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Dissertation Information for Betty Jo Irvine

NAME:
- Betty Jo Irvine

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- Indiana University (USA) (1982)

ADVISORS:
- David Kaser

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Herbert S. White
- Margaret Intons-Peterson
- Clayton A. Shepherd

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: FEMALE AND MALE ADMINISTRATORS IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH LIBRARIES: INDIVIDUAL AND INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLES INFLUENCING THE ATTAINMENT OF TOP ADMINISTRATIVE POSITIONS

Abstract: The focus of this study was to determine if the disproportionately small number of women in administrative positions in research libraries could be significantly associated with differential demographic and career characteristics of men and women and with differential characteristics of the institutions in which they held executive-level positions. Data were collected by questionnaires from librarians occupying positions of director, associate director, and assistant director in the ninety-nine academic libraries belonging to the Association of Research Libraries. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was utilized for computer generation of frequency distributions, chi-square analysis of crosstabulations, and t-test statistics. A total of 133 variables were analyzed for differences by sex. A total of 297 usable surveys were returned for 380 occupied positions (78.2 percent).

The findings indicated that selected demographic and career variables can be associated with the attainment of administrative positions in academic libraries by men and women. Institutional variables, however, did not exhibit any patterns which might characterize an institutional climate more or less receptive to female than to male administrators. Female library administrators were significantly younger than men, less likely to be married, had acquired fewer degrees beyond the master's degree in library science, and published less than men. Salient career differences by sex were related primarily to the number of years and posts in administration, internal recruitment patterns for women, number of position applications and offers, middle-management experience, and the presence of role models. Men had held more posts and had worked in administration for more years than women. Women were more likely than men to be recruited internally. Men were more likely than women to have applied for other positions and to have received position offers during the previous five-year period (1975 to 1980). Prior to becoming administrators, women had worked for a longer period of time at the middle-management level than men. The fathers and spouses of women were more likely than those of men to have provided managerial or professional role models. During their administrative careers, women were more likely than men to assume a position which had previously been defined by a female role model. Given the total number of variables encompassed by this study, there were fewer demographic and career differences by sex than expected.

MPACT Scores for Betty Jo Irvine

A = 0
C = 1
A+C = 1
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:07:21

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Betty Jo Irvine

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Joyce Taylor - Indiana University (1993)