Re: the usage of PROGINOSKW in 1 Pet 1:2&20

From: Jay Adkins (
Date: Tue Mar 30 1999 - 09:49:59 EST

On 03/29/99, ""Lee Nunes" <>" wrote:
> Can anyone tell me the reason for the translation of PROGINOSKW as
"foreordained" in 1 Pet 1:20, when it is translated "foreknow" in many
other places? (1 Pet 1:2, Rom 8, Rom 11:2) Don't worry about appearing to
be Calvinist or Arminian, I just want to know what the nature of
is, and how this may support either view. Is Peter's usage unique? Or is
it used similar ways in other literature?>

I know of no grammatical reason for the KJV using ╬foreordained' in this
verse. Consider how other translations have handled this word in 1 Peter

(NASB) ╬foreknown'
(NIV) ╬chosen'
(NKJV) ╬foreordained'
(NRSV) ╬destined'.
(RSV) ╬destined'
(WEY) ╬pre-destined'
(YLT) ╬foreknown'
(ASV) ╬foreknown'
(BBE) ╬Who was marked out by God'
(DBY) ╬foreknown'
(NEB) ╬predestined'
(TCNT) ╬destined'

The answer may be due to a hermeneutic principle not grammatical. That
principle would be the one where Scripture interprets Scripture. The
passage I believe you were referring to in Rom 8 is Rom 8:29 where we

Roma 8:29 (NASU) For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined [to
become] conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the
firstborn among many brethren;

Thus equating God's foreknowledge with His preordination of our salvation,
which is always based on the kind intention of His will and not our works.

Ephe 1:4 (NASU) just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the
world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love 5 He
predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself,
according to the kind intention of His will,

While I know this list purpose is for grammatical Greek questions, I for
one do not believe we can look at the Greek NT without ever coming across
questions that can only be answered in theological terms. This may be one
of them.

In any case, this is just a suggestion and would be willing to hear
opposing points of view.

Jay Adkins

B-Greek home page:
You are currently subscribed to b-greek as: []
To unsubscribe, forward this message to
To subscribe, send a message to

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:40:22 EDT