Sorry for my cryptic post. Unlike many of you I access the net
through a commercial provider & must pay per bit sent.
"Descendent" was too strong a term. Recent modernist semantic
theories (eg Quine) reject positivism but maintain the desire for
univocity. They replace univocal reference (verifiability) with
(univocal) usage--trading 1 set of unsolvable problems for
another. Q admits this, but I'm less sure about Louw & Nida, who
seem to think that accurate translation is possible.
For an alternative, see my *JSNT* article, "2 Theories of
Translation" (1992).
George Aichele
(Adrian College)