FW: Potato IPM for Ukraine
A quick search of the CAB ABSTRACTS database found 375 articles on control
of Colorado beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) in the Russian or Ukrainian
language. I had a look through them an tried to identify articles that could
be applied locally in Ukraine (see below). For those papers that describe
cheap organic/ecological methods, I have attached the full abstract as well.
I know there is no money to obtain these papers in Ukraine. However, would
someone be prepared to sponsor the photocopying of these papers and sending
them to Ukraine? Most articles are only 2-3 pages long.
With best wishes,
TI: Rational methods in control of the Colorado potato beetle.
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii-Moskva. 1995, No. 6, 39-41.
Discusses chemical control and control using biological preparations.
TI: Control of abundance of Colorado potato beetle and potato tuber worm.
AU: Chernii-AM; Chaika-VN; Baklanova-OV
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii-Moskva. 1994, No. 5, 7-9
Ukrainian field trials, using pheromone traps and biological preparations
TI: Decimid - a new biopreparation against Colorado beetle larvae.
AU: Rogatykh-NP; Salamakha-OV
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii-Moskva. 1993, No. 6, 46-47.
TI: Bitoxibacillin - an effective biological preparation.
AU: Goral'-VM; Lappa-NV
SO: Kartofel'-i-Ovoshchi. 1990, No. 3, 45-46.
TI: Combined protection is cheaper and more effective.
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii-Moskva. 1989, No. 12, 32.
Use of pyrethroids; might there be a possibility for home made biological
TI: Control of the Colorado potato beetle in private plots.
AD: Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Inst. Zashchity Rastenii,
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii. 1986, No. 4, 52.
TI: System of measures for controlling the Colorado beetle.
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii. 1983, No. 5, 41-44.
TI: Hemp and the Colorado beetle.
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii. 1976, No. 5, 61; 1 fig.
AB: The author, in the Ternopol region reports that when hemp [Cannabis
sativa] was grown round a plot of potato the potato plants nearest to the
hemp were free from infestation by Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) whereas
the others became heavily infested. When flowering hemp plants were torn up
and waved over infested potato plants, the beetles fell to the ground
paralysed. When a decoction of hemp plants prepared by boiling them in water
was applied to infested potato plants, no living beetles or larvae remained
after 45 min. A similar preparation containing sunflower oil and starch
killed the insects in 30 min and kept the plot free from them until the end
of the season. It is reported in a footnote that another worker has also
obtained good results with a hemp decoction.
TI: The green toad and the Colorado beetle.
AU: Tertyshnikov-MF; Gorovaya-VI
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii. 1976, No. 6, 28; 1 fig.
AB: Several species of toads, frogs and lizards prey on the adults and
larvae of Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) on potato in the USSR, and tests
were carried out in Stavropol in 1974 on the habits of the green toad in
this respect, in both field conditions and a terrarium. In a day, two toads
in the terrarium ate 7 adults and 20 larvae, and 2 adults and 5 larvae were
detected in the stomachs of two toads collected in the field. The toads ate
only insects within easy reach (on the ground), and thus consumption in the
terrarium was greater than in the field. The counts showed that in a potato
plot about 4100 m2 in area where there were 20 toads (49/ha) they would
destroy 40 adults and 100 larvae/day. Activity is nocturnal, and it is
possible that the toads might annihilate undetected small colonies of the
beetle in natural situations. Measures to encourage these toads in potato
fields such as providing water in spring and heaps of stones under which
they can shelter by day, are suggested.
TI: The use of food baits in the control of the Colorado beetle.
SO: Zashchita-Rastenii. 1976, No. 7, 50; 1 fig.
AB: In the Voronezh district of the USSR, the author has frequently noticed
adults of Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) on the remains of potatoes and
tomatoes thrown on heaps or floating on water and he therefore tested
various food materials as baits for the beetle. The work was done during the
flight period of the second generation in 1975. Tubers of potato and fruits
of tomato, ground leaves and stalks of various plants and water extracts of
them were exposed on the soil in dry warm weather. Almost all proved
attractive, but the best were soaked fruit-stems of tomato. They became less
attractive as they dried, and so potato tubers and tomatoes, which remained
moist for a fortnight or more were more practicable. Tubers 3-3.5 cm in
diameter constantly attracted over 20 beetles each. Pieces of tuber placed
on the soil were found within a few hours, and it is thought that such baits
might play a part in the control of the beetle in early spring, when
alternative food is scarce.
>TO: SANET community with Ukraine farming connections
>SUBJECT: low-cost, low-tech Colorado potato beetle controls
>Can anyone suggest ways of delivering the management skills or training
>needed to make a difference? Is there basic potato cultural
>management to protect against CPM written in Ukrainian or Russian? For
>whatever reason, farmers there don't have informational recourse. And
>have no community email that's dependable.