A History of the Mahrattas

by James Grant Duff, Esq.

Captain in the first, or grenadier, regiment of Bombay Native Infantry, and late political resident at Satara

In three volumes

Volume III


Table of Contents

Chapter I – From 1784 to 1787

Tippoo – Nurgoond – Origin and progress of the dispute respecting it – Tippoo’s treachery – takes Nergoond – seizes Kittoor – forcibly converts many Hindoos – Nana Furnuwees proposes an alliance with the English – The latter less solicitous to co-operate than Nana expected – Nana applies to the Portuguese – French said to be in alliance with Tippoo – Reported alliance between the Mahrattas and the French – British Resident instructed to proceed to Poona – Mr Macpherson’s offer of assisting in the defence of the Mahratta territory – rejected by Nana Furnuwees – Mahratta army advances to form a junction with Nizam Ally and Moodajee Bhonslay – Moodajee in close alliance with the Poona Court – Mahratta and Moghul armies unite – plan of operations – Badamee taken – Nana Furnuwees returns to Poona, and Moodajee Bhonslay to Nagpoor – Holkar’s proceedings – Tippoo attacks Adonee – Gallant defence till relieved by the confederates – Adonee abandoned – Gujendergurh given up to Hurry Punt – Holkar makes a sudden march to Savanoor – his object – Burhan-ud-deen attacks him – is repulsed by Holkar, who is joined by the Nabob of Savanoor – Hurry Punt’s operations – Tippoo unexpectedly passes the Toongbuddra – operations of the armies – Savanoor abandoned by the Mahrattas – Tippoo takes possession – proceeds to Benkapoor – Hurry Punt takes Seerhutty – Feeble operations on both sides – Tippoo suddenly tenders proposals of peace – Peace concluded – Motives elucidated – Sindia

Chapter II – From 1785 to 1790

Sindia’s embarrassments – His impolitic conduct Sequestrates many of the Jagheers – consequent enmity of the Mahomedan chiefs – Mohummud Beg Humadanee – Sindia levies tribute from the Rajpoots – The Rajpoots revolt – Attack and rout Sindia’s troops under Ryajee Patel] Sindia takes the field – difficulties of the crisis – endeavours to negotiate with the Rajpoots without success – Mohummud Beg and his nephew join the Rajpoots – Battle in which Mohummud Beg is killed, but victory declares for the Rajpoots – The emperor’s regular infantry, with eighty pieces of cannon, desert Sindia in a body, and join the Rajpoots – Sindia evinces great fortitude and conduct – retreats unmolested by the Rajpoots – followed by Ismael Beg – continues his retreat to Gwalior – applies to Poona for aid – Views of Nana Furnuwees – Sindia’s exertions – Able defence of Agra by his General, Luckwa Dada – Gholam Kawdir – takes Aligurh – joins Ismael Beg before Agra – Jhats obstruct the operations of the siege – Sindia reinforces the Jhats – Battle near Bhurtpoor, in which the Mahrattas and Jhats are worsted – Successful diversion planned by Rannay Khan – The battle of Agra in which Ismael Beg is totally defeated – Ismael Beg joins Gholam Kawdir – They repair to Delhi – Barbarities perpetrated by Gholam Kawdir – Mahrattas at last advance – Gholam Kawdir flees – is pursued – taken – suffers mutilation, under which he dies – Shah Alum restored to his throne, and Sindia recovers his ascendancy – His situation Changes introduced in the constitution of his army – Gosaeens – Himmut Buhadur – Regular infantry – Sindia’s views – Transition to Deccan affairs

Chapter III – From 1787 to 1792

Tippoo breaks the treaty with the Peishwa – His great preparations – supposed by the English to be intended against them – Nana Furnuwees proposes a defensive alliance, which is declined by Lord Cornwallis – Transactions between the British authorities and Nizam Ally – Guntoor given up – Nizam Ally negociates with the English and with Tippoo – results – Lord Cornwallis’s letter to Nizam Ally – Tippoo considers that letter tantamount to an offensive alliance against him – His unsuccessful attack on the lines of Travancore – Alliance of the English, the Peishwa, and Nizam Ally, against Tippoo – its terms – First campaign of the English in this war against Tippoo – Dilatory proceedings of the allies – A British detachment joins Pureshram Bhow – Mahrattas cross the Kistna – Moghuls advance to lay siege to Kopaul and Buhadur Benda – Mahrattas lay siege to Dharwar – operations – Dharwar capitulates after a protracted siege – Capitulation infringed – Lord Cornwallis assumes command of the British army – Capture of Bangalore – Mahratta army marches from Poona under Hurry Punt Phurkay – Sera surrendered – Mahratta armies advance to join the British and Moghuls before Seringapatam – Lord Cornwallis defeats Tippoo at Arikera, but is compelled to abandon his design of besieging Seringapatam – Distress of his army – relieved by the unexpected junction of the Mahrattas – Various operations – A party of Mahrattas surprised and cut off by Kummur-ud-deen – Lord Cornwallis reduces the forts between Bangalore and Gurumcondah – Moghuls unable to reduce Gurumcondah, leave a party to mask it, which is surprised – Pureshram Bhow’s scheme of reducing Bednore – Battle of Simoga – Admirable conduct of Captain Little – Simoga capitulates – Pureshram Bhow advances towards Bednore, but retires with precipitation – Operations at Seringapatam – Peace concluded with Tippoo – Cause of Pureshram Bhow’s retreat explained – The armies return to their respective territories – Distress of Pureshram Bhow’s army

Chapter IV – From 1792 to 1794

An inquiry into the reasons which induced Lord Cornwallis to refrain from subjugating Tippoo’s territory, is foreign to the object of this work – Opinion of the Mahratta ministers on this subject – Mahadajee Sindia’s proposals at the time of forming the confederacy against Tippoo, to which Sindia did not become a party – Sindia’s proceedings in Hindoostan Battle of Patun – Ismael Beg defeated – Rajpoots continue the war – battle of Mairta – peace with the Rajpoots – The regular infantry of De Boigne – Holkar entertains the Chevalier Dudrenec and raises some regular corps – Ali Buhadur assisted by Himmut Buhadur establishes himself in Bundelcund – Sindia moves towards Poona – Surmises with regard to his intentions – declares that he is proceeding as bearer of the insignia of office, for the Wukeel-i-Mootliq, from the emperor to the Peishwa – Grand state ceremony on presenting the insignia – Sindia endeavours by various ways to gain the confidence of the young Peishwa to the prejudice of Nana Furnuwees – Discussions respecting the affairs of Hindoostan – Ismael Beg again raises disturbances, but is taken prisoner and confined for life in the fort of Agra – The troops of Sindia and Holkar commit hostilities against each other – obstinate battle of Lukhairee – Sindia’s troops victorious – Consequences at Poona – Hostilities suspended in Hindoostan, by orders from the Peishwa and Sindia – the latter all powerful in Hindoostan – his attempts to render himself popular in the Deccan – perseveres in his endeavours to supersede Nana Furnuwees in the young Peishwa’s favour – Remarkable explanation betwixt the Peishwa and Nana Views of Mahadajee Sindia – his death

Chapter V – 1794

Mahadajee Sindia’s death, an event of great political importance – Review of his policy and summary of his character – Is succeeded by his Grand Nephew Doulut Rao – Sindia’s regular infantry – Opinions of many Mahrattas respecting that force – Holkar long averse to its introduction – Rughoojee Bhonslay had no infantry disciplined by European officers – State of affairs at Nagpoor, and at Baroda – Govind Rao Gaekwar succeeds as regent – Piracy on the coast of Maharashtra – The Peishwa’s fleet – Angria of Kolabah – Seedees of Jinjeera – Revolutions and events in that State, Malwan and Sawuntwaree – Various attempts of the English to suppress their piracies, and those of the Raja of Kolapoor – never completely effected until the year 1812

Chapter VI – From 1794 to 1795

Reflections on the preceding details, and on the condition of the Mahrattas as a military nation at this period – Their claims on Nizam Ally occasion a temporary union of the chiefs – Course of policy adopted by the English, in the negotiation which preceded the war between the Mahrattas and Nizam Ally – Discussions between the Courts of Poona and Hyderabad – war declared – assembly of the armies respectively – march to oppose each other – skirmish in which the Moghuls obtain some advantage – battle of Kurdla extraordinary discomfiture of the Moghul army – Submission of Nizam Ally, who surrenders the person of his minister, cedes large tracts of territory, and promises to pay three krores of rupees – Anecdote of the young Peishwa – Nizam Ally offended at the neutrality of the English, whose influence at Hyderabad is likely to be wholly superseded by a French party – Unexpected rebellion of the prince Ali Jah, occasions the recall of the English battalions – The rebellion suppressed by the exertions of M Raymond – Movements of the Mahrattas during the insurrection – No proof of their having been in any manner accessory to the rebellion – Nana Furnuwees at the summit of power, when his anxiety to preserve it, brings on an unforeseen catastrophe

Chapter VII – From 1795 to 1796

Nana Furnuwees – his conduct towards Mahdoo Rao – the Raja of Satara – and the family of the deceased Rugonath Rao – The sons of Rugonath Rao confined in the fort of Sewneree – Bajee Rao the particular object of Nana’s jealousy – Bajee Rao’s character at this period – his accomplishments – The young Peishwa desirous of cultivating his friendship – Nana advises him to beware – Bajee Rao corrupts one of Nana’s agents and opens a communication with the Peishwa – his insidious messages – Discovery – its consequences – Mahdoo Rao throws himself from the terrace of his palace, and dies – Nana endeavours to exclude Bajee Rao from the succession – Bajee Rao gains over Balloba Tattya and Sindia to his interests – Nana Furnuwees determines on anticipating Sindia, and brings Bajee Rao to Poona – Sindia influenced by his minister marches on the capital – Nana withdraws from Poona – Balloba Tattya resolves to set aside Bajee Rao, and raise Chimnajee Appa to the Musnud, with Pureshram Bhow as his minister – Nana Furnuwees being consulted by Pureshram Bhow, assents with seeming cordiality to the proposal – Nana’s proceedings – Suspicions of Balloba Tattya – Conspiracy matured, and Bajee Rao confined – Chimnajee Appa declared Peishwa – Sindia’s pecuniary distress – plan for alleviating it – enlargement of Musheer Ool Moolk – The new administration pretend a wish that Nana Furnuwees should take a principal share in the government – Nana discovers their treachery – Desperate situation of Nana – evinces great ability in extricating himself, and circumventing his enemies – His interests in unison with those of Bajee Rao – Rise of Ballajee Koonjur – Nana discloses a part of his plans to Bajee Rao – Rise of Shirzee Rao Ghatgay – Nana Furnuwees gains Sindia to his views – The imprudent proceedings of Bajee Rao’s party bring on a premature discovery of a part of the conspiracy Bajee Rao sent off towards Hindoostan – enters into a compact with Shirzee Rao Ghatgay – Proceedings at Poona – Schemes of Nana Furnuwees matured – excites the Raja of Kolapoor to fall upon the districts of Pureshram Bhow Treaty of Mhar – Treaty with Rughoojee Bhonslay – Sindia arrests Balloba Tattya – Pureshram Bhow accidentally forewarned of his danger – flees from Poona – is overtaken and made prisoner – Nana Furnuwees obtains the guarantee of Nizam Ally and of Sindia, before trusting himself at Poona Bajee Rao proclaimed Peishwa – The adoption of Chimnajee Appa declared illegal – Chimnajee Appa appointed to the government of Guzerat, with Aba Sheelookur as his deputy

Chapter VIII – From 1797 to 1798

New administration – Army in a disorderly state – Ahmednugur made over to Sindia, and the conditions of the treaty with Rughoojee Bhonslay fulfilled – Bajee Rao refuses to ratify the treaty with Nizam Ally – Musheer Ool Moolk suddenly quits Poona in consequence – Nana Furnuwees endeavours to soothe him – Bajee Rao’s policy – Death of Tookajee Holkar – dispute among his sons – Sindia espouses the cause of Khassee Rao – Mulhar Rao killed, and the house of Holkar rendered for a time subservient to that of Sindia – Sindia’s arbitrary conduct – Bajee Rao still popular – his real character little known – proposes ridding himself of both Nana Furnuwees and Sindia – employs the latter to seize the former, and Nana, with most of the principal ministers, is thrown into confinement – the property or Nana and his adherents given up to plunder – outrages and alarms at Poona – Amrut Rao becomes prime minister – Sindia espouses the daughter of Ghatgay – Ghatgay becomes Sindia’s prime minister is empowered to raise the money secretly promised by Bajee Rao, by plundering the inhabitants of Poona dreadful cruelties – Amrut Rao proposes to seize and confine Sindia – Bajee Rao approves – Differences with Hyderabad revived – Bajee Rao summons Sindia to his presence – Bajee Rao’s weakness and treachery – Affairs of Satara – a force required in that quarter – Bajee Rao’s troops mutiny – Pureshram Bhow enlarged – raises troops – disperses those of the Raja, but afterwards refuses to disband his army – Bajee Rao grants him a pardon

Chapter IX – From 1798 to 1800

Disorders increase at Poona – The Byes – Commencement of their insurrection against Sindia – they seek protection in the camp of Amrut Rao – negotiation – Amrut Rao’s troops treacherously attacked – Rupture between the Peishwa and Sindia – The Peishwa negociates with other powers – Sindia releases Nana Furnuwees – Reconciliation between Sindia and the Peishwa – Shirzee Rao Ghatgay is seized and confined by Sindia’s orders – The union, of Bajee Rao and Sindia, strengthened by the course of policy adopted by the English – The British government endeavours to negociate a new treaty with Nizam Ally and the Mahrattas – Nana Furnuwees is solicited to resume charge of the administration – Nana, deceived by Bajee Rao, assumes charge without the guarantee he had at first demanded – Treachery of Bajee Rao – Nana’s behaviour – The Peishwa’s agents seized and confined – New treaty between Nizam Ally and the English – regarded by the Mahrattas with much jealousy – Nana’s advice – Bajee Rao’s dissimulation – Plan of a confederacy against the English, disconcerted by the subversion of Tippoo’s government – Orders sent by the Peishwa for the advance of his troops after the war had terminated – Dispersion of the followers of Dhoondia Waug – Dhoondia joins the Raja of Kolapoor – Remarks on the conquest of Tippoo’s territory – partition – discussions with the Poona court – New treaty between the English and Nizam Ally – Affairs of Sindia the insurrection of the Byes becomes extremely formidable – by the re-appointment of Balloba Tattya, it is nearly suppressed – State of the war with Kolapoor – exploits of Chitoor Sing – proposed plan of operations – Pureshram Bhow defeated and killed – Kolapoor besieged – siege raised

Chapter X – From 1800 to 1802

Death and character of Nana Furnuwees – fresh dispute between Sindia and the Peishwa – Balloba Tattya’s confinement and death – dreadful executions of Dhondeba and Narrain Rao Bukhshee – Peishwa’s plans for ruining the adherents of Nana Furnuwees and the family of Pureshram Bhow – Sindia on being promised the Jagheer of the Putwurdhuns, sends a force into their districts – Great disorders – insurrection of Dhoondia Waug – suppressed by a detachment of British troops – State of affairs at Poona – Bajee Rao’s situation and views – critical state of Sindia’s affairs in Malwa – Rise and progress of Jeswunt Rao Holkar – Umeer Khan joins him – Jeswunt Rao recognised in Malwa, as the representative of his nephew Khundee Rao – imbecility of Sindia’s proceedings – Sindia induces Holkar to attack the Byes – Marches towards Hindoostan – Holkar cuts off two of Sindia’s detachments – is repulsed by Major Brownrigg – Events at Poona – execution of Wittoojee Holkar – Shirzee Rao Ghatgay defeats a plot against him in a singular manner – he is ordered to join Sindia – defeats Jeswunt Rao Holkar at Indore, which he plunders – Sindia injudiciously gives Holkar time to recover himself – Jeswunt Rao carries the war into the Deccan – his successes there – Sewdasheo Bhow Bhaskur sent to oppose him – Peishwa’s conduct – Battle of Poona – Holkar is victorious – The Peishwa flees to Singurh – and sends to the British resident a preliminary engagement, binding himself to receive a subsidiary force – Resident’s interview with Holkar – The Peishwa proceeds to Bassein – Affairs in Guzerat

Chapter XI – From 1793 to 1803

Affairs of Baroda – War between Govind Rao Gaekwar and Aba Shelookur – The English depose the Nabob of Surat – they are promised the Gaekwar’s share of the Chouth and the district of Chourassy Gaekwar reduces Sheelookur and obtains the Peishwa’s share of Guzerat in farm – Death of Govind Rao Gaekwar – his eldest son Anund Rao succeeds him – two parties in the government, the one under Rowjee Appajee the other under Kanhojee Rao Gaekwar – both apply to the British Government for aid – the Governor of Bombay supports the party of Rowjee Appajee, by sending a small detachment into Guzerat under Major Walker – Mulhar Rao Gaekwar attacks the British troops – reinforcements sent into Guzerat – Mulhar Rao is reduced – A British subsidiary force established at Baroda – embarrassed state of the finances – Sunkhera reduced – The Arab mercenaries oppose the projected reforms Siege and surrender of Baroda – Kanhojee Rao Gaekwar maintains an insurrection against the Government – Affair of Sauree – gallant conduct of Major Holmes

Chapter XII – From 1802 to 1803

Events at Poona – Winaek Rao, the son of Amrut Rao, is placed on the musnud by Holkar – Treaty of Bassein – Sindia and Rughoojee Bhonslay unite to obstruct the objects of the treaty – Advance of the British troops – return of the Peishwa to Poona – Negotiation with the confederates – preparations for war – war declared – capture of Ahmednugur – battle of Assaye – Burhanpoor – Asseergurh – Baroach, and Pawungurh taken – Of the war in Hindoostan – Revert to General de Boigne – his opinions and those of his successor – advance of the Bengal army – affair of Coel – storm of Aligurh – successful attack on Shekoabad by M Fleury – battle of Delhi – battle of Agra – battle of Laswaree – conquest of Kuttack, and of Bundelcund – supplemental articles to the treaty of Bassein – prosecution of the war in the Deccan – Captain Baynes’ defence negotiations – battle of Argaom – siege and storm of Gawelgurh – negotiations – treaty of Deogaom – treaty of Surjee Anjengaom, and of Burhanpoor – partition treaties – treaties with the Rajpoots, Jhats, and Ambajee Inglia

Chapter XIII – 1804

Reflections on the late war – Views of Jeswunt Rao Holkar – Negotiations – Lord Lake advances against Holkar, preceded by a detachment under Col Monson – Holkar retires across the Chumbul – Tonk-Rampoorah taken – Umeer Khan cuts off part of a detachment in Bundelcund – Lord Lake reinforces Monson and cantons the main army for the rains – Monson advances – escalades Hinglaisgurh – Holkar crosses the Chumbul – Monson hesitates – Holkar attacks him – Monson retreats – Bravery – privations – distresses – disasters – and discomfiture of his detachment – Holkar invades Hindoostan – Muttra evacuated – is repulsed at Delhi – Defence of Col Burn at Shamlee – Holkar carries his depredations into the Dooab – is pursued by Lord Lake – battle of Deeg surprise at Furruckabad – storm of Deeg – Holkar’s possessions in the Deccan reduced – Indore evacuated – Lord Lake determines on besieging Bhurtpoor – Raja’s resolve

Chapter XIV – From 1805 to 1806

The siege of Bhurtpoor commences – Holkar and Umeer Khan attempt to obstruct the operations – Umeer Khan proceeds to Rohilcund – is pursued by General Smith – defeated and compelled to return to Bhurtpoor – The Jhats repulse the British army in four assaults – The Raja sues for peace – terms granted – principal reason for admitting him to terms Disputes with Sindia – The Marquis Cornwallis returns to India as Governor-General – his views – death – is succeeded by Sir George Barlow Holkar takes the route of the Punjab – is pursued by Lord Lake – Peace with Sindia – and with Holkar – System of policy pursued by Sir George Barlow – remonstrances of Lord Lake – declaratory articles annexed to the treaties – policy of the British Government towards the Rajpoots – particularly ungenerous towards the Raja of Boondee – Treaty with the Gaekwar

Chapter XV – From 1806 to 1814

Review of the condition of the Mahratta states – and of the British policy in regard to them – Holkar’s proceedings – insanity – confinement – death and character – Regency under the control of Umeer Khan – factions – embarrassments and anarchy – State of Sindia’s territory – Death of Shirzee Rao Ghatgay – Affairs of Rughoojee Bhonslay – Rise of the Pindharees – their mode of assembling and conducting an expedition – their progress – general anarchy in central India – alarming increase of predatory power

Chapter XVI – From 1803 to 1817

The Peishwa’s proceedings, after being re-established on his musnud – Appoints Sewdasheo Bhow Mankesir to conduct affairs with the British residency – Ingratitude to Khundee Rao Rastia – and total disregard of the claims of the former servants of the state – Appoints Ballajee Luximon, Sur-Soobehdar of Candeish and Buglana – Treacherous seizure and murder of the Bheels at Kopergaom – Rebellion of the Pritee Needhee – Suppressed by Bappoo Gokla, who is enriched in consequence Appa Dessaye Nepankur – called to interfere in the wars of Kolapoor and Sawuntwaree – Affairs of these petty states – Revert to affairs at Poona – Collusion of Sewdasheo Mankesir and Khoosroojee Mood-bee – Mr Elphinstone is appointed resident – Settlement with the southern Jagheerdars, who are compelled to submit to the Peishwa – Suppression of piracy in the Concan – Treaties with Kolapoor and Sawuntwaree – Exultation of the Peishwa he raises a brigade of regular troops – Accusations against Khoosroojee Moodhee, by Sewdasheo Bhow Mankesir – Rise of Trimbukjee Dainglia – Bajee Rao extends his views of policy – recruits his army – Conduct of Bappoojee Sindia in regard to the surrender of Dharwar – Trimbukjee Dainglia becomes prime minister – Mode of letting the districts in farm – Bajee Rao’s neglect of civil government – amasses considerable wealth – perseveres in sequestrating Jagheers – Case of Mahdoo Rao Rastia – Plan of an extensive confederacy – Endeavours to establish an ascendancy in Guzerat – Affairs of the Baroda government – Able management of Lieutenant-Colonel Walker – Claims of the Peishwa – Counter claims of the Gaekwar – Attempt at adjustment – fails – Gungadhur Shastree is deputed to Poona – progress of his mission – be is murdered by Trimbukjee – Trimbukjee delivered up to the British government – effects his escape from confinement – The Peishwa raises troops through Trimbukjee, for the purpose of maintaining war secretly against the British government – Conduct of the resident for defeating this design – The troops assembled are declared insurgents – pursued, and attacked – Intercourse suspended – Proposed preliminary to an adjustment – Bajee Rao denies all knowledge of Trimbukjee or his adherents – Refuses to comply with the proposed terms – Poona surrounded – The Peishwa submits – New treaty

Chapter XVII – From 1814 to 1817

The Marquis of Hastings assumes charge of the government of British India – State of India from the increase of predatory power – Patans and Pindharees – Plan for improving the defensive military positions – failure of the negotiations with Bhopaul and Jeypoor – defensive alliance embraced by Appa Sahib, the regent at Nagpoor – Appa Sahib falls into the views of the Poona Court – murders Pursajee – Progress of the Pindharees – Plans of the Marquis of Hastings, for the suppression of the predatory system – political and military arrangements – Sindia is forced into the governor-general’s views – progress of the negotiations with the Rajpoots, Umeer Khan, the chiefs in Bundelcund, and the Nabob of Bhopaul

Chapter XVIII – From 1817 to 1818

The Peishwa proceeds to Punderpoor – pretended reduction of his military establishment – Poona auxiliary force – Sir John Malcolm political agent of the governor-general, arrives at Poona – interview with the Peishwa at Maholy is deceived by Bajee Rao – system recommended in consequence– Advance of the divisions of the Deccan army –Peishwa’s proceedings at Maholy – invests Bappoo Gokla with full powers – plan for corrupting the troops – fidelity of the Sepoys 7 – murder of the resident prevented by Gokla – Festival of the Dussera – alarming appearances at Poona – Peishwa hesitates – arrival of the European regiment – British troops take up a new position – are suddenly attacked by the Peishwa’s army – battle of Khirkee – residency plundered and burnt – violent proceedings of the Peishwa – remonstrances – Interview between the resident’s moonshee and Gokla – General Smith returns to Poona – flight of the Peishwa – Poona is occupied – pursuit of the Peishwa – detente of Korygaom – The Peishwa continues his flight – pursuit taken up by General Pritzler – resumed by General Smith – Mr Elphinstone is appointed commissioner, and two divisions of the army of the Deccan placed at his disposal – Capture of Satara – The Satara proclamation – new distribution of the force – General Smith surprises the Peishwa’s army at Ashtah – death of Gokla – rescue of the Raja of Satara – Affairs of Nagpoor – treacherous attack on the British troops – Battle of Seetabuldee – arrival of General Doveton – Appa Sahib surrenders himself – his guns are stormed and taken – attack on Nagpoor repulsed – Arabs capitulate – operations of General Hardyman and reduction of the northern districts – Appa Sahib Is reinstated – Revert to affairs in Malwa and Hindoostan

Chapter XIX – From 1817 to 1818

Pindharees – Divisions close in upon the Durres of Khureem Khan and Wasil Mohummud – pursuit of Cheetoo by Sir J. Malcolm – Cheetoo is protected in Holkar’s camp – hostile appearances – General Malcolm forms a junction with Sir Thomas Hislop – battle of Mehidpoor – treaty with Holkar – Cheetoo is protected by Jeswunt Rao Bhow one of Sindia’s generals – Jeswunt Rao is in consequence treated as an enemy – Camp attacked and Jawud stormed by General Browne – destruction of the Durres of Wasil Mohummud and Khureem Khan – and of Cheetoo – dispersion of the Pindharees – and dismemberment of the Paten association – Treaties with the Rajpoots – Recompense of the Raja of Boondee and Nabob of Bhopaul – Sir John Malcolm appointed to the government of central India – Operations in Bundelcund – Storm of Talneir – Operations against the Peishwa – Affair of Sewnee – Bajee Rao reduced to great distress – writes to Sir J. Malcolm, who negociates with him – interview – surrender – terms – remarks – Seizure of Trimbukjee – Escape of Appa Sahib – Siege and capture of Asseergurh

Chapter XX – From 1818 to 1819

The final reduction and settlement of the Peishwa’s territory – Capture of the principal forts by General Pritzler – The Raja of Satara placed on his throne – Success of General Munro – attack and dispersion of the remaining infantry at Sholapoor – Reduction of the Concan accomplished by the Bombay government – Appointment of officers to the civil government of the country – instructions – procedure – The capture of Mallygaom and Prucheetgurh completes the reduction of the Peishwa’s territory – mode of preventing insurrection – of settling the Bheels – detection of a conspiracy – Claims – the Nizam – Jagheerdars – Judicial and revenue administration – Punchayets – rewards – charitable donations – Hindoo college – Remarks on the settlement

This collection transcribed by Chris Gage
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