From: Maurice A. O'Sullivan (email@example.com)
Date: Wed May 03 2000 - 11:54:53 EDT
<x-flowed>At 20:00 02/05/00, Daniel Scott Monroe wrote:
>I am puzzled by epefereto of Genesis 1.2. Middle Liddell has "to bring,
>lay, put upon," as well as "to attack." I feel that epiforew and epifora
>must indicate the direction in which to expand epiferw:
You have to start by considering what Hebrew term is here being translated.
In the MT of Gn. 1:2 the verb employed is resh-chet-peh. It is found only 3
times, twice in the Piel, once in the Qual. The standard lexicon ( BDB )
regards the Qual form ( found at Jr. 23:9 ) as meaning " grow soft, relax ".
OTOH, it regards the verb which has the Piel form as a separate verb [
noting any connection with the word in Jr as 'dubious' ] , meaning " hover"
and "move gently".
If you consult
Muraoka, Takamitsu. Hebrew/Aramaic Index to the Septuagint. Keyed to to the
Hatch-Redpath Concordance. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1998.
you will find two Greek terms EPIPOQEIN and our EPIFEREIN listed under the
Piel form of the verb
EPIPOQEIN is what the translator of Dt. 32:11 chose for the hovering of the
eagle over its young as expressed by the Piel form, whereas the translator
of Gn. 1:2 chose EPIFEREIN
> Lampe renders
>epifora as "impact, attack," but allows a gentler "divine visitation,"
>whereas epiforew parallels epiferw in meaning "to put upon," but departs in
>indicating "to make pregnant."
Given that Lampe covers _patrisitic_ greek ( and includes only those words
from LSJ which have shifted in meaning, together with words _not_ found in
LSJ at all ) I don't think you will find it of much use for LXX Greek.
BTW, by going to the Perseus site, especially the Morphological Analysis
you can then link to the citations contained in the big LSJ, and further
link to the actual texts ( Greek and English )
Maurice A. O'Sullivan [ Bray, Ireland ]
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