Sustainable Freshwater Ecology & Aquaculture


Lawrence F. London, Jr. - Venaura Farm - Chapel Hill, NC, USA
mailto:london@sunSITE.unc.edu  http://sunSITE.unc.edu/InterGarden
mailto:llondon@mathernet.com  http://mathernet.com/llondon
Title: Sustainable Freshwater Ecology & Aquaculture

Sustainable Freshwater Ecology & Aquaculture

SBC & Associates

International Consultancy Services


* Advocating an integrated approach to human development and the 
  freshwater environment

* Achieving an ecological, economic and social balance in 
  environmental design.

* Planning and operating ecosystems to match local resources 
  with market demand.

An example of sustainable processing

A derelict, polluted lake without environmental management.

Step:   Action:
1.      Biological lake restoration and impact assessment
2.      Re-design for ecological enhancement
3.      Identification of sustainable themes
4.      Multi-functionality and feasibility modelling	
5.      Works programme
6.      Operational framework
7.      Annual review and audit of sustainable options

Topical areas of interest in FRESHWATER ECOLOGY

Lakes & ponds
creation, restoration, local income potential

creation, productivity, enhancement and maintenance

studies, proposals and lobbying

Riverine habitats
enhancement, analysis and maintenance

Public aquariums
innovative themes, breeding and specialist species

Liquid Waste Streams
ecological waste treatment and innovative waste resource utilisation 
for industrial and aquaculture operations

recreational pursuits including angling, water quality & environmental 
health, ornamental pondkeeping and specialist wildlife ponds

Topical areas of interest in SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE

Coldwater aquaculture
food, ornamental and innovative new species, specialising 
in stillwater pond systems

Warmwater aquaculture
food, ornamental and innovative new species, specialising
in systems for the urban environment

Captive breeding programmes
for food, ornamental, conservation and innovative new species

Integrated farming
utilising organic waste streams for feed and energy input and 
waste output as a horticulture resource

Disease diagnosis and treatment
for freshwater species and ecological alternative treatments


Desk research
Sustainable analysis
Conceptual proposals
Policy formulation
Sustainable strategies
Feasibility studies
Ecological analysis
Trouble shooting
Global networking
Operational management
Project supervision
Public Relations


Collation of a manuscript (1987) relating to the freshwater fish 
Channidae (Latin family name) commonly known as Snakeheads. 
This accounted for three years of literary research, compiling 400 
scientific references and summarising such data into a 26,000 word paper. 
The completed work underwent a critical review by the British Natural 
History Museum (UK) and evaluation by Singapore University. 
To be published in the languages of English and German in 1997.

Regular contributor to international fishkeeping magazines (since 1989) 
having 32 published articles to date.

Commissioned by Genesis Film Productions (England) as a consultant 
with respect to the breeding of the Siamese fighting fish 
(Betta splendens) which featured in a four part educational 
documentary for UK Channel Four Television (1989).

Self-funded business and field research trip visiting a variety of 
fishery research stations in India to collate Channidae material. 
Meetings with a good cross section of the scientific and business 
community and subsequent exportation of Indian native freshwater 
species for controlled breeding and sales to the United Kingdom.(1990)

Employed as Assistant Fish Farm Manager on a commercial Research & 
Development ornamental freshwater fish farm in Florida, United States 
of America. Experience attained at this time in the discipline of 
artificial inducement and environmental control techniques in the 
commercial breeding of exotic freshwater fish species.(1991)

Self-financed 31500 litre capacity research station based in Doncaster, 
South Yorkshire. This period realised the first European incidence of 
spawning the Mud Murrel (Channa punctata) in captivity.(1992)

Position with Environ Ltd. this constituted advice to wholesale and 
retail ornamental outlets with point of sale educational information 
including labelling systems, water quality testing, computer based 
software and electronic fish information points.(1992).

Contract based at Nautilus Aquatics, Wakefield with the design of 
hatchery filtration systems and the implementation of captive breeding 
programmes for goldfish and koi carp; for subsequent sales through the 
retail outlet. Development of an in-house fish disease diagnosis service 
involving microscopic analysis and treatment of sick fish. (1992-1993)

Research, feasibility and implementation of a 1800 m3 fish farm based 
in Southern Spain. Successful rearing of a variety of ornamental fish 
species recorded in Fish Farming International (September 1993).

Attendance at the World Aquaculture Congress (Spain, 1993) lecturing 
on the following subjects:

 1.      Trends in European Ornamental Fish farming
 2.      A new food fish (Channidae) for Europe

Publication in  the UK magazine 'The Business' (September 1993) of an 
article concerning topical business and environmental awareness issues.

Presentation of conceptual proposals to the Chief Executive, 
The Earth Centre for freshwater based elements to be included in the 
visions and values of the centre. 
The project is a proposed educational environmental leisure park devoted 
to theme of sustainable development, based on a 140 hectare site at 
Denaby Main, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Contracted position of Director of Freshwater Ecology, The Earth Centre. 
My brief was to design and develop the concept of a unique freshwater 
fish farm devoted to innovative methods of production. This utilised 
sustainable aquaculture techniques without comprising the welfare and 
environmental integrity of adjoining ecosystems.(October 1993)

Project management for a period of 18 months to the construction of the 
fish farm on the 1.4 million pounds sterling first phase of the 
The Earth Centre development.(1994-1995)

Research and formulation of Earth Centre policies and strategies in 
relation to sustainable issues in freshwater ecology, conservation, 
aquatic production, ecological waste water treatment and integrated 
farming systems. (1994-1996)

Networking (1993-1996) with governmental and non-governmental 
environmental organisations including the UK Environment Agency 
(to Yorkshire Regional Manager level), Yorkshire Water Plc and three  
regional local government authorities

Fundraising coordinator for the proposed Aquatic Ecology Centre with a 
total of 100,000 pounds sterling raised in construction materials from 
regional based companies. The event was successfully completed and 
recorded for a community based television programme named 'Action Time' 
for Yorkshire Television. (1995)

Initiated a business planning and development programme (1994-1996) for 
aquatic production (plants, fish, pond & lake design) on and off the 
site and recruited and trained a dedicated commercial manager for the 
development of these operations.

Coordination of a research and development programme in January 1995, 
following an initial enquiry from The United Nations University (Tokyo, 
Japan), to conceive a process for utilising liquid and solid waste from 
a Microbrewery. The process constitutes integrated brewing, aquaculture, 
algae production and horticulture operations. This innovative project
demonstrates a sustainable method of achieving ecological treatment 
processes effectively produces saleable items from organic waste 
streams and achieves a near zero waste output.

Attended a planning conference (April 1995) in Beijing (China) organised 
by the Zero Emissions Research Initiative programme (United Nations 
University) as the representative expert for the European pilot plant. 
Coordinated between academic establishments including Hull University, 
Kings College London & Horticulture Research International to drive 
forward the concept to a working brief in a period of nine months.

Visitation (April 1995) and discussions with senior representatives of 
The Peoples Government of Zhengding County, Hubei Province. The county 
has been chosen by the Peoples Congress as an experimental model to 
further sustainable urban development in China.

Contribution of conceptual projects to the Millennium Earth Centre 
proposal (1995-1996) which has been recently approved by UK 
Millennium Commission (a government funding body administering proceeds
from the UK National Lottery for landmark millennium projects). The 
programme (with up to 50 million pounds sterling from the UK government) 
will be a phased development opening from Easter 1998 until the year 
2000 with a predicted peak of two million visitors for the millennium 
year celebrations.

Visit to the  Czech Republic in May 1995 as a delegate for an Earth 
Centre- Doncaster College- Vysoka Skole Banska (Academic Institution, 
Ostrava) preliminary delegation with the objective of fact finding in 
relation to sustainable development and environmental science 
information transfer.

Research & development, management procedures, coordination with 
architects, planning, engineering and construction teams for a proposed 
freshwater pavilion based at The Millennium Earth Centre. 

Knowledge of ecological and environmental subjects to the wider general 
issues of bioremediation of contaminated land and the sustainable 
planning of ecological & economic regeneration in ex-industrial 
zones. Co-design of a newly created sustainable wetland ecosystem on an 
ex-coalfield site (1994-1996)

Desk research for educational material for Millennium Earth Centre 
exhibits relating to issues of water and sustainable development.(1996)

for further details please contact Stephen Bedford Clark

Copyright © 1996 Stephen Bedford Clark
This Home Page was created by WebEdit,Saturday, August 24, 1996
Most recent revision Saturday, August 24, 1996