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Dissertation Information for Maxine K. Rochester

NAME:
- Maxine K. Rochester

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- University of Wisconsin, Madison (USA) (1981)

ADVISORS:
- William Landram Williamson

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Gertrude B. Herman
- Robert L. Koehl

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: AMERICAN INFLUENCE IN NEW ZEALAND LIBRARIANSHIP AS FACILITATED BY THE CARNEGIE CORPORATION OF NEW YORK

Abstract: The Carnegie Corporation of New York was established in 1911 with the broad aim of advancing and diffusing knowledge and understanding among the people of the United States and the British Dominions and Colonies. New Zealand as a British Dominion was eligible for Carnegie support. The Corporation library program in New Zealand repeated the pattern of library development support that the Corporation followed in the United States and also in the other British Dominions of Canada, South Africa, and Australia. This study traces the Carnegie program for library development in New Zealand in the 1930s and analyzes the process by which the change occurred.

The Carnegie Corporation had used surveys in the United States before initiating development programs; for example, the C.C. Williamson survey of education for librarianship. In the British Dominions the same strategy was followed. In 1928 S.A. Pitt, librarian of Glasgow Public Library, and Milton J. Ferguson, the California state librarian, surveyed South African Libraries. Then, in 1934, Ralph Munn of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh surveyed libraries in Australia where he was assisted by E.R. Pitt, an Australian librarian, and in New Zealand where he was assisted by John Barr, a New Zealand librarian.

The publication of the surveys and their recommendations led in each case to self-questioning and planning and to a subsequent Carnegie aid program, adapted to the individual needs of each country. For all the Dominions, fellowships and travel grants provided for formal study or observation trips in the United States and Europe, and other grants supported professional associations and education for librarianship. Carnegie grants went to projects suggested by local institutions or planning groups, preferably including lay community leaders. In all the Dominions there were grants for the development of college and university library collections; these grants were the most extensive in New Zealand and Canada. By 1941 the Second World War had effectively checked most Carnegie programs in the British Dominions except for Canada.

This study considers first the situation in New Zealand in the 1930s, and then the nature of librarianship in the United States in the 1930s. How Carnegie grants to New Zealand librarianship were initiated, firstly for adult education library purposes and then for university college libraries, is traced. Travel grants to New Zealanders for study and observation trips in the united states, sometimes extended to include Canada and Europe are detailed. The Munn-Barr report and subsequent setting up of the Country Library Service with government instead of Carnegie funding are considered. The final program reported is the 1938 Carnegie grant to the New Zealand Library Association. An assessment of how American influence operated to bring about changes in New Zealand librarianship in the period 1931-1941, while the Carnegie Corporation was actively engaged in furthering library development, concludes this study.

MPACT Scores for Maxine K. Rochester

A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:27:09

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Students under Maxine K. Rochester

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- None