Dissertation Information for Hardy Rogers Franklin
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ADULT COMMUNICATION PRACTICES AND PUBLIC LIBRARY USE IN A NORTHERN, URBAN, BLACK GHETTO
Abstract: This study was designed to identify and describe the prevailing communication practices of a sample of residents of the urban, black ghetto community of Bedford Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, New York, and to determine the relationship, if any, between communication practices and the use of the public library. In addition, age, sex, marital status, income, education, and occupational variables were analyzed independently to discover their relationship, if any, to communication practices and use-nonuse of the public library. Scope and Procedure: The sample consisted of 400 subjects, of whom 340 were black, 40 Puerto Rican, 19 whites, and one Cuban. Analysis of data was limited to the 340 blacks – 158 males and 182 females. Data for the study were collected by the following means: 1. A statement in profile form of local branch library resources and services. 2. A community survey to collect data pertaining to communication practices and the use-nonuse of the public library. 3. A Communication Practices Index Scale to describe and analyze the kinds and degrees of viewing, listening, and reading habits of respondents. The statistical analyses and interpretation in this study were based primarily on the chi-square test for independence and for differences between relationships of 1) Communication Practices Index ratings and the variables of age, sex, marital status, income, education, and occupation; 2) frequency of use of the public library and the variables of age, sex, marital status, income, education, and occupation; and 3) Communication Practices Index ratings and frequency of use of the public library. The accepted level of confidence was .05. Findings: Analysis of data disclosed significant relationships as follows: 1. Between age and use of the public library: younger adults were more frequent users than older adults. 2. Between sex and use of the public library: females were greater users than males. 3. Between marital status and use of the public library: single respondents were more frequent users than married or widowed persons. 4. Between education and library use: the higher the level of education, the more frequent was use of the library by subjects of this study. 5. Between income and use of the public library: library use was found to increase with income. Also, the following significant relationships were disclosed: 1. Between sex and communication practices: females scored higher than males. 2. Between education and communication practices: the better-educated respondents made higher ratings on the Communication Practices Index. 3. Between income and communication practices: Communication Practices Index scores increased with income. 4. Between nonworking respondents: the nonworkers had higher Communication Practices Index ratings than workers. The interpretation of this result should be modified by recognition of the existence of students in the category. Finally, a significant relationship was found between Communication Practices Index ratings and frequency of use of the public library. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the hypothesis of correlation of high communication practices scores with frequent use of the public library.
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