Lighthouses of Indonesia: Southwestern Java

Indonesia has been independent since 1945 after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The island of Java (Jawa in Indonesian) is the heart of the country and home to 57% of the population. In fact, with more than 140 million residents it is the world's most populous island. The national capital, Jakarta, is on the northwestern coast of Java.

Indonesia is divided into 34 provinces (provinsi) and the provinces are subdivided into county units called regencies (kabupaten). This page includes lighthouses of the southwestern and western coasts of Java, including the south coast of West Java Province and Banten Province at the west end of island. (West Java Province has two coasts: a north coast facing the Java Sea and a south coast facing the Indian Ocean; the north coast is covered on the Northern Java page.)

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, bukit is a hill or bluff, sungai or kali is a river, pantai is a beach, pulau or gili is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, teluk is a bay, and pelabuhan is a port or harbor.

The original Dutch names of historic lighthouses, if known, are shown in curly brackets {}.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Maritime Transportation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Leuchttürme in Indonesien
Photos posted by Andreas Köhler.
Lighthouses in Indonesia
Wikimedia photos, including a collection of historic photos from the collection of the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Asiens, Australiens, und Ozeaniens auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Legok Light, Tasikmalaya Regency, August 2018
ex-Google Plus photo by Ricky Rianto

West Java Province South Coast Lighthouses

Pangandaran Regency Lighthouses
* Cikadang Fishery Port
2017. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square concrete tower rising from a 1-story concrete base. Hendri Yana has a May 2017 photo showing the lighthouse under construction and Google has a 2020 street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located at a small fishing port on the northeast side of Pangandaran. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1278.3.
* Pangandaran (Teluk Penanjung)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square platform supported by concrete piles. Dony Lay has a photo, Dikdik Hernadi has a photo, and Teuku Ikram has a street view from a nearby pier, but the lighthouse is hard to find in Google's fuzzy satellite view. Pangandaran is a beach resort town; it is connected by a narrow isthmus to a nature reserve on the Penanjung Pangandaran (Pangandaran Peninsula). Located just off the beach on the east side of the isthmus in Pangandaran. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1278.2; NGA 23869.
* Teluk Parigi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Hilman Taofik Hidayah has a 2018 photo and Google has a satellite view. Located just off the beach at Parigi, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Pangandaran. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1278; NGA 23869.5.

Tasikmalaya Regency Lighthouses
* Legok (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 32 m (105 ft) 4-stage octagonal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Ricky Rianto has a 2018 photo (also seen at the top of this page), Luthfiyyah Azizah has a 2016 photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a skeletal tower. Located near a prominent cape in the Tasikmalaya Regency southwest of Pangandaran. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1277; NGA 23870.
Pulau Manuk (Manuk Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery rising from a square 1-story equipment building. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is available and Google has a satellite view. Not to be confused with a much better known Pulau Manuk, a wildlife reserve farther west, near the Sunda Strait. Located on an island just off the coast about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Cijulang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1277.5; NGA 23870.5.
Pulau Manuk West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 6 s. 17 m (56 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available and the light is not shown in Google's satellite view. Oddly, NGA calls the light "Cilacap." Located about 9 km (5.5 mi) west of Pulau Manuk. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1277.8; NGA 23870.6.
Pantai Pamayang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round barbell-shaped green fiberglass tower. Isep Safari has a photo showing both breakwater lights, another photo of the two lights is available, and Google has a satellite view and a street view of the two lights. Located on the east breakwater at the Pamayang Beach. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1277.83.
Pantai Pamayang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round barbell-shaped red fiberglass tower. Isep Safari has a photo showing both breakwater lights, another photo of the two lights is available, and Google has a satellite view and a street view of the two lights. Located on the east breakwater at the Pamayang Beach. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1277.85.
* Pantai Pamayang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower covered with white panels. Next to the lighthouse is an observation tower with a stairway that spirals around the tower. A photo is available and Google has a street view (also seen at right) and an indistinct satellite view. Located across the street from the beach at Pamayang. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1277.9.
Sindangkerta
Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower covered with white panels, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Agung Herdin has a photo, Rahmat Suherman has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located off the Sindangkerta Beach about 6 km (3.5 mi) west of Pamayang. Accessible only by boat but there's a good view from shore. Admiralty Q1277.95.
Karang Gajah Garut
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Pur Wanto has a closeup photo and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located in the surf near a river entrance about 25 km (15 mi) east of Pantai Santolo. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1278.6.

Pantai Pamayang Light, Tasikmalaya Regency, July 2019
Google Maps street view

Garut Regency Lighthouses
* Teluk Cilauteureun (Pulau Santolo, Tjilaoeteureum) (3?)
2019 (station established 1930). Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Ra'afi Rezkia Pratama has a 2019 photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a round white fiberglass tower with a flared top; a photo and a second photo of the earlier light are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Ecka Prasetya has a photo of the new tower under construction next to the old one in November 2018. Located on Pulau Santolo, an island on the south side of the harbor at Pantai Santolo (Santolo Beach). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1279; NGA 23871.
* Rancabuaya
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. Hamdan Firdaus has a distant drone view and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a bluff behind the beach at Rancabuaya. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1279.2.

Cianjur Regency Lighthouses
* Pantai Jayanti (Cidaun East)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Usman Somantri has a photo, Rendra Dwiariaguna also has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in the surf at the Jayanti Beach east of the Cidaun area. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1279.3; NGA 23871.2.
* Sindangbarang
2017. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower mounted on a square platform supported by long piles. Misman Jamaludin has a 2018 photo, Rizkiyana Syabania also has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the beach at Sindangbarang. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1279.33.

Sukabumi Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Ujung Genteng (2)
2007. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white, mounted on a 2-story coast guard building. A photo is at right, a good closeup and a view from the sea are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island just off a prominent cape in Sukabumi Regency at the western end of West Java Province. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1279.5.
* Pelabuhan Ratu (Pelabuhanratu) (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1914). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Palabuhan Ratu ("Queen's Harbor") is a fishing port and the capital of Sukabumi Regency. Note: NGA lists this light as Q1280, which appears to be a mistake. Located at the end of a gravel bar protecting the harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1279.91; NGA 23871.5.
Pelabuhan Ratu Entrance South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower. Kang Marno has a photo, and Google has a street view showing both entrance lights, but the tower is hard to distinguish in Google's satellite view. Located on the south side of the narrow entrance to the inner harbor of Pelabuhan Ratu. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1279.94.
Pulau Ujung Gentang Light
Pulau Ujung Genteng Light, Ciracap, May 2008
ex-Panoramio photo copyright miurak; permission requested
Pelabuhan Ratu Entrance North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower. Najudin Nad has a distant view, and Google has a street view showing both entrance lights, but the tower is hard to distinguish in Google's satellite view. Located on the north side of the narrow entrance to the inner harbor of Pelabuhan Ratu. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1279.95.

Banten Province Lighthouses

Bentan Province was separated from West Java Province in 2000. It occupies the western end of Java and its west coast faces the Sunda Strait, which separates Java from Sumatra. The Strait is a crucially important gateway from the Indian Ocean to the Java Sea and Jakarta.

Pandeglang Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Deli (Pulau Tinjil)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. Several coast guard buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. This light may have been relocated; although the listed location is at the southwestern coast of the island the station is on the southeastern coast. Located on an island about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of the southern entrance to Sunda Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1050.4.
Tanjung Layar (Ujung Kulon, First Point) {Eerste Punt, Oedjoeng Koelon} (3)
1906 (station established 1877). Inactive. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square metal framework tower, painted black (or covered with rust). This lighthouse is at the left in Arief Bidjak's view at right, and Mathieu Haerel has a distant view, but the dark tower does not show up in Google's satellite view. The lighthouse is also seen in a 1926 Tropenmuseum photo and Forand's postcard view. This historic light station is at the extreme southwest tip of Java and serves as a landfall light marking the east side of the entrance to the Sunda Strait from the Indian Ocean. The first lighthouse was a tall cast iron tower. This handsome structure was severely damaged by an earthquake on 1 September 1880, after only three years of service. It was replaced by a brick tower seen in a Tropenmuseum photo. There is a report that foundations of this lighthouse remain. In 1906 the brick lighthouse was damaged by an earthquake and replaced by the skeletal tower. Note: the Indonesian name ujung kulon means "western end." Located at the extreme tip of the point. Accessible only by boat or a long hike. Site open, tower closed.
Tanjung Layar (Ujung Kulon, First Point) {Eerste Punt} (5)
Date unknown (station established 1877). Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 30 m (98 ft) square tapered metal framework tower, painted white. Several coast guard station buildings. Syolahudin Al Ayubi has a 2016 photo and Google has a satellite view of the station. The present lighthouse is staffed by crews rotating every four months. It replaced a tapered skeletal tower seen in a 2005 closeup and a view from the sea. The area is included in the Ujung Kulon National Park. Located about 300 m (330 yd) northeast of the 1906 lighthouse. Accessible only by boat or a long hike. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-084; Admiralty Q1050.2; NGA 23332.
Tanjung Layar Lights
Old (left) and new Tanjung Layar Lights, Ujungjaya, August 2006
ex-Panoramio photo copyright Arief Bidyak; permission requested
Tanjung Waton
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Despite the historic role of the Tanjung Layer lighthouse, it is actually this light that marks the east side of the shipping channel entering the Sunda Strait. Located at the southwestern point of Pulau Panaitan, about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Tanjung Layar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1050.15; NGA 23333.4.
Tanjung Parat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square white skeletal tower possibly with lantern and gallery. No photo available but the tower is centered in Google's indistinct satellite view. Located at the northeastern point of Pulau Panaitan, about 30 km (19 mi) north of Tanjung Layar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1050.1; NGA 23333.
Tanjung Lesung
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 21 m (69 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Arris R. Saputra has a photo of the base of the tower, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a prominent cape about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Panimbang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1050.5; NGA 23334.

Serang Regency: Sunda Strait Lighthouses
* Panto Binuangen (Tanjung Pantobinuangen)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. No description given but a tall tower would be required. No photo available. The communications tower at the right edge of Taqwim Kurniawan's photo probably carries the light; Google has a street view and a second street view but it has only an indistinct satellite view. Located about 3 km (2 mi) south of the Cikoneng lighthouse (next entry). Site status unknown, but the coastal road passes close to the site. Admiralty Q1050.05; NGA 23335.
*** Cikoneng (Tjikoneng, Anyer, Fourth Point) {Vierde Punt} (2)
1885 (station established 1855). Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); two white flashes every 20 s. 58 m (190 ft) 12-sided cast iron tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. David Howell's photo appears at right, Unian Husien has a 2010 photo, Köhler has a 2011 photo, Trabas has Köhler's photo, Gul Chotrani has a closeup, Reez Riezal has another closeup, the Tropenmuseum has three historic photos, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse was prefabricated at The Hague in the Netherlands by Enthoven and Co. It is one the very few Indonesian lighthouses readily accessible to tourists. The original lighthouse was destroyed by tsunami waves triggered by the catastrophic explosion of the Krakatoa volcano on 27 August 1883. These waves were at least 30 m (100 ft) high, obliterating the original light station except for the foundation of the lighthouse. Located on Tanjung Cikoneng near Anyer Kidul on the east shore of Sunda Strait, overlooking the still-active Krakatoa. Accessible by road. Site open, tower open for climbing. ARLHS IDO-081; Admiralty Q1050; NGA 23336.
Pulau Ular
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. The lower portion of the tower is seen in Fatoniadi Rachman's view of the island and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 3 km (2 mi) west of the oil terminal at Kepuh. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1051; NGA 23340.
Pulau Sangiang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower. Lia Pratama has a view from the sea and Google has a satellite view. Pulau Sangiang is a boomerang-shaped island roughly 5 km (3 mi) in diameter in the middle of the narrowest passage of Sunda Strait. Located atop a cliff at the southern tip of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1051.1; NGA 23342.
Cikoneng (Anyer) Light
Cikoneng
(Anyer) Light, November 2011
Flickr photo copyright David Howell, Peak Design
used by permission
Pulau Tampurung (Toppers Island, Button Island) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1919). Active; focal plane 77 m (253 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several coast guard buildings. Starly Hartono has a view from the strait, Ayah Maman has a more distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Pulau Tampurung is a small but very high island in the northern entrance to the Sunda Strait, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Merak. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1052; NGA 23344.

Serang Regency: North Coast Lighthouses
* Karang Antu (Karangantu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped white concrete tower. A photo is available, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located on the west side of the harbor entrance at Kasemen. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1055; NGA 23362.
Pulau Tunda (Babi Island) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1890). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); one long white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Putri Dwi Jayanti has a photo, another photo and a third photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. This light helps guide vessels between the Sunda Strait and Jakarta. The original lighthouse had a focal plane of 18 m (60 ft). Pulau Tunda is a narrow island about 4.5 km (3 mi) long and about 25 km (15 mi) east of the Sunda Strait entrance. Located on the central south coast of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, probably open. ARLHS IDO-256; Admiralty Q1054; NGA 23360.

Tangerang Regency Lighthouse
* Cituis Port
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Cituis, a port about 20 km (13 mi) east of Jakarta. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1060.3; NGA 23366.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Java | East: Southern Java | West: Southeastern Sumatra

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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised May 5, 2019. Lighthouses: 33. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.