Lighthouses of Equatorial Guinea
The nation of Equatorial Guinea was formed in 1968 by uniting
two small, dissimilar Spanish colonies. One part is Bioko, called Fernando
Pó under Spanish administration, a volcanic island in the Bight of Biafra
off the coasts of Nigeria and Cameroon. The other is Río Muni,
a rectangular tract on the mainland wedged between Cameroon and Gabon.
Also included in the country are the islands of Elobey and Corisco off
the northwestern coast of Gabon and the remote island of Pagalu (formerly Annobón), 300 km (190 mi) west of the Gabonese coast.
The capital of the country is Malabo (formerly Santa Isabel), at the
northern end of Bioko. The major ports are Malabo and Luba on Bioko and
Bata in Río Muni.
Very little information is available on the lighthouses of Equatorial
Guinea, so visitor reports and photos would be very welcome.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty
numbers are from volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog
Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.
- General Sources
- Online List of Lights - Equatorial Guinea
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
- World of Lighthouses - Equatorial Guinea
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
- Postcards from the collection of Klaus Huelse.
Punta Europa Light, Malabo, April 2013
anonymous contributed photo; used by permission
- Pagalu Province (Annobón) Lighthouse
- * Mission de Santo Antonio
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); white flash every 4 s.
7 m (23 ft) masonry tower, painted white. No photo available. The Spanish
edition of Wikipedia mentions the lighthouse but it has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on Punta del Palmar,
the northern tip of the island, near Santo Antonio, the principal village
on the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS EQG-009; Admiralty D4248; NGA 25208.
Litoral Province (Río Muni) Lighthouses
- * Port de Cogo
- Date unknown. Apparently inactive, but still listed by NGA with focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white, red, or green light,
depending on direction, 2 s on, 2 s off. 16 m (52 ft) slender square skeletal tower. NGA describes the tower as red, but more likely it is white. No closeup
photo available but Huelse has a postcard
view of a skeletal tower having approximately the right height. This
view matches the white tower seen in the lower right quadrant of a 2005 aerial view of the town formerly available from Panoramio, but the tower is barely visible (just below a large tree) in Google's satellite view. The
lighthouse guides ships northeastward into the port of Cogo, on the Río
estuary at the southern edge of the country. Site status unknown, probably open; tower closed. ARLHS EQG-008;
ex-Admiralty D4210; NGA 25288.
- [Cabo San Juan]
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); two red flashes every 10
s. 18 m (59 ft) "red pylon," according to the NGA listing. No
photo available, but Bing's satellite
view shows a station on the cape. Located
on a prominent cape near the southwesternmost point of Río Muni.
Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty D4190; NGA 25276.
- Punta Mbode
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); four quick white flashes every 9 s.
12 m (39 ft) skeletal tower. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view of the cape. Located on a cape on the north side of the entrance to Mbini. Site status unknown. Admiralty D4175.5; NGA 25260.
- Punta Ngaba
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white flash every 5 s.
24 m (79 ft) metal tower on a concrete base. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite
view of the cape. Located on a cape about 15 km (9 mi)
southwest of Bata. Site status unknown. Admiralty D4175.5; NGA 25260.
- Punta Mbonda
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 36 m (119 ft); four white flashes, in
a 3+1 pattern, every 20 s. 35 m (115 ft) octagonal brick tower. Mike Fleming's
photo is at right, another photo (halfway down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. In recent years Punta Mbonda
has been a restricted area, the site of military camps and a prison. Located
on a point of land about 30 km (19 mi) north of Bata. Site and tower closed.
ARLHS EQG-003; Admiralty D4170; NGA 25248.
Punta Mbonda Light, Río Muni
photo copyright Mike Fleming; used by permission
Bioko Sur Province (South Bioko) Lighthouses
- Frontón de Caracas
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); three flashes,
white or red depending on direction, every 12 s. 8 m (26 ft)
pyramidal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a headland
about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Riaba. Site status unknown. ARLHS
EQG-007; Admiralty D4064; NGA 25160.
- * Riaba (Concepción) (?)
- Date unknown. Active(?); focal plane unknown; flash every 5 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) square white masonry tower
with gallery but no lantern. No photo
available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Riaba, known as Concepción
in Spanish times, is a small port on the east coast of Bioko.
More information needed. Site appears open, tower closed. ARLHS
EQG-006; Admiralty D4060; NGA 25164.
- Punta Santiago
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); three white flashes, in a 2+1 pattern, every 20 s. 25 m (82 ft) skeletal tower. No photo available, and and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Bioko. Site status unknown. Admiralty D4056; NGA 25156.
- * Punta Barceloneta (Luba,
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); four flashes,
white or red depending on direction, every 15 s. 16 m (52 ft)
hexagonal masonry tower with gallery; no lantern. Lighthouse painted with horizontal red
and white bands. A 2008 closeup photo is at right, Trabas has Bjørn Poulsen's photo showing the lighthouse freshly repainted, there is a postage
stamp view, and Bing has a satellite view. The lighthouse
marks the southern entrance to the Bahía de Luba on the
west coast of Bioko. (Luba was called San Carlos in colonial
times.) A modern port has
been built recently at Luba to support the natural gas fields
offshore to the west. Located on the point, about 1.5 km (1 mi)
northwest of Luba. Site appears open, tower closed. ARLHS EQG-005;
Admiralty D4046; NGA 25144.
Punta Barceloneta Light, Luba, November 2008
Google Maps Creative Commons photo by lescalanteg
Bioko Norte Province (North Bioko) Lighthouses
- Punta Europa
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); three white flashes,
separated by 4 s, every 20 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at the top of this page,
and Bing has a satellite view. Punta Europa is the location of the island's main power plant,
fired by natural gas from offshore wells, and Marathon Oil has constructed
a large liquified natural gas plant there. Located
within the Marathon plant on the northwestern tip of Bioko, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Malabo.
Site and tower closed. ARLHS EQG-002; Admiralty D4040; NGA
- * Punta de la Unidad Africana (Punta
Fernanda, Fernando Póo) (2)
- 1900 (station established 1866). Inactive but still listed by NGA with focal plane 34 m (112 ft);
red light occulting four times every 12 s. 8 m (26 ft) square masonry
tower with gallery but no lantern, painted white. Jessica Weinberg's
aerial photo is at right, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. An aerial photo taken in January 2009 shows extensive redevelopment of
the port, with a new building and a tall communications tower next
to the lighthouse. The Admiralty list shows that this light has been replaced by a small beacon (Admiralty D4034) on the main wharf of the harbor. The Punta de la Unidad Africana is
a narrow, curving peninsula (the caldera rim of an ancient volcano)
that has been sculpted into a breakwater protecting the east side of
the harbor at Malabo. Located at the tip of the point. Site open, tower
closed. ARLHS EQG-004; ex-Admiralty D4032; NGA 25120.
- [Islote Horacio]
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 4 s. 16
m (52 ft) "white pylon," according to the NGA listing. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on
an islet off the northeastern tip of Bioko, about 18 km (11 mi) northeast
of Malabo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS EQG-001; Admiralty
D4028; NGA 25136.
Punta de la Unidad Africana Light, Malabo,
photo copyright Jessica
Weinberg; used by permission
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Carlos (1907-?), Luba. No additional information is available. ARLHS EQG-010.
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Cameroon | South: Gabon | West: São Tomé and Principe
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Posted September 14, 2005. Checked and revised January 4, 2018.
Lighthouses: 13. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.