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Dissertation Information for Eliza T. Dresang

NAME:
- Eliza T. Dresang
- (Alias) Eliza Dresang

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- University of Wisconsin, Madison (USA) (1981)

ADVISORS:
- Margaret Monroe

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Mary L. Woodworth
- Robert Parker Hawkins
- James Krikelas
- Leroy Aserlind

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: COMMUNICATION CONDITIONS AND MEDIA INFLUENCE ON ATTITUDES AND INFORMATION USES: THE EFFECTS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS SELECTED IN RESPONSE TO STUDENT INTERESTS ABOUT MAINSTREAMING AND DISABILITIES

Abstract: The theoretical and conceptual questions were: (1) What are optimum communication and selection conditions for media on specified subjects to have desired effects in a teaching-learning environment? (2) Will students have uses for the media-presented information and under what communication and selection conditions? The specified subjects were mainstreaming and disabilities. The communication conditions consisted of user or no user input prior to media selection. The selection conditions were the choice of materials based on student-expressed interests, on teacher and librarian perceptions of student interests or unrelated to student interests on the topic.

The pretest-posttest experimental design had 120 sixth-grade students randomly assigned to six groups. Independent variables were method (communication conditions) and material (media in relation to selection conditions. Dependent variables with data gathering instruments were information retention with multiple choice factual test; positive difference in attitude with Semantic Differential test; and positive difference in intended behavioral change with Sociometric test.

The data was analyzed with Dunn's Multiple Comparison of Means test with means adjusted for covariate from ANCOVA tests. t tests were used to examine pretest-posttest change.

An exploratory phase followed the experimental phase. Sixteen students were interviewed using a technique designed to elicit information about the uses students had for information presented in the media. Results were coded with a "helps and utilities" content analytic scheme.

Statistically significant results (p < .05) showed a more positive attitude toward disability in groups receiving media based on student-expressed interests. In this experiment the choice of materials based on user-expressed interest is the optimum selection condition for desired results. The absence of positive results toward mainstreaming may be explained by the paucity of media about mainstreaming. (A comprehensive, annotated Media List about mainstreaming and disabilities is included in the study.) No statistically significant results were obtained in relation to communication conditions. However, an impact of communication conditions was suggested by the exploratory data.

Exploratory phase results revealed more movement-oriented uses for the information among students expressing interests and more uses of all kinds among students receiving media based on student-expressed interests.

Findings were related to the role of librarians as media and communications experts.

MPACT Scores for Eliza T. Dresang

A = 5
C = 9
A+C = 14
T = 5
G = 1
W = 5
TD = 5
TA = 0
calculated 2012-08-14 19:04:24

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Eliza T. Dresang

ADVISEES:
- Paula Haver Chambers - Florida State University (2001)
- Christopher Thomas Hart - Florida State University (2008)
- Annette Y. Goldsmith - Florida State University (2009)
- Colette L. Drouillard - Florida State University (2009)
- Kyungwon Koh - Florida State University (2011)

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Abdulrazzaq H. Ali - Florida State University (1997)
- Scharlotte Saxon - Florida State University (1997)
- Willette F. Stinson - Florida State University (1998)
- Sharyn Johnson Ladner - Florida State University (2004)
- Renee E. Franklin - Florida State University (2006)
- Angelina Totolo - Florida State University (2007)
- Antoinette Graham - Florida State University (2010)
- Janet Capps - Florida State University (2011)
- Eric Matthew Meyers - University of Washington, Seattle (2011)