Lighthouses of China: Southwestern Hǎinán

The island of Hǎinán, together with some much smaller islands, forms the southernmost and smallest province of China; its name means "South Sea." The island is about 300 km (190 mi) long from northeast to southwest and about 175 km (110 mi) wide at its widest point. The east side of the island faces the South China Sea and the west side faces the Gulf of Tonkin. Hǎinán is separated from the Léizhōu Peninsula of Guǎngdōng province by the 30 km (19 mi) wide Qióngzhōu Strait. Hǎikǒu, facing the strait, is the capital and largest city. The population of the island is more than 8 million. Hǎinán was governed historically as part of Guǎngdōng but it became a separate province in 1988.

The major ports in Hǎinán include Xiùyīng at Hǎikǒu on the north coast, Sānyà on the south coast, and Bāsuǒ at Dōngfāng on the west coast.

The Xīshā (Paracel) Islands are attached to Hǎinán province and China also considers the Spratly (Nánshā) Islands to be part of the province.

This page describes lighthouse on the south and west coasts of Hǎinán. The remainder of the island is covered by the Northeastern Hǎinán page.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations; Hǎinán is one of the four regions. The Hǎinán Maritime Safety Administration is responsible for the island's lighthouses.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Lighthouses in Hǎinán
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
GPSNavigationCharts
Navigation chart information for Hǎinán.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Yulinjiao Light
Yúlínjiǎo Light, Dōngfāng, May 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by David Schroeter

South Coast (South China Sea) Lighthouses

Sānyà City Lighthouses
Hòuhǎilǐng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 95 m (312 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round tapered concrete tower with double gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles colored white with two narrow red horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at Hòuhǎi, a small fishing port about 20 km (13 mi) east of Sānyà. Site status unknown. CN-5067; Admiralty P3348.9.
Hòuhǎi East Breakwater
Date unknown. Inactive. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round white concrete tower centered on a large round concrete base; a stairway winds around the tower. A distant view is available and Google has a satellite view. The light has been replaced by a post light on the west breakwater. Located on the east breakwater of Hòuhǎi, a small fishing port. Site status unknown.
Dōngzhōudǎo (Dōngzhōu Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 123 m (404 ft); white flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles colored white with two narrow red horizontal bands on the gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Yàlóng Bay, east of Jǐnmǔ Jiǎo, has been designated a National Resort Area. Located on an island at the east entrance to the bay, about 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Jǐnmǔ Jiǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-5072; Admiralty P3348.93; NGA 20198.
Yězhūdǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 97 m (318 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty lists the tower height as 4 m (13 ft), but the satellite view clearly shows a taller tower. Located on an island in Yàlóng Bay northwest of Dōngzhōudǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3348.96.
* St. Regis Sānyà Yàlóng Bay Resort Marina
2014. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red flash every 4 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of the marina, on the northwest side of the Yàlóng Bay. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: St. Regis Sānyà Yàlóng Bay Resort Marina. CN-5073.41; Admiralty P3348.975.
* Jǐnmǔjiǎo (Jǐnmǔ Jiǎo) (2)
1995 (station established 1960). Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); white flash every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and six ribs. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles colored white with red trim and red on the ribs. Lantern roof painted red. MSA's photo is at right, a closeup photo, a 2003 photo and a more distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. Jǐnmǔ Jiǎo was called Cape Rhinoceros by early Western navigators, presumably because the great rock at the tip of the point resembles a rhino's horn from a distance. It is the southernmost tip of Hǎinán, surrounded by a wild and forested area. (Except for remote islands in the South China Sea, this is also the southernmost point of China.) Located on a ridge above the cape, about 18 km (11 mi) south of Sānyà. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS PRC-035; CN-5074; Admiralty P3349; NGA 20196.
Jinmujiao Light
Jǐnmǔjiǎo Light, Sānyà
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
[Sānyà Jiǎo]
2008. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); three white flashes every 9 s. 8 m (26 ft) post painted with red and white horizontal bands. Allen Jiang has a view from the sea, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a steep bluff at the entrance to Sānyà harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3352; NGA 20194.7.
* Lùhuítóu (Qingren) Wān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); quick-flashing white light. 18 m (59 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. A 2012 photo is at right, a panoramic view is available, Allen Jiang has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of a small boat harbor on the Lùhuítóu Peninsula about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Sānyà. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. CN-5087.51; Admiralty P3351.3.
* Sānyà Range Front (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous red light. 18 m (59 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse colored white with red trim and a black vertical stripe on the range line; there is also a triangular red daymark, point up, atop the tower. A photo is available and Bing has a satellite view. The rear light, mounted on a nearby building, was deactivated in 2018. Located on the waterfront of Sānyà. Site open, tower closed. CN-5089; Admiralty P3351; NGA 20195.5.
* Sānyà Gǎng International Passenger Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 11 m (36 ft) square skeletal tower. An indistinct view from the sea is available and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the cruise ship terminal of Sānyà harbor. Site open, tower closed. CN-5088.4; Admiralty P3350.55.
Sānyà Reef (Báipái)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with three galleries. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Formerly located at the end of a reef, but in 2017 the International Passenger Pier was extended to the reef bringing the lighthuse to the edge of the extended pier. Site status unknown. CN-5088; Admiralty P3350.5; NGA 20195.

Lùhuítóu Wān Light, Sānyà, February 2012
ex-Google Plus photo by p. pc高手
Hóngtáng Gǎng Range Front
Date unknown. Inactive since 2019. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west end of a pier at an industrial harbor about 40 km (25 mi) west of Sānyà. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3350.3.
Hóngtáng Gǎng Range Rear
Date unknown. Inactive since 2019. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located onshore about 300 m (0.2 mi) northwest of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3350.31.
Xīmàodǎo (Xīmào Zhōu, Hsi-mei Chou) (2)
1960 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 137 m (450 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) rectangular concrete tower with gallery and six decorative ribs. Lighthouse painted white (or covered with white ceramic tiles). Google has a fuzzy satellite view of the station. Xīmào Zhōu is a popular resort island in the South China Sea southwest of Sānyà. Located atop the island, about 5 km (3 mi) off the south coast and 25 km (15 mi) west of Sānyà. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-5100; Admiralty P3350; NGA 20194.
Yázhōu Wān East Side
2010. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 34 m (112 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from an octagonal base. The lighthouse is white, lantern red. A February 2010 photo of this handsome new lighthouse is available, Wikimedia has Tanya Dedyukhina's photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off a promontory on the south side of Gǎngmén Gǎng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-5100.9; Admiralty P3350.4; NGA 20194.6.
* Yázhōu Wān Gǎngxī (West Harbor)
2017. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 8 s. 29 m (95 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. We need a photo of this new major lighthouse! Located on the west side of the entrance to the Yázhōu Wān harbor about 40 km (25 mi) west of Sānyà. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3350.47.
Xīgǔdǎo (Xīgǔ Dǎo, Hsi-ku Tao, West Drum Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 89 m (292 ft); white flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles colored white with narrow red vertical stripes. A 2016 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 5 km (3 mi) off the southwestern coast of Hǎinán and 25 km (15 mi) west of Yáchéng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-5102; Admiralty P3356; NGA 20192.

Lèdōng County Lighthouse
* Yīnggēzuǐ (Yīnggē Zuǐ) (2)
1992 (station established 1951). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 27 m (89 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and six ribs. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof is red. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Hǎinán in Yīnggēhǎizhèn. Site open, tower closed. CN-5104; Admiralty P3357; NGA 20188.
Yinggezui Light
Yīnggēzuǐ Light, Yīnggēhǎizhèn, 2004
PRC MSA Hǎinán Office photo

West Coast (Gulf of Tonkin) Lighthouses

Dōngfāng City Lighthouses
Gǎn'ēnjiǎo (Gǎn'ēn Jiǎo, Kanen Chaio, Thanksgiving Point) (2)
1996 (station established 1951). Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white flash every 6 s. 47 m (154 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. MSA's photo is at right and Google has a good satellite view. Located on a point of land at Gǎnchéngzhèn, about 35 km (22 mi) south of Dōngfāng. Site status unknown. CN-5107; Admiralty P3357.5; NGA 20184.
* Yúlínjiǎo (Yúlín Jiǎo, Dōngfāng)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 62 m (203 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, except the base is unpainted stone. David Schroeter's photo is at the top of this page, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a huge rock rising from the beach at the westernmost point of Hǎinán, just west of Bāsuǒ Gǎng. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3337; NGA 20164.
Bāsuǒ Gǎng West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted green. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Bāsuǒ Gǎng. Site status unknown. CN-5112; Admiralty P3337.3; NGA 20180.
Bāsuǒ Gǎng North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red flash every 3 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Bāsuǒ Gǎng. Site status unknown. CN-5113; Admiralty P3337.1; NGA 20176.
* Bāsuǒ Gǎng Range Front (2)
1997 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous red light. 15 m (49 ft) concrete tower, painted white, with a black vertical stripe and a large black upward pointing arrow facing the range line. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Bāsuǒ Gǎng is the harbor of Dōngfāng. Located on the waterfront east of the harbor. Site open, tower closed. CN-5109; Admiralty P3337.6; NGA 20168.
Bāsuǒ Gǎng Range Rear (2)
1997 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); continuous red light. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical brick tower, painted white, with a black vertical stripe and a large black downward pointing arrow facing the range line. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located 260 m (850 ft) east of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-5110; Admiralty P3337.61; NGA 20172.
Ganenjiao Light
Gǎn'ēnjiǎo Light, Ganchengzhen
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Bāsuǒ Xīngǎng (New Harbor)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located off the harbor basin about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northeast of the original harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3337.82.
Bāsuǒ Xīngǎng Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of the new harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3337.84.
Sìgèng Shā
2007. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 34 m (112 ft) round white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available but Bing has a good satellite view. Located about 3 km (2 mi) off a sand spit at Sìgèngzhèn. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3337.89; NGA 20162.

Chāngjiāng County Lighthouse
Jùnbìjiǎo (Jùnbì Jiǎo)
1997. Active; focal plane 96 m (315 ft); white flash every 8 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 35 km (22 mi) north of Dōngfāng. Site status unknown. CN-5119; Admiralty P3338.2; NGA 20160.

Dānzhōu City Lighthouses
Guānyīnjiǎo (Guānyīn Jiǎo, Kuan-yin Chiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (203 ft); three white flashes every 9 s. 25 m (82 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery and a round watch room structure. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles colored white narrow red vertical stripes. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located on heights behind a headland about 50 km (30 mi) northeast of Dōngfāng and 35 km (22 mi) southwest of Yángpǔ. Site status unknown. CN-5123; Admiralty P3338.4; NGA 20156.
Dàchánjiāo Northeast
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 5 km (3 mi) off the entrance to Yángpǔ harbor. Admiralty P3338.52.
#Yángpǔ Gǎng Range Front (1)
Date unknown. Removed in 2014. This was a 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with a large square watch room structure, painted white and mounted on a square concrete platform supported by piles. No photo available and the light has disappeared from Google's satellite view. Formerly located in the entrance to Yángpǔ harbor.
Yángpǔ Gǎng Range Front (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous red light. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower also carries a triangular daymark, point up. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located in the commerical dockyard of Yángpǔ harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-5132; Admiralty P3338.74.
#Yángpǔ Gǎng Range Rear (1)
Date unknown. Removed in 2014. This was a 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with a large square watch room structure, painted white and mounted on a square concrete platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Formerly located in the entrance to Yángpǔ harbor, about 800 m (1/2 mi) northeast of the front light.
Yángpǔ Gǎng Range Rear (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); continuous red light. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower also carries a triangular daymark, point down. No photo available and the light has disappeared from Google's satellite view. Located about 600 m (3/8 mi) northeast of the front light. Site and tower closed. CN-5133; Admiralty P3338.741.
Guanyinjiao Light
Guānyīnjiǎo Light, Danzhou, 2004
PRC MSA Hǎinán Office photo
Yángpǔjiǎo (Yángpǔ Jiǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, probably painted red. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a small island on the north side of the entrance to Yángpǔ harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3338.7.
 
Bīngmǎjiǎo (Bīngmǎ Jiǎo, Yángpǔ Point) (2)
1995 (station established 1951). Inactive. 41 m (135 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and six ribs. Lighthouse painted white with red vertical stripes along the ribs; lantern painted red. Roy Ding has a December 2017 photo showing both the old and new lighthouses and Google has a satellite view. The first light was an 8 m (26 ft) stone tower. Located on a bluff near Émàn on the northwestern coast of Hǎinán. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-010.
Bīngmǎjiǎo (Bīngmǎ Jiǎo, Yángpǔ Point) (3)
2017 (?) (station established 1951). Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); white flash every 6 s. 41 m (135 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern atop a round observation room. Lighthouse painted white; lantern painted red. Roy Ding has a December 2017 photo showing both the old and new lighthouses and Google has a satellite view. Located a few meters north of the previous lighthouse. Site status unknown. CN-5044; Admiralty P3339; NGA 20152.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northeastern Hǎinán | South: Xīshā (Paracel Islands) | West: Northern Vietnam

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted February 11, 2009. Checked and revised January 14, 2020. Lighthouses: 36. Site copyright 2020 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.