[Market-farming] Effective Micro-organisms + Indigenous Micro-organismsSteve Diver steved at ncat.org
Sun Feb 20 14:46:34 EST 2005
The leaflet and recipe that you posted are from the Korean system known as IM (Indigenous Microorganisms). They were developed in the 1960s by Han Kyo Cho with Korean Natural Farming Association. The IMO system has come into English-language awareness in the last few years from the book by Han Kyu Cho and Atsushi Koyama and from the workshops by Gil Carandang in the Philipines. Korean Natural Farming: Indigenous Microorganisms and Vital Power of Crop/Livestock Han Kyu Cho and Atsushi Koyama Korean Natural Farming Association, 1997. 172 p. EM (Effective Microroganisms) were developed in the 1980s by Dr. Teruo Higa at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan. It was widely adapted and gained international recognition through Kyusei Nature Farming. It is easy to get a bottle of EM mother culture and brew a batch of activated EM (liquid culture)) or make EM bokashi (solid culture). The results are consistent and reliable, for the most part. With IM you rely on local biomass to culture local microflora. The results can vary. It might take first-hand training to gain the same level of confidence that you'd like to have as a farmer, by comparison to a known mother culture brewed with "type-cultured" microbes. On the other hand, the recipes and biomass sources used as a substrate to culture microbes and transform organic wastes into valueable biofertilizers are suprisingly similar between IM and EM. After all, the practical applications of IM and EM arise from nature farming systems. In some of the developing countries where nature farming systems are widely employed, the intense poverty and self sufficient nature of farming is readily apparent. The ability to "purchase" an off-farm input, a bottle of microbial inoculant, is severe restricted. In these places "making your own" is appealing and also leads to further nnovations. Steve Diver http://www.attra.ncat.org ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Karen Sutherland wrote: Al-Mario Casimir & Ian Alexander prepared a pamphlet for the Organic Desk of the Division of Agriculture here in Dominica explaining how to produce your own EM using local organisms. ..... etc .....
More information about the Market-farming mailing list