each year about 20,000 women die from pregnancy related causes.
At least one-fifth of these deaths is caused by induced abortion,
a problem that could be tackled quite significantly through
good quality reproductive health care. Needless to mention,
in Bangladesh abortion complications have adverse effects
on public health in terms of premature deaths, illness, injuries,
and impaired fertility, on the one hand, and on economic conditions
of the affected families in terms of cost of emergency treatment,
purchase of medicines etc., on the other. However, this gloomy
situation with respect to women health could not be expected
to continue for long and hence the efforts of the country's
health sector to deal with the situation through various means
and measures. In this respect, there is no gainsaying that
Bangladesh Health and Family Planning Proqgram has made remarkable
progress over the last two decades in the domain of women's
health. This is testified by certain facts i.e., fertility
transition, success of immunization program, CPR at 54% level,
and the decline in TFR from 6.3 in 1971-75 to 3.3 in 1999-2000
(National Strategy for Maternal Health, 2001).
the current ratio of 3 maternal death per 1000 live births,
it is about 100 times higher than that in the developed countries.
The major causes of maternal death are post-partum hemorrhage,
eclampsia, complications of abortion, concomitant medical
causes, obstructed labour, and post-partum sepsis and violence.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that thousands
of maternal deaths which occur every year in the countries
of South Asia including Bangladesh, 14% of them are due to
abortion (WHO, 1994).