Dissertation Information for Thomas Schott
- Thomas Schott
- Columbia University (USA) (1986)
MPACT Status: Incomplete - Inspected
Title: MODELS OF SOCIAL RELATIONS: INTERNATIONAL AND INTERPERSONAL INFLUENCE IN SCIENCE; MATHEMATICS IN DENMARK AND ISRAEL
Abstract: "A relation to one actor from another is considered a combination of one actor's attractiveness as propensity to receive relations generally, the other's expansiveness as propensity to send relations to actors in general, and their particular relation as their relation to one from the other in particular. Given relations among actors, components can be estimated by a loglinear model expressing the logarithm of a relation as the sum of the two propensities as main effects and the particular relation as an interaction term.
Stratification among related actors can be described by decomposing each relation into its components. A propensity is a criterion of vertical stratification. Structural equivalence as actors' identical particular relations with all actors is a criterion of horizontal stratification as related statuses.
Nations related by trade were stratified horizontally in nine statuses, geopolitical regions. Vertical stratification in economy was less than in science, given by international scientific influence. Horizontal stratification in science had six statuses, resembling those in trade. This horizontal stratification existed beyond the often described center and periphery.
Influence by one actor upon another was hypothesized to be promoted by the actor's resources and by ties between the two. This implies the hypotheses that ties between the two shape their particular influence, and that an actor's resources shape propensity to exert influence, influentiality, which may be affected also by the actor's overall ties with others.
This applies to international scientific influence. Influentiality of a national scientific community was promoted by its resourcs specified as expertise and apparently also by its overall ties specified as foreign collegial contacts. Particular influence by one community upon another was affected by collegial and educational ties between them.
Interpersonal influence between scientists within a country was explained similarly, evidenced by the mathematicians in Denmark and Israel. A mathematician's influentiality was based on expertise and was also promoted by overall collegial ties. Particular influence by one mathematician upon another was shaped by collegial and educational ties between them.
International contacts also affected scientific productivity, as evidenced by mathematical research in Denmark and Israel."
MPACT Scores for Thomas Schott
A = 0
C = 1
A+C = 1
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:24:56
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