Lighthouses of Southern Turkey

Most of the modern nation of Turkey occupies the broad peninsula of Anatolia (Asia Minor) between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. At its western end, Anatolia faces Greece across the Aegean Sea. This page includes Anatolian Turkey's lighthouses on the eastern Mediterranean coast, including the provinces of Hatay, Adana, Mersin, and Antalya.

The Turkish phrase for a lighthouse is fener (plural fenerler) or deniz feneri ("sea lantern"). Burnu is a cape or headland, ada or adası is an island, and limani is a harbor. Lighthouses in Turkey are operated by the Directorate General of Coastal Safety (Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume N of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.

General Sources
Seyir Yardımcıları (Navigational Aids)
Information on major lighthouses posted by the Directorate General.
Online List of Lights - Turkey
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. Many of the photos from this area are by Erich Hartmann.
Deniz Fenerleri
Photos of 22 lighthouses by Haluk Özözlü.
Leuchtfeuer an der türkischen Mittelmeerküste
Photos of 17 Mediterranean coast lighthouses posted by Bernd Claußen.
Lighthouses in Turkey
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Turkey
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Turkey South Lighthouses R Us
This site by C.W. Bash preserves a series of small photos formerly posted on the Directorate General's web site.
Leuchttürme in Türkei
Photos by Andreas Köhler.
Europäische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse (Asiatic Turkey is included on this page of European lighthouses).

İskenderun Light, İskenderun, March 2018
Google Plus photo by Oğuzhan Sıvacılar
Hatay Province (İskenderun Area) Lighthouses
Note: İskenderun (formerly called Alexandretta) is the seaport of the province of Hatay. Located on the south side of the Bay of İskenderun, Hatay faces west, rather than south, on the Mediterranean. After World War I Hatay became a province of the French mandate of Syria. The province broke off from Syria in 1938 and was annexed by Turkey the following year. It is still claimed by Syria.
* Çevlik (Antakya) Inner Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 3 s. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, painted white with one narrow red horizontal band. A 2-story Turkish Coast Guard station stands next to the lighthouse. Esad Emir has a photo, Trabas has Hartmann's view, and Google has a distant satellite view. Çevlik is the harbor of Antakya (ancient Antioch). Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5918.02; NGA 20834.
Akıncı Burnu (Resülhinzir)
1933 (French). Active; focal plane 109 m (357 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) stone tower with lantern and gallery, adjacent to a 1-1/2-story masonry keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white; house painted white with a red tile roof. Kasīm Ağirman's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Akıncı Burnu is the cape at the southern entrance to the Bay of İskenderun. Located on the heights above the point of the cape, about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of İskenderun. Site status unknown, apparently closed. ARLHS TUR-011; Admiralty N5917; NGA 20832.
* İskenderun (İskenderun Roadstead)
Date unknown (station established 1886). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white with one red horizontal band. Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at Büyükdere, about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of İskenderun. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-032; Admiralty N5916; NGA 20816.
* İskenderun Limanı (İskenderun Harbor) (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1864). Inactive. Approx. 36 m (118 ft) round concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and four ribs. Lighthouse painted white with a red vertical stripe on the seaward side, lantern and gallery black. Oğuzhan Sıvacılar's photo is at the top of this page, the red stripe is also seen in Abdulhameed Alkumity's 2017 photo, Wikimedia has a 2007 photo, Martin Stevens has posted a photo, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a satellite view. The original light was a mast on a keeper's house, but we need information on the history of the present lighthouse. Located on Fener Caddesi (Lighthouse Avenue) on the waterfront of İskenderun. Site open, tower closed.
İskenderun Fishing Harbor North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green flash every 3 s. 5 m (17 ft) square white concrete tower. Erdal Ozkaya has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of the traditional harbor of İskenderun. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5915.4; NGA 20825.
İskenderun Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green light, 2 s on, 1 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted green with a narrow white horizontal band. Karl Agre has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of İskenderun. Site and tower closed. Admiralty N5915; NGA 20820.
Akıncı Burnu Light
Akıncı Burnu Light, Hatay, July 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Kasım Ağırman; permission requested
İsdemir North Mole
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north mole at the İsdemir power station north of İskenderun. Site and tower closed. Admiralty N5914.4; NGA 20813.5.

Adana Province Lighthouses
* Yumurtalık Breakwater (Shelter Mole) (2)
2012 (?). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower colored white with a narrow red band. Ali Kemal Aydın has a 2018 street view, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a 6 m (20 ft) framework tower. Located at the end of the mole at Yumurtalık, on the north side of the Bay of İskenderun. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5875.2; NGA 20772.
* Karataş Small Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 5 s. 5 m (17 ft) round white concrete tower. Duygu Özcan has a very distant view of the two breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Karataş harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5874.5; NGA 20764.
Karataş Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 5 s. 5 m (17 ft) round white concrete tower. Duygu Özcan has a very distant view of the two breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Karataş harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5874.4; NGA 20760.
* Karataş (Karadash, Fener Burnu)
1864. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); white flash every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to the seaward side of a 1-story masonry keeper's house. The lantern has been added recently. Lighthouse painted white; house painted white with a red tile roof. A photo is at right, Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has a satellite view. It appears that the tower on this lighthouse was replaced, but the house may be original. The lighthouse marks the entrance to the Bay of İskenderun, at the extreme northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. Located on Karataş Burnu, also called Fener Burnu (Lighthouse Point), about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of the city of Karataş. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5874; NGA 20756.

Karataş Light, Karataş
unattributed photo from Mapio.net

Mersin Province Lighthouses
Deli Burnu (2)
2015 (station established 1977). Active (?); focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower, painted white. LighthousesRUs.org has a small Directorate General photo (second photo on the page), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Deli Burnu is the low cape formed by the delta of the Seyhan River, on the east side of the Gulf of Mersin. Bing has a satellite view of the original lighthouse, which was off the point of the cape. Located at the point of the cape, about 25 km (15 mi) east of Mersin (Içel). Site status unknown. Admiralty N5873.8; NGA 20752.
Mersin Limanı Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); green light occulting once every 3 s. 17 m (56 ft) triangular steel skeletal tower carrying a red triangular daymark, point up. Trabas has Capt. Peter Mosselberger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located near several large fuel tanks at the east end of Mersin's harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5873.2; NGA 20724.
Mersin Limanı Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); green light occulting once every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) triangular steel skeletal tower carrying a red triangular daymark, point up. Trabas has Capt. Peter Mosselberger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located about 190 m (620 ft) northeast of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5873.3; NGA 20728.
* Mersin (Içel) (2)
1883 (station established 1865). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 1-1/2 story masonry keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white with a red band around the base of the lantern; house painted white with a red tile roof. Nedim Ardoğa's photo is at right, Hüseyin Subaşı has a 2017 photo, Trabas has Hartmann's closeup photo, Özözlü has a panoramic view (first thumbnail in sixth row), and Google has a satellite view. Klaus Huelse has a historic postcard view in which the keeper's house is smaller. This is one of the most accessible lighthouses of Turkey's Mediterranean coast, but recent photos are surprisingly scarce. Located in Mersin, on the west side of the mouth of the river and about 1.5 km (1 mi) west of the modern harbor entrance. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-043; Admiralty N5872; NGA 20708.
İncekum Burnu (?)
Date unknown (station established 1864). Inactive since 2015. 13 m (43 ft) round skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a round platform supported by concrete piles. No photo available. and Bing has a distant satellite view. İncekum Burnu is a broad, sandy point about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of Taşucu. The original light was shown from a mast on a keeper's house at the tip of the point. The present light marked the end of the shoal offshore, about 1.5 km (1 mi) south of the point. It was replaced in 2015 by a lightfloat; we don't know if the lighthouse was removed. Bing's satellite view probably shows the lightfloat. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ex-Admiralty N5871.5; ex-NGA 20696.
Mersin Light
Mersin Light, Mersin, January 2011
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Nedim Ardoğa
Yarim Adası (Bölükada, Ovacık Yarimadası)
1993. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped metal or fiberglass tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. LighthousesRUs.org has a small Directorate General photo (third photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. Yarim Adası (Bölük Ada) is not actually an island, although it appears to be one from a distance; it is connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. Located at the southern point of Yarim Adası, about 8 km (5 mi) south of Yeşilovacık. Site status unknown. Site manager: Dilek Peninsula - Büyük Menderes Delta National Park. Admiralty N5867; NGA 20670.
Ovacık East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower with a narrow green horizontal band. Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has a distant satellite view. NGA has the colors of these breakwater lights reversed. Located at the end of the east (main) breakwater of Ovacık harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5866.51; NGA 20669.1.
Ovacık West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Ovacık harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5866.5; NGA 20669.
Anamur (Anamur Burnu)
1912. Active; focal plane 68 m (223 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery, attached to the seaward side of a 2-story masonry keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white with two narrow black horizontal bands. Tahir Ünal's photo is at right, Igor Buzatu has a 2016 photo showing the black bands, Trabas has Hartmann's closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Cape Anamur is the southernmost point of the Anatolian mainland, and the lighthouse here marks the west entrance to the Cyprus Strait separating Cyprus from Turkey. The cape is a rocky headland projecting abruptly into the Mediterranean. Located at the point of the cape, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of the city of Anamur. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-062; Admiralty N5862; NGA 20664.

Anamur Burnu Light, Anamur, May 2014
photo copyright Tahir Ünal; used by permission

Antalya Province Lighthouses
* Alanya North Breakwater
2011. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical tower with an open lantern. Entire lighthouse is white. Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Alanya harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5860.4.
** Alanya South Breakwater (2)
2009(?) (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); green flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is painted a light gray with a darker gray dome. Wikimedia has the fine photo at right, Věra Hyršová has a 2016 photo, Trabas has Werner Seiler's photo, and Google has a satellite view. This new lighthouse was built as a tourist attraction. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Alanya harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open; the tower is also open, but no information is available on the schedule. Admiralty N5860.45.
Alanya
1880. Active; focal plane 209 m (686 ft); one long (2 s) white flash every 20 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical masonry tower with lantern and gallery, attached to the seaward side of a 2-story masonry keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. Claußen has closeup photos, Trabas has Hartmann's photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Claußen's 2012 photos show a modern lamp on a short post behind the histori lantern; he was not able to determine if the light had been moved. Alanya is a modern resort city with very popular beaches, but looming above the beaches is a mountainous peninsula projecting into the Mediterranean. Atop the peninsula is the old fortified city of Alaiye, now called Alanya Castle, built by the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century as their capital. The lighthouse is near the south end of the peninsula, attached to the outer wall of the citadel. Site status unknown, but it should be possible to see this lighthouse from Kale (Castle) Road. ARLHS TUR-012; Admiralty N5860; NGA 20656.
* Side (Selimiye)
1974. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped metal or fiberglass tower with gallery. The lighthouse is white with one narrow red horizontal band. Andreas Köhler has a 2003 photo, Trabas has Hartmann's sunset photo, and Kürşad Ulkat has an evening street view, but the tower is hard to find in Google's satellite view. Located at a small boat harbor on a sandy cape projecting into the Gulf of Antalya at Side, a town about 40 km (25 mi) east of Antalya. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-045; Admiralty N5859; NGA 20652.
Alanya South Breakwater Light
Alanya South Breakwater Light, Alanya, 2010
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by kallerna
* Baba Burnu (Antalya) (2?)
1945 (station established 1869). Active; focal plane 35 m (155 ft); white flash every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) round tower with double gallery, attached to a 1-story keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white with a narrow black band under the gallery. A photo is at right, Mehmet Akdemir has a 2017 photo, Levent Şen has a street view showing the light in action, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse guides vessels into the harbor of Antalya, the principal port of southwestern Turkey. Located on a promontory on the southeast side of the city, about 6 km (3.5 mi) southeast of the port area. Located just off Lara Caddesi, the coastal road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-065; Admiralty N5858; NGA 20648.
* Antalya South Mole (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower, colored white with a narrow green horizontal band. Marek Roczniak has a view of the two mole lights, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo of the earlier light, a small skeletal tower. Located on the south mole of the old fishing harbor of Antalya. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5856; NGA 20644.
* Antalya North Mole (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower, colored white with a narrow red horizontal band. Marek Roczniak has a view of the two mole lights, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo of the earlier light, a small skeletal tower. Located on the north mole of the old fishing harbor of Antalya. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5857; NGA 20640.

Baba Burnu Light, Antalya, September 2014
Flickr photo copyright ankant; permission requested
Antalya New Harbor Lee Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white with a narrow green horizontal band. Trabas has Hartmann's photo, Osman Zeki Ertuğrul has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. The tower was previously all white, and for a time it was painted green with a white band. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Antalya's industrial harbor, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of the old harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-064; Admiralty N5855.4; NGA 20636.
Antalya New Harbor Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped metal tower, painted red with two narrow white horizontal bands. Prior to 2014 the lighthouse was painted white. Trabas has Hartmann's distant view, and Google has a satellite view. The tower was previously all white. Located at the end of the south (main) breakwater of Antalya's industrial harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-063; Admiralty N5855; NGA 20632.
[Çavus (Adrasar)]
1939. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white light, 1 s on, 2 s off, 2 s on, 10 s off. 10 m (33 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Nearby is a 1-story masonry keeper's house, painted white with a red tile roof. LighthousesRUs.org has a small Directorate General photo (sixth photo on the page), and a Google satellite view is available. Located on a promontory at the south entrance to the small bay of Adrasar, about 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Çavus and 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Cape Gelidonya. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5854; NGA 20624.
* Kemer West Pierhead
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical tower. Tower painted green with two narrow white horizontal bands. Trabas has Hartmann's closeup photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. In the past, the tower has been painted white. Kemer is a resort town about 40 km (25 mi) south of Antalya. Located on the west pier at Kemer. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5854.6.
* Kemer North Pierhead
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical tower mounted on the roof of a 1-story pierhead building. Tower painted red with two narrow white horizontal bands. Trabas has Hartmann's closeup photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. In the past, the tower has been painted white, and for a time it was red with wider white bands. Located on the main pier at Kemer. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5854.7.
Taşlık (Selidonya) Burnu (Cape Gelidonya)
1936. Active; focal plane 277 m (745 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story masonry keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white, house painted white with a red tile roof. A photo is at right, Wikimedia has a fine panoramic view of the cape and lighthouse by Knut Thieme, a 2017 photo is available, Scott Newman has a fine 2008 photo, Trabas has Hartmann's photo, Andet Ilyin has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. One of the most prominent capes of Turkey's Mediterranean coast, Cape Gelidonya has been the site of countless shipwrecks ever since the dawn of sea travel. The cape is a steep ridge that continues offshore as a line of rocky shoals and islands. The lighthouse is located on the point of the cape, a remote location accessible to backpackers by a hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-049; Admiralty N5850; NGA 20616.
* Finike West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted green with a narrow white horizontal band. Ahmet Oran has a street view, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the west breakwater at Finike, a resort town northwest of Cape Gelidonya. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5849.6; NGA 20612.
* Finike East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted red with a narrow white horizontal band. Ahmet Oran has a street view, andGoogle has a distant satellite view. Located on the east (main) breakwater at Finike. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5849.4; NGA 20608.
Finike
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every 7 s. 6 m (20 ft) round metal tower with a flared top, mounted on a round stone base. Tower painted white with two black horizontal bands. Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory about 2 km (1.25 mi) south of Finike harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5849; NGA 20604.

Taşlık Burnu Light, Cape Gelidonya, May 2014
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Onur Kocatas
* Kalkan Limanı
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white with a narrow green horizontal band. Pete Kiddy has a street view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The tower has also been painted green with a white band. Kalkan is a former fishing village, now a popular resort town, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Kaş. Located on the east side of the harbor entrance. Admiralty N5844.83; NGA 20566.
* Patara
Around 60 CE. Ruins of a Roman lighthouse built during the reign of Nero (54-68 CE). The surviving portion of the tower stands about 5 m (17 ft) high. Onat Erdogan has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. It was unearthed about 2005 by archaeologists studying the Roman port of Patara, an ancient Greek city annexed to the Empire in 43 CE. (St. Nicholas was born in Patera about 270 CE.) The ancient harbor eventually filled in completely and became a swamp; the lighthouse was apparently excavated from this sediment. The site is near the village of Gelemiş, about 10 km (6 mi) west of Kalkan in westernmost Antalya province. Site open.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: Northwest: Southwestern Turkey | East: Syria | South: Northern Cyprus

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Posted May 5, 2007. Checked and revised April 23, 2018. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.