Dissertation Information for Abul Fazal Muhammad Fazle Kabir
- Abul Fazal Muhammad Fazle Kabir
- Library and Information Science
- Indiana University (USA) (1982)
- David Kaser
- August Eberle
- Bernard M. Fry
- George Whitbeck
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: ORIGIN AND GROWTH OF LIBRARIES IN BENGAL FROM 1700 THROUGH BRITISH RULE, 1757-1947
Abstract: The study is an historical reconstruction of the origin, growth, the phases of development, and the trend of libraries of different types in Bengal from 1700 through the period of British administration, 1757-1947. The origins of different kinds of libraries at various levels are traced through the period under study. The first church or vestry library at Calcutta; proprietory commercial circulating libraries beginning in the 1770s; subscription public, community, and social libraries in and outside of metropolitan Calcutta; research and scholarly libraries; academic and such miscellaneous libraries as railway, military, and prison libraries are all delineated against the backdrop of the changing, growing society. The inception of the modern library movement and of professional library education are also examined.
A church or vestry library was set up at Fort William in Calcutta for the small English trading community, in the early part of the eighteenth century when a book collection began to accumulate. This effort was reinforced for over a quarter of a century by the sending of book packages by the Society for promoting Christian knowledge. In the period following the English victory in the battle of Plassey in 1757 and the subsequent consolidation of power, proprietory commercial circulating libraries originated with the flourishing book trade of imports from Europe. Many merchants combined trading of European goods and stationery with the running of circulating libraries. The subscription public, community, and social libraries involving increased public participation began in the third decade of the nineteenth century. The Calcutta Public Library (1835), first major library of this kind, remained in operation until its incorporation into the Imperial Library at Calcutta in 1902. Other public libraries elsewhere in Bengal came into being through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The rise of literary societies and their libraries formed an interlude between the two above phases. The trend reflected direct influence of literary societies in England.
The academic libraries had a modest beginning with the Calcutta Madrassah (1781) for the instruction of Muslim youths. The Fort William College founded for the training of English Junior Civil Servants of the East India Company and its library (1800) passed through several phases until its abolition and the relocation of its collections in other libraries..
MPACT Scores for Abul Fazal Muhammad Fazle Kabir
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calculated 2008-01-31 06:07:24
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