Lighthouses of Qatar
Qatar is a nation on the south side of "The Gulf" (known in Arabia as the Arabian Gulf, and elsewhere generally as the Persian Gulf or Gulf of Iran). It occupies a peninsula projecting 160 km (100 mi) northward into the Gulf east of Bahrain. The capital, Doha, is on the east side of the peninsula. The country has a population of about 1.8 million.
The Gulf is a major center of shipping today, but
that was not true until well into the 20th century. As a result, no traditional Western-style masonry lighthouses were ever built in the area. However, included on this page are various sites
of possible interest to lighthouse fans. Photos of navigational aids
in the Gulf are particularly scarce on the Internet, so contributions
from travelers to the area would be very welcome.
Aids to navigation in Qatar are probably the responsibility of the Qatar Ports Management Company. Offshore navigational aids in the Gulf are maintained by the Middle
East Navigation Aids Service (MENAS), based in Bahrain. MENAS
has the important task of guiding the continuous stream of supertankers
in the Gulf.
The Arabic word for a lighthouse is mnarh or manara (منارة). Ra's is the word for a cape or headland, jazīrat is an island, and minā is a harbor.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty
numbers are from volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog
Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
- General Sources
- Online List of Lights - Persian Gulf
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
- MENAS Services
- For an interactive map of MENAS navigational aids, click on "Tools" and then on "AtoNs Map."
Ra's Umm Hasah Light, April 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Hamad Albaz; permission requested
- Ra's Rakan
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) skeletal tower mounted on piles. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located off the northern tip of Qatar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7395; NGA 29792.
- * Ra's Umm Ḩaşāh (Al Ghariya)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39
ft); three very quick white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped tower, probably fiberglass, mounted on a square concrete base. Lighthouse is white. Hamad Albaz has the photo at the top of this page, Alexey Sergeev has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of the Qatar Peninsula, north of Al Ghariya. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty
D7394.5; NGA 29794.
- Ra's al Maţbakh (2?)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); flash every 5 s, white or red depending on direction. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped tower, probably fiberglass. Lighthouse is red. A photo is available, Mohamed Samy has a street view from the beach, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a tripod tower at this location. Located on the north side of the entrance to Al Khawr, on the east coast of Qatar. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS QAT-001; Admiralty
D7393; NGA 29812.
- Lightfloat Doha
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); one long and two short white flashes (Morse code "D") every 12 s. Racon (radiobeacon). 4.5 m (15 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a rectangular hull. Emile Hendrik has a photo (last photo on the page), but the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located about 15 km (9 mi) east southeast of the entrance to Doha, the capital of Qatar, marking the beginning of the dredged approach channels. Accessible only by boat. Site open, vessel closed. ARLHS QAT-002; ex-Admiralty
D7389; NGA 29892.
- Hamad Port North Breakwater
- 2016. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped green tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Completed in December 2016, the Hamad Port is located on the south edge of Doha. Located on the short north breakwater of the port. Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7388.56.
- Hamad Port South Breakwater
- 2016. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped red tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the long south breakwater of the port. Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7388.5.
- Ḩālat Umm al Khayfān
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 20 s. 13 m (43 ft) tower, painted with red and white stripes, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. The lighthouse is the tower on the right in the view; we do not know the identity of the tower on the left. Located on a dangerous shoal about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Doha. Accessible only by boat. Operator: MENAS. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS QAT-003; Admiralty
D7382; NGA 29912.
- Jazīrat Ḩālūl
- Date unknown (listed at least by 1973). Active; focal plane 67 m (220 ft); flash every 12 s, white or red depending on direction. 5 m (17 ft) round lantern mounted on a circular white concrete base. Lantern painted black. Alexey Sergeev has a photo, and Kevin Nicholas has an aerial view of the island; the light is just visible on the hill at the center. The Qatar Design Consortium has a similar and somewhat larger view, and Google has a satellite view. Ḩālūl is a small, isolated island about 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Doha. In 2011 a contract was advertised for design of a new lighthouse and preservation of the old one; so far this project does not appear to have been carried out. The island is a major port for oil shipments and is nearly covered with the necessary facilities. Operator: MENAS. Located on the highest point of the island. Site and tower closed (access to the island is restricted). Operator: MENAS. ARLHS QAT-004; Admiralty
D7378; NGA 29816.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Iran | East: United Arab Emirates | West: Bahrain
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Posted April 4, 2012. Checked and revised May 19, 2017.
Lighthouses: 7. Lightfloats: 1. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.