Dissertation Information for Victor Janvier Bikai-Nyunai
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: Cognitive styles match and mismatch in autotutorial computer-based instruction: Effects of paired learning on flowcharting achievement by individuals
Abstract: Students learn with innate cognitive attributes which have been proven to differ significantly among them. This study aims at determining which cognitive attributes should be composed in a dyad, in order for effective learning to take place. Based on their scores on the Thurstone and Jeffrey closure flexibility test, 158 graduate students at the University of Michigan were classified as field dependent (FD), field independent (FI) or average (the latter students played the role of control group). 30 FDs, 30 FIs, and 20 Average subjects were randomly selected. FDs and FIs were randomly assigned to matched or mismatched learning condition. Students in all groups learned flowcharting materials as pairs through a microcomputer-based flowcharting program using Hypercard, and later, took a flowcharting performance test individually. The learning time per dyad and the flowcharting scores were recorded. Seven hypotheses are made: (1) There is significant evidence that the dyad composition strategy based upon cognitive styles in learning affects statistically subjects' flowcharting performance. (2) There is significant evidence that FI subjects perform better on flowcharting tasks than FD, regardless of their learning condition. (3) FI subjects from group-1 (FI-FI) perform better on flowcharting tasks than any other FI from group-2 (FI-FD). (4) FD subjects from group-2 score higher in flowcharting tasks than any FD from group-3. (5) There is significant evidence that the composition of pairs based upon their cognitive styles on learning, affects statistically the speed of pairs on learning tasks. (6) Matched pairs FI-FI, spend less time on autotutorial instruction than any other pairing strategy. (7) Matched pairs FD-FD (group-3) spend less time on autotutorial instruction than mismatched dyads.
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