Lighthouses of Ecuador: Galápagos
The Galápagos Islands are a group of volcanic islands stretched
along the Equator in the easternmost Pacific Ocean, about 750 km (475 mi) due west of the mainland of Ecuador.
The archipelago was annexed by Ecuador in 1832 and the first settlements were made in that year. In 1959 the islands were made a national park. Famous for exotic scenery and even more exotic wildlife, the islands quickly became a
popular tourist destination. In order to support this tourism the permanent population has increased to about 25,000.
The islands have been officially renamed the Archipiélago de Colón (Columbus Islands), although this name is rarely used outside the country. Politically, however, the islands are organized as Galápagos Province.
There are no historic lighthouses in the Galápagos, but in recent years several small lights have been built. Additional information and photos of these lights would be welcome.
Aids to navigation in Ecuador are owned by the Navy (Armada
del Ecuador) and maintained by the Departamento
de Ayudas a Navegación of the Navy's Instituto Oceanográfico. The Spanish word for a lighthouse is faro.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume G of the
Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers
are from Publication 111.
- General sources
- Online List of Lights - Archipiélago de Colón
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. Most of the Galápagos photos are by Arno Siering.
- From their Phares du Monde
web site, Alain Guyomard and Robert Carceller have photos of four lights in
- World of Lighthouses - Equador
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Lighthouses in Galapagos
- Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
- Navigational chart information for the Galápagos.
Playaman Light, Isla San Cristóbal, August 2007
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Iris Diensthuber
- Isla San Cristóbal Lighthouses
- Note: San Cristóbal is the easternmost of the islands and geologically the oldest; Cerro San Joaquin, the extinct volcano that formed the island, rises to a height of 730 m (2395 ft). Puerto Barquerizo Moreno, on the southwestern coast of the island, is the provincial capital; it has a population of about 5600.
- Cerro Colorado (Colorado Mountain, Cerro San Joaquin)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 199 m (653 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Google has a distant street view, and Bing has a satellite view. This is the landfall light for the islands, guiding vessels arriving from Ecuador. Located on the eastern slope of Cerro San Joaquin. Site status unknown, but there's a view from a nearby national park visitor center, the Galapaguera de Cerro Colorado. Site manager: Parque Nacional de Galápagos. ARLHS GAL-001; Admiralty G3104; NGA 0333.
- * Punta Malamoco
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two flashes every 10 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 7 m (23 ft) square pyramidal metal tower painted in a red and white checkered pattern and mounted atop
a 2-story building. Diego Nuñez has a great street view, and Bing has a satellite view. This directional light guides vessels into the harbor. Guyomard and Carceller have older photos misidentified as the Patricia Hill Light (Admiralty G3102). Located across from a quay on the waterfront of Puerto Barquerizo Moreno. Site
open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-012; Admiralty G3103; NGA 0334.
- * Playa Man (Playaman,
San Cristóbal) (2)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 8 m (26 ft); white flash
every 6 s. Approx. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical tower with lantern
and gallery, painted yellow with red trim and a red band around
the gallery. Iris Diensthuber's photo is at the top of this page, Pat Young has a photo, a panoramic view of the lighthouse and harbor is also available, and Google has a sea view and a satellite
view. NGA formerly listed a very small light at this location. Located on a rocky point north
of Puerto Barquerizo Moreno near the southwestern tip of the island.
Site open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-013; Admiralty G3101.5; NGA 0329.
- * Punta Lido (Playa Carola)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); one long (1.5 s) white flash every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted red with one white horizontal band. Santiago Hidalgo has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view and a street view from the nearby beach. Located on a promontory at the northern entrance to the bay of Puerto Barquerizo Moreno, the principal settlement on the island. Accessible by a short hike from the town. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-011; Admiralty G3101; NGA 0328.
Isla Española Lighthouse
- Note: Española is a small, uninhabited island about 55 km (35 mi) south of San Cristóbal.
Suarez (Española) (2)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes
every 12 s. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped metal tower,
formerly painted with black and yellow horizontal bands but now listed as black with a red horizontal band. Brian Chow's photo is at right, Trabas has Eckhard Meyer's photo, Richard Gleick has a photo, Fritz Stugren has
a sunset view taken from the sea is also available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a much smaller fiberglass
light with a focal plane of 6 m (20 ft) at this location. Located at the western tip of the island. Accessible only by boat.
Site open, tower closed. Admiralty G3105; NGA 0370.2.
Punta Suarez Light, Isla Española, November 2010
Flickr photo copyright Brian Chow; used by permission
Isla Baltra and Isla Santa Cruz Lighthouses
- Note: Santa Cruz is an elliptical island at the center of the archipelago; Cerro Crocker, the dormant volcano that formed the island, rises to a height of 864 m (2835 ft). Puerto Ayora, on the southern coast of the island, is the largest settlement of the archipelago; it has a population of about 12,000. Baltra is a smaller, relatively flat island just off the north coast of Santa Cruz. The U.S. established an airbase on Baltra during World War II and this airport remains one of the two airports of the islands.
- Aeolian (2)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); two long (1.5 s) white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) triangular steel skeletal tower, painted red. The top of the tower carries a daymark in the form of five red horizontal bars. Trabas has Arno Siering's photo (also seen at right) and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists an 8 m (26 ft) fiberglass tower at this location. Located on a cape on the northwestern coast of Baltra. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty G3108; NGA 0356.
- Isla Baltra
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) square concrete tower painted in a black and white checkered pattern. Trabas has Arno Siering's distant photo, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located in heavy brush on the northwest coast of Isla Baltra. Site status unknown. ARLHS GAL-002; Admiralty G3108; NGA 0344.
- * Puerto
Ayora (Bahía Academy, Isla Santa Cruz) (3)
- 2010. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two yellow flashes
every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) triangular steel skeletal tower, painted red. The top of the tower carries a daymark in the form of four red horizontal bars. Trabas has Arno Siering's photo and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. NGA formerly listed a 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower here, and before that it listed a "metal structure."
Puerto Ayora, on the southern side
of the Isla de Santa Cruz, is the largest settlement in the Galápagos.
Bahía Academy (Academy Bay) is the name of its harbor. Located on Punta Estrada, a rocky point on the west side of the harbor.
Site open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-005; Admiralty G3107; NGA 0360.
- * Puerto
Ayora Water Tower
- Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 49 m (161 ft); one long (1.5 s) yellow flash every 10 s. 24 m (79 ft) concrete column supporting a drum-shaped water tank. Tank painted red. Trabas has Arno Siering's photo and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This light was dropped from the Admiralty list in November 2018 but the light probably remains active. Located at the western edge of Puerto Ayora. Site open, tower closed. ex-Admiralty G3107.1; NGA 0362.
Aeolian Light, Isla Baltra
photo copyright Arno Siering; used by permission
- Punta Estrada
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 7 m round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower colored with red and yellow horizontal bands. Wikimedia has Diego Delso's photo and a second photo by David Adam Kess, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory at the southern entrance to Bahía Academy. Site status unknown. Admiralty G3106.5; NGA 0352.
Isla Santiago Lighthouses
- Note: Santiago is an uninhabited island northwest of Isla Santa Cruz. Covered by lava flows from two dormant volcanos, it is quite rugged.
- Isla Santiago (2)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes
every 12 s. 7 m (23 ft) round hourglass-shaped metal tower,
painted with black and yellow horizontal bands. Trabas has Arno Siering's closeup photo (also seen at right) a 2007 photo is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Both the Admiralty and NGA formerly listed a much smaller light for this location. Located near the western tip of the island. Accessible only by boat.
Site open, tower closed. Admiralty G3111.5; NGA 0369.
Isla Floreana Lighthouse
- Note: Floreana is a small, relatively flat island located south of Santiago and southeast of Isabela. Its only settlement is the village of Puerto Velasco Ibarra, on the west coast; the population is about 100.
- #Puerto Velasco Ibarra (2)
- Date unknown. Removed in 2010. This was an approx. 20 m (66 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted red and carrying a daymark of four horizontal bars. Google's sea view confirms the removal of the light. Formerly located just off the beach in Puerto Velasco Ibarra.
- * Puerto Velasco Ibarra (3)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes
every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) round concrete tower, painted white with a red horizontal band. Trabas has Eckhard Meyer's photo and Google has a sea view and a distant satellite view. Located on the waterfront in Puerto Velasco Ibarra.
Site open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-014; Admiralty G3114; NGA 0340.
Isla Santiago Light, Isla Santiago
photo copyright Arno Siering; used by permission
Isla Isabela Lighthouse
- Note: Isabela is an the largest island of the Galápagos, located near the western end of the group. Sitting over the "hot spot," the island has two active volcanos. Most of the island is rugged and deserted. Puerto Villamil, at the southern end of the island, is the third largest town of the archipelago with a population of about 2000.
- * Puerto General Villamil (2)
- 2010. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes
every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted red and carrying a daymark of four horizontal bars. Trabas has Eckhard Meyer's photo, and Felipe Neira Ochoa has a distant street view from the town, but the light has not been found in Google's satellite view of the listed location. NGA formerly listed a 9 m (30 ft) tower. Located just off the beach on the west side of Puerto Villamil.
Site open, tower closed. ARLHS GAL-008; Admiralty G3113; NGA 0364.
Notable faux lighthouse:
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Posted October 22, 2012. Checked and revised July 31, 2019. Lighthouses:
14. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill.