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Dissertation Information for Terry Heisey

NAME:
- Terry Heisey

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- Rutgers University (USA) (1987)

ADVISORS:
- Henry Voos

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Richard W. Budd
- Daniel O'Connor
- David Dorsey

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: PARADIGM AGREEMENT AND REFERENCE CONCENTRATION: A STUDY OF REFERENCE OBSOLESCENCE AND DISPERSION IN THE LITERATURE OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Abstract: Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1970) describes the history of science as a succession of incompatible paradigms. The research front of "normal science" between periodic "scientific revolutions" advances because of universal agreement on a basic paradigm. By contrast, the arts and humanities tolerate, even encourge, many competing paradigms; scholarship is unfocused and fails to progress. Bibliometric reference analysis is used to test whether this dichotomy is reflected in patterns of citation and publishing. 227 critical (humanities) papers (with 13,355 references) drawn randomly from exhaustive Dead Sea Scrolls bibliographies are compared with 162 archaeological (scientific) papers (with 2494 references) drawn from the same population.

First, it is hypothesized that lack of paradigmatic unity in criticism by diffusing research and impeding assimilation of individual papers will result in more references to older sources (slower synchronous "obsolescence") than is the case in archaeological papers. References in critical papers in general (with and without inclusion of ancient sources) and articles in particular (with/without classics) are found to have significantly higher average "ages" than references in archaeology. Archaeological, but not critical, references cluster on a research front. Diasynchronous "obsolescence rates" when adjusted for changes in number of citing and citable papers suggest a negative exponential relation between citation and age for archaeological papers but no decline in use with age for critical papers. Second, the archaeological component of the Dead Sea Scrolls literature is found, as hypothesized, to be concentrated, unlike criticism, in the years of discovery (1948-62). Third, periodicals (rather than less-timely monographs) are found as hypothesized to account for significantly more archaeological than critical papers, references, and references in articles only. Fourth, archaeological (paradigmatic) references are found, as hypothesized, to be significantly more concentrated than are critical references in fewer core journals and authors. Author productivity (Lotka) exponent is lower (less dispersion) for archaeological papers. Fifth, paradigm agreement is hypothesized to result in greater author collaboration. Co-authorship is found to be greater in archaeology, but not significantly so.

MPACT Scores for Terry Heisey

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calculated 2008-01-31 06:09:44

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Terry Heisey

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- None