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Dissertation Information for Raymond E. Durrance

NAME:
- Raymond E. Durrance
- (Alias) Raymond Edward Durrance

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- University of Wisconsin, Madison (USA) (1975)

ADVISORS:
- Richard D. Walker

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- William Landram Williamson
- James Krikelas

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: A COMPARISON OF CHARACTERISTICS OF JOURNAL ARTICLES OF LABORATORY SCIENCEAND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

Abstract: A stratified random sample (n=600) of journal articles was examined using journal article analysis, a modification and expansion of citation analysis, to compare differences in characteristics of two inter-disciplinary literatures, environmental science and laboratory science. Environmental science was represented by ecology, meteorology, geophysics, and oceanography and laboratory science by genetics, biochemistry, physics and chemistry. Sources for selection of journal articles were major abstracting and indexing services covering the disciplines under examination. Characteristics examined where age of material typically cited, rate of journal citation, journal title dispersion, language dispersion, number of pages per article, number of references per article, and number of authors per article. Data were tested using a Mann-Whitney U-test procedure (P<0.05). Results indicate significantly greater differences between characteristics of test groups (environmental-laboratory science) than between control groups (life-physical science) in four of seven characteristics examined. Specifically, journal articles in environmental science have fewer authors and more pages per article, cite more non-English language materials and more non-journal formats. Test groups did not have significantly greater differences than controls in number of references per article, age of cited articles, and journal title dispersion. Journal article analysis is recommended to other researchers as a method for standardizing scientific literature characterizations and for developing standard profiles of journal articles in a variety of subject areas. It is a suitable method for comparing single disciplines and inter-disciplinary groups.

MPACT Scores for Raymond E. Durrance

A = 1
C = 2
A+C = 3
T = 1
G = 1
W = 1
TD = 1
TA = 0
calculated 2008-07-25 20:07:36

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Raymond E. Durrance

ADVISEES:
- Patricia Rae Shelden - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1982)

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Murilo Bastos da Cunha - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1982)
- Gleniece Malinda Armstrong Robinson - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1982)