How to Find Journal Articles about What To Do In A Nuclear Crisis
Open a web browser and search for your local library homepage .
If you are using a public library you can usually login using your library card or login information.
You will usually see a list of topics like nursing, biology, and psychology etc. When you click on the topic it shows you a list of databases your library subscribes to. Databases work like google except instead of pulling up websites they pull up journal articles.
Basic Information on all topics:
Sometimes you may see a short list of popular databases such as Ebsco Academic Search. Ebsco Academic Search (premier or other) is the basic database that covers introductory level information on many topics. You can probably find some relevant articles for the general public in this database.
Medical information on treating radiation injuries:
If you want more specific information on medical topics you might try nursing or health sciences topics. Biology or pre-med databases (Medline) are typically for a pre-med audience and covers more advanced information.
Some examples of nursing or Health Sciences databases:
Merck Manual Home Health Handbook: Radiation Injury (basic information such as you would find in a manual)
Access medicine: You might find an online text book such as Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine (Chapter 223. Radiation Terrorism), or Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine (Chapter 11. Radiation Injuries).
CINAHL with Full Text: You might find a fully online article such as "Nuclear terrorism and the problem of burns."
DynaMed: Acute radiation syndrome information
Web of Science: LOCAL, REGIONAL AND NATIONAL RESPONSES FOR MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF A RADIOLOGICAL/NUCLEAR INCIDENT
Some public libraries might subscribe to health source plus consumer edition. You might find information about dietary and homeopathy treatments for radiation exposure (especially in relation to chemotherapy).
After you open the database and type in a search term - a list of article titles should appear. Click on one of the titles for more information. If you see a link that says "full text" - click on it and the full article should pull up. At this point you can either print it out or download it.
If it does not have full text online then find the paper copy. Write down the journal title, year published, volume, issue number, page numbers and article title. Note: Journal articles are found by the journal title rather than the article title. You will search for the journal by title, then the year it was published, then volume, issue and page number. In that order.
If you are searching for an online article that you already know the citation for - just use the journal finder (from the library homepage) to locate the title of the journal. Once inside the journal listing - find the year of the publication. Then look for the volume and then issue, or by date.
Don't forget to use boolean search terms: and (limits search), or (expands search), * (looks for multiple endings such as burn*, burns, burned). You can also use these to search the internet. You may also be interested in finding a bibliography on your subject. If you can't find the journal ask the librarian to order it through interlibrary loan.
Radiation Injuries -- Therapy
What is the difference between a scholarly journal and a popular magazine?
Use the citation builder for your bibliography.
Example radiation articles:
Many of these articles can be found in databases intended for nursing students. Otherwise you can just search by the journal title in your library database. Most of them should be fully online.
Bairati, I. (2005). Randomized trial of antioxidant vitamins to prevent acute adverse effects of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(24),: 5805-13.
Casavant M. (2006). Check emergency department victims for radiation. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 47 (1), 120-1. Link
Chase, M., Zimmerman, R. (2002). If 'Dirty Bomb' Hits, Hospitals Must Improvise. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 239 (114), pB1. 0p.
Flynn, D., Goans, R. (2006). Nuclear terrorism: triage and medical management of radiation and combined-injury casualties. Surgical Clinics of North America, 86 (3), 601-36. (link)
Funabashi, Y., Kitazawa, K. (2012). Fukushima in review: A complex disaster, a disastrous response. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 68(2), 9-21. 13.
Hamada, N., Ogino, H. (2012). Food safety regulations: what we learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 111 (September), 83-99 (link)
Harrison T., Gustafson, E., & Dixon, J. (2003). Radiologic emergency: protecting schoolchildren & the public. American Journal of Nursing, 103(5), 41-50. link
Kinsley, M. (2006). Spare tactics: advances in radiation therapy include techniques that help keep surrounding tissue healthy. Nursing Spectrum, 18A (17), 10-1.
Koenig, G., Goans, R., Hatchett, R., Mettler, F., Schumacher T., Noji, E., & Jarrett, D., (2005). Medical Treatment of Radiological Casualties: Current Concepts. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 45(6). Link
Kumar, P. (1994). A review of triage and management of burns victims following a nuclear disaster. Burns, 20(5), 397-402. Link
Laurent, C. (1990). Disaster triage of massive casualties from thermonuclear detonation. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 16(4), 248-51.
(1985). Tincture of iodine keeps radiation away. (possible home remedy in event of nuclear plant mishap). Science News. Dec 7, 128 p360(1). link to article
Miller, K. (1989). Effectiveness of skin absorption of tincture of I in blocking radioiodine from the human thyroid gland. Health Physics, 56(6), 911-4. link to article
Schipper, D. (2005). Pills that protect you.(Cesium and Potassium iodide in radiography). Men's Health, 20(7), 138.
Splete, H. (2003). Handling a nuclear incident: potassium iodide. (Some Regional Distribution Plans in Place). Internal Medicine News, 36(8). p8(1).
Tagami, K., Uchida, S. (2011). Can we remove iodine-131 from tap water in Japan by boiling?. Experimental testing in response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident Chemosphere, 84(9), 1282-1284 (link) (NO you cannot)
"The public response should be 'shelter and shower'. Sheltering (particularly at home) is prudent early in a radiologic event, because families congregate at home and showers, clean clothing, food, and water are available. Sheltering also provides authorities time to assess the situation more completely. Evacuation might be indicated later for people in some locations, depending on the specific situation and the extended dose estimates. In other locations, remaining sheltered may result in lower radiation exposure." (Flynn & Goans, 2006) buy article / find in library
SHOWER AND SHELTER - WHAT TO DO AT HOME AFTERWARDS
Please download and print this web page in case the internet is no longer accessible
Hotlines for information:
• CDC at 1-800-CDC-INFO
Research on Nuclear Radiation & Effects
Good general overview information:
The Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex (NRIA) to the National Response Framework (NRF)
Nuclear War Survival Skills from the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW)
Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors
Radiation Emergency Management (game plans)
Dirty bomb message
Trouble shooting the public’s response to radiologic emergency procedures (instructions they don’t understand or do not follow)
Hospital and health care provider emergency procedures
Radiation Emergency Medical Management guidance on diagnosis and treatment for health care providers from the US dept of health and human services
The above website has well organized categories of information specifically for health care providers dealing with radiation and radiation burns.
Nuclear terrorism: triage and medical management of radiation and combined-injury casualties. (includes abstract) Flynn DF; Surgical Clinics of North America, 2006 Jun; 86 (3): 601-36 (link)
Management of nuclear casualties. Udeani JC; Topics in Emergency Medicine, 2002 Jun; 24 (2): 40-6, 79-82 (link)
Survival guides to download - these are the most comprehensive I have found.
NWSS is a published book by Cresson H. Kearny who has a BS in Civil Engineering from Princeton and an MS in Geology from Oxford University. NWSS was originally published by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the U.S. Department of Energy.
It is available for purchase, but also free to download as a pdf. The author worked for Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the time of publication. More about Cresson Kearney
It is very comprehensive and has alot of practical information for a person already involved in a nuclear / radiation incident. Since it is over 300 pages long I would recommend choosing select chapters to print out.
Printing instructions: It may be easier to just print from the menu of the website version.
Recommended chapters to start with:
For the PDF: See page 6 table of contents first (type 6 into adobe reader). If you click on the page numbers in the squares to the right - it will scroll to about the correct page (you might need to scroll one page down because of the intro page). Ch. 5 Shelter, 8 Water, 9 Food, 13 First Aid.
If you are printing - be aware that the book page numbers do not match the pdf page numbers. You may need to add 7 to the page number listed in the book (upper left corner of white page) to equal the pdf page number (see upper left corner of computer screen next to the blue up & down arrows).
ISBN-10 094248701X ISBN-13 9780942487015
From the US Dept of Health and Human Services REMM.
This is a fairly pragmatic guide intended for the general public. Probably not as comprehensive as NWSS, but a good comparison in case you are fact checking or looking for consistency.
This guide is reassuringly linked directly from the EPA's website. It is, however, intended more for military training than for the general public.
This is a good, brief guide on what to do just before and during a nuclear accident. It also covers appropriate sheltering techniques and supplies. This website in general is a good resource on nuclear preparedness, but not affiliated with any peer reviewed publication that I am aware of. The advice I have read on the Ki4u website is generally consistent with what I have read in federal government and peer reviewed resources (more so than other survival websites).
Radiation Protection Risk Assessment from the EPA
Radiation Injury bibliography for health care providers
Survive a nuclear blast list from Amazon
List of the best survival guides
A comprehensive list of all prepper books
Research guides (pathfinders):
Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson Kearney
U.S. Army Survival Handbook by the Department of the Army
In Time of Emergency: A Citizen’s Handbook on Nuclear Attack and Natural Disasters by the Department of Defense
Survival Guide: What to Do in a Biological, Chemical, or Nuclear Emergency by Angelo Dr Acquista
U.S. Armed Forces Survival Guide by John Boswell
SAS Survival Handbook by John Wiseman
This is a very good comprehensive, general survival book that covers many disaster scenarios. It focuses mainly on out of doors survival, and includes information about finding and purifying water. Page 556 - 560 has information specific to nuclear emergencies. Pages 561 - 571 cover sheltering in the home. I would recommend buying it if you are just going to buy one survival book.
How to Survive the End of the World as We Know It by James Wesley Rawles
U.S. Armed Forces Nuclear, Biological And Chemical Survival Manual by Dick Couch (Author), John Boswell (Author)
Stronger in the Broken Places by James Lee Witt and James Morgan
This book is more of a guide on how to manage a group of people or a business during a crisis. It covers maintaining a positive attitude and avoiding blame. It is very well written. The author is a former FEMA director (prior to Katrina).
Facility Manager’s Emergency Preparedness Handbook by Bernard T. Lewis and Richard Payant page 220 – 224 details nuclear blast information. The rest of the book is about protecting your business from disasters.
Other US Government associated websites on radiation emergency resources:
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