01; USCG 4-25335.
Crossover Outbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 63 m (19 m); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 63 m (19 m) square skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has Capt. Peter's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located a short distance northeast of the Lower Peggys Lake Inbound Range Rear Light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4143.51; USCG 4-25485.

Brazoria County Lighthouses

Angleton Lighthouse
* [Brazos River (lantern)]
1896. Inactive since 1967, when the lighthouse, a 96 ft (29 m) square pyramidal skeletal tower, was demolished. Sibling of Sanibel Island FL. The lantern room and original 3rd order clamshell Fresnel lens are on display at the Brazoria County Historical Museum in Angleton. The Coast Guard has a historic photo of the lighthouse, and Google has a street view and a satellite view of the lantern. The original site, about 1 mile (1.5 km) southwest of the Brazos River entrance, is owned by Dow Chemical and is closed to the public. Located on North Velasco Street in Angleton next to the Brazoria County Courthouse. Site and museum open daily except Sundays. ARLHS USA-079.

Freeport Lighthouses
Freeport Harbor Outbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 ft (15 m); continuous red light. Approx. 48 ft (14.5 m) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a short skeletal tower. Located on the east side of the harbor entrance a short distant east of the Freeport Coast Guard Station. Site and tower closed. Admiralty J4180.31; USCG 4-27010.
Freeport Jetty Inbound Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 146 ft (44.5 m); green light by night, white by day, occulting once every 4 s. Approx. 141 ft (43 m) square skeletal tower mounted on a concrete base. The tower carries a rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a short skeletal tower. Located on the north side of the Dow Barge Canal in Dow Chemical's huge plant at Freeport. Site and tower closed. ARLHS USA-1400; Admiralty J4180.1; USCG 4-26975.

Montgomery County Lighthouse

Lake Conroe (Harbour Town)
1977 (rebuilt 1999). Active; white light, characteristics unknown. 90 ft (27 m) octagonal cylindrical tower, painted with horizontal red and white bands to resemble the well-known Harbour Town Light at Hilton Head, South Carolina. Cliff Pumphrey has a 2008 photo, Stan Hench has a view from the lake, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse was rebuilt after being heavily damaged by a tornado in 1999. Located off Lakeshore Drive on a point jutting into the east side of the lake, about 4 mi (6 km) west of I-45 exit 92 near Willis in Montgomery County, about 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Houston. Site and tower closed, but the lighthouse can be seen from many locations around the lake. Owner/site manager: Harbour Town on Lake Conroe. ARLHS USA-1187.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Louisiana | South: South Texas

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Checked and revised August 27, 2018. Lighthouses: 46. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.