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Dissertation Information for Marne Lyn Campbell

NAME:
- Marne Lyn Campbell

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- History

SCHOOL:
- University of California, Los Angeles (USA) (2006)

ADVISORS:
- Brenda E. Stevenson

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Stephen Anthony Aron
- Kevin Terraciano
- Richard Alan Yarborough

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: Heaven's ghetto? African Americans and race in Los Angeles, 1850--1917

Abstract: This study is a social history of African American community formation, cultural expression, and internal as well as external political, social, and economic relations in Los Angeles from the era of Reconstruction through the First World War. It begins with a history of the founding families of Los Angeles (since more than half of them were of African descent), and then moves on to discuss the creation and community experiences of two principal classes, the property-holding social elite, and those of meager circumstances. This research employs social history and community history as the primary methodologies to evaluate sources for this dissertation. Building on the work of Quintard Taylor (1998), Lawrence B. de Graaf, et al. (2001), and Douglas Flamming (2005), and primary sources, this dissertation demonstrates the ways in which Anglo Americans marginalized blacks and other people of color in Los Angeles and the American West.

This dissertation makes note of great attempts to create a functioning, cohesive African American community. It also suggests notions of class conflict, which become evident even in investigating the establishment of a racial hierarchy in Los Angeles, and where African Americans fit within that context. This conflict manifests most significantly at the turn of the century during the Azusa Street Revival, a predominantly working class religious movement. W. E. B. Du Bois visited the city at the beginning of the movement's decline, yet neglected to investigate it because he focused solely on the black elite. The black working class responded to the influences of the middle class and elite sectors of their community by engaging in mass participation in this particular movement. The movement itself provides a good lens for which to study the largest component of the African American community in Los Angeles, the working class.

MPACT Scores for Marne Lyn Campbell

A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-08-09 07:18:36

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Students under Marne Lyn Campbell

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- None