Dissertation Information for David Ray Dowell
- David Ray Dowell
- Library and Information Science
- University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA) (1986)
- Lester E. Asheim
- Ray Warren Carpenter
- James Fauntleroy Govan
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: THE RELATION OF SALARY TO SEX IN A FEMALE DOMINATED PROFESSION: LIBRARIANS EMPLOYED AT RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC CENSUS REGION
Abstract: This study employed multiple regression and path analysis to examine the relation of gender to the salaries paid to librarians employed in research universities in the South Atlantic Census Region. Women, in this study, earned almost $5,000 less than men. Women had less supervisory responsibility, had completed fewer graduate degrees outside library science, had less professional service in university wide organizations and library professional organizations, and also had less publishing activity than did men. When twenty such factors were held constant, men still earned almost $1,200 more than women.
Level of position in the organization was the most powerful predictor of salary--alone accounting for almost 60% of all variance in salaries. This was followed by years of experience as a librarian, number of librarians supervised, years of service in university wide organizations, and level of highest degree in other disciplines. Together these five variables explained more than three fourths of all variance in salaries. After these variables were taken into account, no other variable explained as much as half of one percent of additional variance.
Women were more likely to be compared favorably with men in contributing to their library than to university wide or professional organizations. Women viewed women's contributions more favorably than men viewed women's contributions whether the arena of service was the library, the university, or the profession. This finding is particularly important because men were much more likely to be in administrative positions where their judgments of professional worth could be translated into decisions effecting hiring, promotion, training opportunities, initial salary and raises. Therefore, the under-representation of women in library management may retard the advancement and rewards of other women in librarianship.
MPACT Scores for David Ray Dowell
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calculated 2008-01-31 06:19:53
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