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[SANET-MG] science in society 23
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/announcingSIS23.phpISIS Press Release 24/08/04
Announcing Science in Society # 23
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From the Editor
Ethiopia goes organic
Famines and Ethiopia have become irrevocably linked in the public mind
since Bob Geldof’s Live Aid Concert in the 1980s. But big changes are
afoot. We carried the first exclusive report (Science in Society 16,
2002) on how Ethiopia is determined to feed herself. This success story
is now told in full.
A project with small beginnings, based on reviving the traditional
Indian farming practice of pit composting, has increased yields over and
above chemical fertilizers and turned barren degraded land into
productive greenery. The results are so impressive that the Ethiopian
government is ready to adopt organic agriculture as one of its
strategies for food security. Ethiopia is taking the lead in delivering
not just food security to the nation: but good quality, nutritious food
free from agrochemicals and a clean environment, which are crucial to
delivering good health. This is what every country in the world should
be doing, rich or poor.
The composting package was first introduced in 1996 to the northern
state of Tigray by distinguished Ethiopian ecologist, Dr Tewolde Berhan
Gebre Egziabher, recipient of the Right Livelihood award. Tewolde (what
his friends calls him) is no stranger in international politics. As
representative of the Ethiopian government and the African Union, he has
been championing the rights of the poorest countries at the FAO
Commission on Plant Genetic Resources, and played a key role in the
successful negotiation of the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol for
regulating genetically modified organisms.
We are privileged to have the inside story told by Sue Edwards, the
Director of the Institute of Sustainable Development in Addis Ababa, who
shared responsibility of the Tigray project with Tewolde.
Corporations coveting our rice
Rice, the staple food crop for more than half the world’s population,
among them the poorest, is the current target of genetic modification,
an activity that has greatly intensified after the rice genome was
announced two years ago (see "Rice is life" series, SiS 15, 2002). Since
then, all major biotech giants are investing in rice research, with the
clear intent of exercising monopolistic rights through gene patenting
and genetic modification.
At the same time, a low-input cultivation system that really benefits
small farmers worldwide has been spreading, but is dismissed by the
scientific establishment as "unscientific". This is one among several
recent innovations that increase yields and ward off disease without
costly and harmful inputs, all enthusiastically and widely adopted by
farmers in Asia and Africa.
A war is building up between the corporations and the peoples of the
world for the possession of rice. The food security of billions is at
stake, as is their right to grow the varieties of rice they have created
and continue to create, and in the manner they choose.
We bring you a comprehensive exposé of how the scientific establishment
is serving the corporate agenda against peoples’ interests.
New Age of Water
Water has come of age. It is cool on everyone’s lips. Decades of
research on water is yielding remarkable insights into its dynamic
collective structures, and changing our big picture of life and living
Organisms are seventy to eighty percent water. Is this water necessary
to life? What vital functions does it serve?
Entire biochemistry and cell biology textbooks are still being written
without ever mentioning the role of water. It is simply treated as the
inert medium in which all the specific biochemical reactions are being
Instead, recent findings are raising the possibility that it is water
that’s stage-managing the biochemical drama of life. Water is life, it
is the key to every living activity. Some people will even say it is the
seat of consciousness.
Nowhere else will you find such a feast for the discerning mind. And
there will be more in the coming issues.
Ban pharm crops
As one after another biotech giant retreated from GM crops for food and
feed in Europe amid massive losses and lack of investment, the desperate
industry is redoubling its efforts to use GM crops to produce transgenic
pharmaceuticals in North America and elsewhere.
These pharm crops pose a range of health hazards; as documented in
numerous reviews in past and present issues of SiS: allergies,
immune-suppression, immune sensitization followed by anaphylaxis, oral
tolerance leading to loss of immunity to pathogens. An AIDS vaccine
produced in the maize crop has been compared to the release of a "slow
bioweapon". What have our governments been doing to protect the public?
Prof. Joe Cummins uncovered a major scandal: these pharm crops have been
produced and marketed in the United States for at least two years behind
our backs, via a gaping loophole in the regulatory process. This has
galvanised public interest organisations to call for a moratorium on the
release of transgenic pharm rice in California.
Meanwhile, the European Union announced the award of 12 million euros to
a "Pharma-Planta" consortium, a network of laboratories in 11 European
countries plus South Africa to develop pharm crops for vaccines and
treatments for AIDS, rabies, diabetes and TB. South Africa's role is to
be the testing ground for the first pharm crops.
The exploitation of Third World countries to produce transgenic
pharmaceuticals unacceptable in Europe and the United States harks back
to the days of colonialism, and raises the spectre of unmonitored and
unregulated human exposures to the dangerous products without the
informed consent of those directly affected. This will become worse as
opposition grows in North America and Europe. We are calling for a
global forum to alert people to the dangers as well as the "benefits"
(see p.29). Meanwhile, it is imperative to impose a global ban on field
test releases and biopharmaceutical production, especially in Third
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From the Editor
Greening Ethiopia for Self-Sufficiency
The Tigray Project
Organic Production for Ethiopia
Fantastic Rice Yields Fact or Fallacy?
New Rice for Africa
Top Indian Rice Geneticist Rebuts SRI Critics
Does SRI Work?
One Bird - Ten Thousand Treasures
Corporate Patents vs People in GM Rice
Two Rice Better than One
Promises & Perils of GM Rice
Freeing the World from GM
Biotech Investment Busy Going Nowhere
Superbug with Anthrax Genes
Approval of Bt11 Maize Endangers Humans and Livestock
Pharm Crop Products in US Market
Collusion and Corruption in GM Policy
Questions over Schmeiser’s Ruling
DNA in GM Food & Feed
GM Trees Alert
No to GM Trees
Low Lignin GM Trees and Forage Crops
Bio-remediation Without Caution
ISP to FAO: GM Crops Not the Answer
Selenium Conquers AIDS?
Delivering Good Health Through Good Food
New Age of Water
Is Water Special?
The ‘Wholiness’ of Water
Water Forms Massive Exclusion Zones
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