As well as, the Open Content Alliance, Larry Lessig, John Price Wilkin,‘s Scribe scanning machineall in an article by Jeff Toobin “Google’s Moon Shot”

Somewhat related, but Open Content not Google:
$2 Million Sloan Foundation Grant To Help Digitize Thousands of Books at Library of Congress

$2 Million grant to digitize brittle books at Library of Congress

(Thanks to Peter at LoC)