How to Find Journal Articles about What To Do In A Nuclear Crisis

Return to main home page

Open a web browser and search for your local library homepage .

If you are using a public library you can usually login using your library card or login information.

Click on databases, database finder, or research.

You will usually see a list of topics like nursing, biology, and psychology etc. When you click on the topic it shows you a list of databases your library subscribes to. Databases work like google except instead of pulling up websites they pull up journal articles.

Basic Information on all topics:

Sometimes you may see a short list of popular databases such as Ebsco Academic Search. Ebsco Academic Search (premier or other) is the basic database that covers introductory level information on many topics. You can probably find some relevant articles for the general public in this database.

Medical information on treating radiation injuries:

If you want more specific information on medical topics you might try nursing or health sciences topics. Biology or pre-med databases (Medline) are typically for a pre-med audience and covers more advanced information.

Some examples of nursing or Health Sciences databases:

Merck Manual Home Health Handbook: Radiation Injury (basic information such as you would find in a manual)

Access medicine: You might find an online text book such as Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine (Chapter 223. Radiation Terrorism), or Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine (Chapter 11. Radiation Injuries).

CINAHL with Full Text: You might find a fully online article such as "Nuclear terrorism and the problem of burns."

DynaMed: Acute radiation syndrome information


Some public libraries might subscribe to health source plus consumer edition. You might find information about dietary and homeopathy treatments for radiation exposure (especially in relation to chemotherapy).

After you open the database and type in a search term - a list of article titles should appear. Click on one of the titles for more information. If you see a link that says "full text" - click on it and the full article should pull up. At this point you can either print it out or download it.

If it does not have full text online then find the paper copy. Write down the journal title, year published, volume, issue number, page numbers and article title. Note: Journal articles are found by the journal title rather than the article title. You will search for the journal by title, then the year it was published, then volume, issue and page number. In that order.

If you are searching for an online article that you already know the citation for - just use the journal finder (from the library homepage) to locate the title of the journal. Once inside the journal listing - find the year of the publication. Then look for the volume and then issue, or by date.


Search for an item in libraries near you: >>

Don't forget to use boolean search terms: and (limits search), or (expands search), * (looks for multiple endings such as burn*, burns, burned). You can also use these to search the internet. You may also be interested in finding a bibliography on your subject. If you can't find the journal ask the librarian to order it through interlibrary loan.

Search Terms:

Radiation Injuries -- Therapy
Burns -- Therapy
Emergency Care
Burns, Chemical -- Therapy
Weapons of mass destruction -- Safety measures
Nuclear terrorism -- Safety measures
Bioterrorism -- Safety measures
Chemical terrorism -- Safety measures
Survival skills
Radiation, Nuclear Radiation, Nuclear, Nuclear Preparedness, Nuclear War, Water, Nuclear Weapon Invention, Radiation Burns, What To Do In A Nuclear Crisis, Be Ready, Cold War Event, Nuclear Blast Organization, Nuclear Preparedness Usa, Nuclear War Survival Skills, Radiation Emergency, Shower And Shelter, World War III, Clay Filter, Distillation, Distillation Removes Radiation, Emergency, Emergency Preparedness, Evacuation, First Aid, Food, How To Find Water During A Nuclear War, How To Survive A Nuclear Blast, How To Survive A Nuclear Bomb, Iodine, Nuclear Accident, Nuclear And Radiation Accidents, Nuclear Bomb, Nuclear Crisis, Nuclear Disaster, Nuclear Fema Nuclear War Survival 1985, Nuclear Radiation Usa, Nwss, Radiation Accident, Radiation Burn, Radiation Therapy, Radioactive Decay Dimension, Radiologic Event, Shelter, Supplies, Survival Skills, Usa Evacuation Routes, Water Filter

Further information:

What is the difference between a scholarly journal and a popular magazine?

Use the citation builder for your bibliography.

Example radiation articles:

Many of these articles can be found in databases intended for nursing students. Otherwise you can just search by the journal title in your library database. Most of them should be fully online.

Bairati, I. (2005). Randomized trial of antioxidant vitamins to prevent acute adverse effects of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(24),: 5805-13.

Casavant M. (2006). Check emergency department victims for radiation. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 47 (1), 120-1. Link

Chase, M., Zimmerman, R. (2002). If 'Dirty Bomb' Hits, Hospitals Must Improvise. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 239 (114), pB1. 0p.

Flynn, D., Goans, R. (2006). Nuclear terrorism: triage and medical management of radiation and combined-injury casualties. Surgical Clinics of North America, 86 (3), 601-36. (link)

Funabashi, Y., Kitazawa, K. (2012). Fukushima in review: A complex disaster, a disastrous response. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 68(2), 9-21. 13.

Hamada, N., Ogino, H. (2012). Food safety regulations: what we learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 111 (September), 83-99 (link)

Harrison T., Gustafson, E., & Dixon, J. (2003). Radiologic emergency: protecting schoolchildren & the public. American Journal of Nursing, 103(5), 41-50. link

Jargin, S. (2012). Hormesis and radiation safety norms. Human & Experimental Toxicology, 31(7), 671-675.

Kinsley, M. (2006). Spare tactics: advances in radiation therapy include techniques that help keep surrounding tissue healthy. Nursing Spectrum, 18A (17), 10-1.

Koenig, G., Goans, R., Hatchett, R., Mettler, F., Schumacher T., Noji, E., & Jarrett, D., (2005). Medical Treatment of Radiological Casualties: Current Concepts. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 45(6). Link

Kumar, P. (1994). A review of triage and management of burns victims following a nuclear disaster. Burns, 20(5), 397-402. Link

Laurent, C. (1990). Disaster triage of massive casualties from thermonuclear detonation. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 16(4), 248-51.

(1985). Tincture of iodine keeps radiation away. (possible home remedy in event of nuclear plant mishap). Science News. Dec 7, 128 p360(1). link to article

Miller, K. (1989). Effectiveness of skin absorption of tincture of I in blocking radioiodine from the human thyroid gland. Health Physics, 56(6), 911-4. link to article

Schipper, D. (2005). Pills that protect you.(Cesium and Potassium iodide in radiography). Men's Health, 20(7), 138.

Splete, H. (2003). Handling a nuclear incident: potassium iodide. (Some Regional Distribution Plans in Place). Internal Medicine News, 36(8). p8(1).

Tagami, K., Uchida, S. (2011). Can we remove iodine-131 from tap water in Japan by boiling?. Experimental testing in response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident Chemosphere, 84(9), 1282-1284 (link) (NO you cannot)

Udeani, J., Aguilera, P. (2002). Management of nuclear casualties. Topics in Emergency Medicine, 24(2), 40-6, 79-82. link You might find this journal listed under Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal.


1-800-BE-READY (1-800-237-3239)

"The public response should be 'shelter and shower'. Sheltering (particularly at home) is prudent early in a radiologic event, because families congregate at home and showers, clean clothing, food, and water are available. Sheltering also provides authorities time to assess the situation more completely. Evacuation might be indicated later for people in some locations, depending on the specific situation and the extended dose estimates. In other locations, remaining sheltered may result in lower radiation exposure." (Flynn & Goans, 2006) buy article / find in library

FAQs from the CDC |Limit contamination skip to audio version

Download and print a pamphlet with some basic information



Please download and print this web page in case the internet is no longer accessible

Audio versions: (Short Film) - (Long Film pt1) - (Long Film pt2)

- (Clean Water Film pt3) - (Shelter Film pt4)

Download NWSS Survival Manual (27 MB) - Download Adobe Reader or skip to the basics

Hotlines for information:

• CDC at 1-800-CDC-INFO
• 1-800-BE-READY or 1-202-282-8000, 1-202-447-3543 TTY
• The Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Public Affairs can be contacted at 1-301-415-8200
• The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) can be reached at 1-800- 621-FEMA / TTY (800) 462-7585
• The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site at 865.576.1005 (Ask for REAC/TS)
• The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at 1-800-DIAL-DOE


Research on Nuclear Radiation & Effects

Best links:
Frequently Asked Questions About A Nuclear Blast
How You Can Limit Contamination

Good general overview information:
News & Terrorism Communicating in a Crisis - A fact Sheet from the national academies and the US department of homeland security - Nuclear Attack
Are you ready? Nuclear Blast

More in-depth information:
Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation by Federal interagency committee led by the Executive Office of the President & FEMA
EPA or Search

The Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex (NRIA) to the National Response Framework (NRF)
Describes the policies etc of the Federal departments involving release of radioactive materials to address the consequences of the event.

Nuclear War Survival Skills from the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW)

Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors
See link for publications


Radiation Emergency Management (game plans)

Population Monitoring Guide (how to manage a radiation emergency)

Message templates for the first few hours of a nuclear weapon emergency

Dirty bomb message

Responding to a Radiological Dispersal Device

Emergency Communication and Information Issues in Terrorist Events Involving Radioactive Materials -

Trouble shooting the public’s response to radiologic emergency procedures (instructions they don’t understand or do not follow)
What does shelter in place mean?
Travelling to get children instead of sheltering in place.
Reactions of Prayer, helplessness, confusion, fatalism, or futility.

RAD Resilient City - City preparedness for a nuclear situation

During a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

State and Local Planners Playbook for Medical Response to a Nuclear Detonation


Hospital and health care provider emergency procedures

Radiation Emergency Medical Management guidance on diagnosis and treatment for health care providers from the US dept of health and human services

The above website has well organized categories of information specifically for health care providers dealing with radiation and radiation burns.

Health Physics Considerations in Medical Radiation Emergencies

An overview of health physics in a radiological emergency (co-author Ken Miller also did studies on topical iodine and radiation uptake)

Nuclear terrorism: triage and medical management of radiation and combined-injury casualties. (includes abstract) Flynn DF; Surgical Clinics of North America, 2006 Jun; 86 (3): 601-36 (link)

Management of nuclear casualties. Udeani JC; Topics in Emergency Medicine, 2002 Jun; 24 (2): 40-6, 79-82 (link)

State and Local Planners Playbook for Medical Response to a Nuclear Detonation

Quotes from above articles


Survival guides to download - these are the most comprehensive I have found.

Nuclear War Survival Skills is widely thought to be one of the best overall (free) guides to nuclear war survival. You can download a copy of NWSS as a 27 MB PDF from a number of different sources.

NWSS is a published book by Cresson H. Kearny who has a BS in Civil Engineering from Princeton and an MS in Geology from Oxford University. NWSS was originally published by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the U.S. Department of Energy.

It is available for purchase, but also free to download as a pdf. The author worked for Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the time of publication. More about Cresson Kearney
"He was first of all concerned with expediency and with testing. He would only put his name on something that he knew worked and that would be of use by ordinary people without specialized equipment... He strove to be productive as long as he was conscious. His life was full of purpose; our survival, should the worst come to pass."

It is very comprehensive and has alot of practical information for a person already involved in a nuclear / radiation incident. Since it is over 300 pages long I would recommend choosing select chapters to print out.

Printing instructions: It may be easier to just print from the menu of the website version.

Recommended chapters to start with:

Chapter 5: Shelter or Ch 5 pdf

Chapter 8: Water or Ch 8 pdf

Chapter 9: Food or Ch 9 pdf

Chapter 13: First Aid or Ch 13 pdf

Index - See lower left menu

For the PDF: See page 6 table of contents first (type 6 into adobe reader). If you click on the page numbers in the squares to the right - it will scroll to about the correct page (you might need to scroll one page down because of the intro page). Ch. 5 Shelter, 8 Water, 9 Food, 13 First Aid.

If you are printing - be aware that the book page numbers do not match the pdf page numbers. You may need to add 7 to the page number listed in the book (upper left corner of white page) to equal the pdf page number (see upper left corner of computer screen next to the blue up & down arrows).

Search for alternate download links. Also available from Google books and Amazon.

ISBN-10 094248701X ISBN-13 9780942487015

Nuclear Detonation Preparedness - Communicating in the Immediate Aftermath

From the US Dept of Health and Human Services REMM.

FEMA Nuclear War Survival 1985

This is a fairly pragmatic guide intended for the general public. Probably not as comprehensive as NWSS, but a good comparison in case you are fact checking or looking for consistency.

Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation or here or Amazon

This guide is reassuringly linked directly from the EPA's website. It is, however, intended more for military training than for the general public.

Ki4u Guide on Nuclear Accident Preparation pdf or html

This is a good, brief guide on what to do just before and during a nuclear accident. It also covers appropriate sheltering techniques and supplies. This website in general is a good resource on nuclear preparedness, but not affiliated with any peer reviewed publication that I am aware of. The advice I have read on the Ki4u website is generally consistent with what I have read in federal government and peer reviewed resources (more so than other survival websites).


Radiation Protection Risk Assessment from the EPA

Radiation Injury bibliography for health care providers

Survive a nuclear blast list from Amazon

List of the best survival guides

A comprehensive list of all prepper books


Research guides (pathfinders):
Radiation research - see articles, books, online resources and scientific reports


This is a good listing of books on nuclear survival

Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson Kearney

U.S. Army Survival Handbook by the Department of the Army

In Time of Emergency: A Citizen’s Handbook on Nuclear Attack and Natural Disasters by the Department of Defense

Life after doomsday: A survivalist guide to nuclear war and other major disasters by Bruce D Clayton

Survival Guide: What to Do in a Biological, Chemical, or Nuclear Emergency by Angelo Dr Acquista

U.S. Armed Forces Survival Guide by John Boswell

SAS Survival Handbook by John Wiseman

This is a very good comprehensive, general survival book that covers many disaster scenarios. It focuses mainly on out of doors survival, and includes information about finding and purifying water. Page 556 - 560 has information specific to nuclear emergencies. Pages 561 - 571 cover sheltering in the home. I would recommend buying it if you are just going to buy one survival book.

How to Survive the End of the World as We Know It by James Wesley Rawles

U.S. Armed Forces Nuclear, Biological And Chemical Survival Manual by Dick Couch (Author), John Boswell (Author)

Stronger in the Broken Places by James Lee Witt and James Morgan

This book is more of a guide on how to manage a group of people or a business during a crisis. It covers maintaining a positive attitude and avoiding blame. It is very well written. The author is a former FEMA director (prior to Katrina).

Facility Manager’s Emergency Preparedness Handbook by Bernard T. Lewis and Richard Payant page 220 – 224 details nuclear blast information. The rest of the book is about protecting your business from disasters.


Other US Government associated websites on radiation emergency resources:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention: ,
Department of Homeland Security:
Department of Energy: .
Environmental Protection Agency: ,
Nuclear Regulatory Commission:, FAQ page
Federal Emergency Management Agency: .
Department of Justice: .
Federal Bureau of Investigation: .
Department of Health and Human Services: .
Transportation Security Administration: .
National Nuclear Security Administration: .
Radiation Accident Assistance Center

Back to top of page


SAS Survival Handbook by John Wiseman

Online resources:

American Red Cross



Nuclear War Survival Skills 27.2 MB (alternate link - this takes a while to download and is about 28 MB), also available in website format.

FEMA Nuclear War Survival

Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation or here


Details - abstracts of medical articles and citations. These may be of interest to medical professionals.




The materials and other information provided by these pages are for educational, communication and information purposes only and are not intended to replace or constitute medical advice or treatments.
The author intends that the information contained in these pages be accurate. Errors sometimes occur. Therefore, the author disclaims any warranty of any kind, whether express or implied, as to any matter whatsoever relating to this service or information, including without limitation merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. In no event shall the author be liable for any indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages arising out of any use of or reliance on any content or materials contained herein.
The author does not assume and hereby disclaims any and all liability to any person or entity for any claims, damages, liability or other loss including, without limitation, any liability for injury or other damage resulting from any use of or reliance on this service or from the posting of any content or material by any third party. No use of, or reliance on, any materials included in this document or website shall be deemed to give rise to a physician-patient relationship. No material included in this site shall be deemed to present the only or necessarily the best method or procedure with respect to a matter discussed on this service; rather, any such material shall be acknowledged as only the approach or opinion of the discussant. The users assume all risks of using the materials included in this document or website.

This website provides links to other Internet sites only for the convenience of World Wide Web users. The author and host of this website is not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor does RCIP endorse, warrant or guarantee the products, services or information described or offered at these other Internet sites. It is the responsibility of the user to examine the copyright and licensing restrictions of linked pages and to secure all necessary permission.

The information at RCIP provides general summary information for the public. Information at RCIP does not supersede, preempt, or replace statutes, regulations, or other aspects of federal law. If copyrighted content, documents, images, or other materials appear at RCIP, it will be noted, and the copyright holder should be consulted before that material is reproduced.



Back to top of page

You are now leaving the nuclear emergency page.

Katrina links:

Missing persons hotlines|Missing persons online sites |Government recovery and missing persons sites |How to help|How to get help|Evacuation routes|Weather forecasts|Counseling|Rape Crisis Information|Earthquake and tsunami west coast


Homepage|Research|Crisis Information|Hotlines




Please select a topic from the menu



Cite this resource

Clear your computer history

Last updated 6/7/14 About.Contact

Find Journal Articles on this subject

Created by

Home|Finding books at the library|Encyclopedias and Dictionaries|Biographies|Books on healing|Statistics|Websites |Films|Journals and articles|Bibliographies|Online Libraries|Victim blame|Theories|Privacy|Grants|Crisis hotlines|Crisis Information |Rape crisis sites|Rape crisis centers|Help rape victims|Message boards|Suicide hotlines|Louisiana|N.C. rape crisis| Victim Assistance|Effects of rape|Health|Therapy|Medical|Lesbian sexual assault|Feminist|Petitions|War and rape|Partners|Male survivors|Created by|More Information|Blog|Community



Search this site

hosted by ibiblio

The author is not responsible for any contents linked or referred to from his or her pages - unless s/he has full knowledge of illegal contents and would be able to prevent the visitors of his site from viewing those pages. If any damage occurs by the use of information presented there, only the author of the respective pages might be liable, not the one who has linked to these pages. Furthermore the author is not liable for any postings or messages published by users of discussion boards, guestbooks or mailinglists provided on his or her page. The author is not a psychiatrist or physician / medical doctor or legal attorney of any sort. This website is not intended to replace medical, psychiatric or legal care. Please seek professional attention as needed.The Information provided is not intended to replace obtaining medical evaluations and health care advice from qualified health care providers. This site's owners are providing Information for reference only, and do not intend said Information to be used for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions, or for any other purposes.The owner/author of this site MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF SAID INFORMATION, OR THE FITNESS OF THE INFORMATION TO BE USED FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, LOSS, EXPENSE, OR DAMAGE OF ANY KIND TO USER, OR TO ANY THIRD PARTY, RELATED TO THE USE OF SAID INFORMATION. Persons accessing any Information of the rape crisis information web site, directly or indirectly, assume full responsibility for the use of the Information and understand and agree that the author of rape crisis information is not responsible or liable for any claim, loss, or damage arising from the use of said Information.


pagerank button