Re: Single word antonyms?

From: David Haeuser (
Date: Tue Oct 14 1997 - 13:51:54 EDT

Thanks for the correction. I don't have my Wuerthwein here at home, but
will check it tomorrow. I am aware of the tiqqune sopherim, particularly
the case in Genesis 18:22 where Yahveh stood before Abraham was changed to
and Abraham stood before Yahweh. In my Kittel Biblia Hebraica, though, that
one is clearly marked in the apparatus as a tiqun sopherim, but I don't
find a reference to it in Job 2:9. Is there another way these were
indicated besides the abreviation tiq soph? The reason I offered the
example I did was the Brown Driver Briggs entry: "bless, with the
antithetical meaning curse (Thes) from the greeting in departing, saying
adieu to, taking leave of; but rather a blessing overdone and so really a
curse as in vulgar English as well as in the Shemitic cognates."

> From: Jim West <jwest@Highland.Net>
> To: David Haeuser <>
> Cc:
> Subject: Re: Single word antonyms?
> Date: martes 14 de octubre de 1997 11:43
> At 10:15 AM 10/14/97 -0400, you wrote:
> >
> >Another Biblical example would be the word barach in Hebrew, normally
> >translated bless, but in Job 2:9, "curse". I believe Luther actually
> >translated it "Bless God and die."
> >
> >David Haeuser
> In fact, this is not an example of the issue under discussion. Instead,
> is an example of the "tiqqune sopherim"- the scribal alterations of the
> Hebrew text for reasons of piety. See Ernst Wurthwein's intorduction to
> textual criticism for a full discussion of the issue. In sum, the
> were alterations the scribes made, and marked as alterations, because
> piety would not allow them to say such a thing as "curse God". So
> they wrote bless God" and marked it as a change of text. There are
> 18 tiqqune sopherim in the MT.
> Jim
> +++++++++++++++++++++++
> Jim West
> Adjunct Professor of Bible,
> Quartz Hill School of Theology

David Haeuser
Lima, Peru

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