Dissertation Information for Janise Richards
- Janise Richards
- Library and Information Science
- University of Texas, Austin (USA) (2000)
- E. Glynn Harmon
- Billie Grace Herring
- Brooke E. Sheldon
- Elizabeth T. Hewins
- Steven Harold Kelder
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: Public health informatics: A consensus on core competencies
Abstract: This descriptive study identified competencies and the supporting skills and knowledge in public health informatics for public health informaticians and for general public health practitioners.
Within the study's integrationist research design, which combines both qualitative and quantitative methods, the methods used were telephone interviews and a web-based Delphi survey. The interviews were substituted for round one of the traditional Delphi method. The interview data were analyzed using a constant comparison method and the final results were used to develop the Delphi survey items. A snowball sampling technique identified the study participants who met the selection criteria of expertise in public health informatics, public health education, public health practice or informatics education. Nine experts participated in the interview process and 23 in the Web-based Delphi.
The interview results provided a new definition for public health informatics: Public health informatics is the innovative application of information science, computer science and information technology to improve management of information in public health practice and research, ultimately improving the health of the community.
The interview results also indicated that public health informatics had four core domains: organizational and systems management, information systems, information technology, and public health sciences. Within these domains were 12 competencies and 60 supporting skills and knowledge items. After two rounds of the Web-based Delphi survey, the items reached consensus. Nine of the 12 competencies were determined to be critical and three were determined to be important for public health informaticians. For the general public health practitioner, two competencies were determined to be important, eight moderately important, and two insignificant. Of the supporting skills and knowledge, 55% were considered critical, 42% important, and 3% moderately important for public health informaticians. For general public health practitioners 20% were critical, 26% important, 36% moderately important and 18% insignificant or not important.
This research can provide a foundation for developing public health informatics curricula in graduate programs and schools of public health and public health workforce training programs.
MPACT Scores for Janise Richards
A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:25:56
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