Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northeastern Sulawesi (Celebes)

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. This page includes the lighthouses of the southern half of Sulawesi (Celebes), a major island in the northern part of the country.

Shaped like an artistically drawn letter K, Sulawesi consists mostly of four narrow peninsulas. The Makassar Strait separates Sulawesi from Kalimantan (Borneo) to the west. The Celebes Sea is north of the island, the Banda Sea is to the east and southeast, and the Flores Sea is on the south. Makassar, also called Ujung Pandang, is the major port. This page includes lighthouses on the east side of the island in Sulawesi Tengah (Central Sulawesi) Province. The province also has a short coast on the west side of the island; lighthouses on that coast are described on the Western Sulawesi page.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Pulau is an island and karang is a reef.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. F and Vol. Q
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.

Ampana Light, Ampana, November 2017
Google Plus photo by Arlin Windaryanti
Parigi Moutong Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Panabean
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. No description given, but since the islet is quite low a tall skeletal tower would be required. The islet does not appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a dangerous reef off the north coast of the Gulf of Tomini. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2086.5; NGA 25238.
* Parigi (Logi) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square white skeletal tower. The tower is seen at the far left in Muh Fadjar's photo, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a 7 m (23 ft) tower said to be "on the beach." Located behind the ferry terminal at Parigi, the regency capital, on the southwestern shore of the Gulf of Tomini. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1576; NGA 25240.

Tojo Una-Una Regency Lighthouse
* Ampana
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower. Arlin Windaryanti has a photo (a portion appears at the top of this page), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the quay at Ampana, a town on the south shore of the Gulf of Tomini. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1573.
Pulau Una-Una
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Una-Una is an isolated volcanic island north of the Togian Islands in the Gulf of Tomini; the Colo volcano that forms the island erupted in 1983. Located at the foot of the pier at the settlement on the east side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1577; NGA 25238.5.
* Wakai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. The top of the tower is seen over the building in Lasahido Saleh's photo, Daniel van Hauten has a fuzzy street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the quay at Wakai, a fishing port at the northeastern corner of Pulau Batudaka, the westernmost of the Togian Islands. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1579.
Tanjung Komali (Komnali)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Described only as a "white beacon." No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the cape. This light guides vessels entering the Gulf of Tomini from the south. Located on the northwestern tip of Pulau Waleabahi, the easternmost of the Togian Islands. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1580; NGA 25262.

Banggai Regency Lighthouses
* Dermaga Pagimana
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. Ronald Rumampuk has a street view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The Admiralty lists this light as "Kr Pagimana," probably a misprint for "Dr Pagimana." Dermaga means "dock." Located behind the ferry terminal at Pagimana. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1572.5.
Luwuk (North)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Luwuk is the capital of Banggai Regency and a city of about 60,000 residents, located on the south side of the eastern peninsula of Sulawesi across the Peleng Strait from Pulau Peleng. Located just offshore on the north (starboard) side of the entrance to Lalong Bay, the city's harbor. Accessible only by boat, but there must be good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566; NGA 25252.
Luwuk (South) (2 towers)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square red skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. A 2017 photo shows that there are actually two identical towers, and both platforms can be seen in Google's satellite view. It's not clear which light is the one listed by the Admiralty and NGA. Located just offshore on the south (port) side of the entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat, but there must be good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566.4; NGA 25257.
Mondono (Mendono)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located just off a promontory about 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Luwuk. Accessible only by boat, but there must be good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1565.5; NGA 25249.
* Tangkiang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. The light is at the far right in Radita Kurniawan's photo, Eric Pajow has a similar photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the quay at Tangkiang, a small port about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Luwuk. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1565.4.

Kepulauan Banggai (Banggai Islands) Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Tobo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located beside a road on a prominent point of land on the north coast of Pulau Peleng. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566.6; NGA 25275.
Tanjung Bankalanutara
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in dense forest on the north end of Pulau Bangkalan Pauno, marking the south side of the entrance to the Peleng Strait, which separates Pulau Seleng from the mainland of Sulawesi. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1566.7; NGA 25275.5.
Pondipondi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 84 m (276 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on Pulau Tambun, a small island off the northeastern side of Pulau Peleng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1567.6; NGA 25275.58.
Tanjung Kembani
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) "white beacon," probably a skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the area. Located on the southern tip of Peleng, largest and westernmost of the Banggai island group, off the southeast coast of Sulawesi's eastern peninsula. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1565; NGA 25274.3.
Karang Thames (Thames Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 1.5 s on, 2.5 s off. 14 m (46 ft) tower (probably skeletal) mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, and Google's satellite view has only a blurry spot for the reef. Located about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Pulau Peland in the southern entrance to the Pelang Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.8; NGA 25274.2.

Banggai Laut Regency Lighthouses
* Pulau Banggai (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 17 m (56 ft) square white skeletal tower. Eko Wahyudiantoro has a street view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a very small tower with a continuous red light. Located on the quay at the town of Banggai, on the west coast of Pulau Banggai. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1568; NGA 25276.
Pulau Buangbuang (Buang Buang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 5 s. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a small island at the southeastern tip of the Banggai group, marking a narrow passage between the Banggai reefs and those of the Sula group in North Maluku province. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1569; NGA 25380.

Morowali Utara (North Morowali) Regency Lighthouses
Ambang Luar (Tomori Bay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. Described as a beacon with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the light does not appear in Google's satellite view. This light marks the entrance to the Tomori Bay, a complex embayment at the base of Sulawesi's eastern peninsula. Located about 16 km (10 mi) offshore. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1563; NGA 25264.
Tanjung Bea
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of this very remote area. Located on a promontory near the base of Sulawesi's eastern peninsula, near Morowali. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1563.5; NGA 25268.
Karang Dalam Oll
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a reef in the center of the entrance to the Tomori Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.2; NGA 25273.
Kolonodale
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Sukri Ukhy's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the harbor of Kolonodale, the regency capital and a seaport on the west coast of Tomori Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.7; NGA 25274.

Kolonodale Light, Kolonodale, October 2015
Google Plus photo by Sukri Ukhi

Morowali Regency Lighthouses
Karang Bungku
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft)square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Muhammad Ilham has a distant view, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a reef that provides some partial shelter to the port of Bungku, the regency capital. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1562.9.
Tanjung Losoni
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) white skeletal tower, probably with lanern and gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. This light stands on a promontory at Losoni on the central east coast of Sulawesi. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-311; Admiralty Q1562.93; NGA 25274.6.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Sulawesi | East: North Maluku | Southeast: Central Maluku | South: Southeast Sulawesi | West: Western Sulawesi

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Posted December 18, 2008. Checked and revised March 11, 2018. Lighthouses: 24. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.