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Dissertation Information for Patricia Goheen

NAME:
- Patricia Goheen
- (Alias) Patricia A. Goheen

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- Case Western Reserve University (USA) (1971)

ADVISORS:
- William Goffman

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Andrew D. Booth
- Conrad H. Rawski
- Donald M. Wolfe

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: A Method for Increasing the Efficiency of Instruction

Abstract:
The basic problem of this study was to develop a method for increasing the efficiency of the instructional process at the introductory level.

An experimental approach was employed to compare two methods Łor doing the outside oŁ class assignments in support of a course in library science instruction.

The plan called for the control groups to do the outside of class assignments in the conventional manner: by the reading of assigned articles and books. The experimental groups were to do the outside of class assignments by attending a learning station. The material available to them at the learning station covered basically the same content area as that available to the control groups. The difference was in the provision of a format which was designed to clarify the organization and interrelationships of the subject matter. and which would accomodate student differences through the provision of several levels or paths.

The experimental design which provided the structure for this study was a Solomon Four Group design. modified by the addition of the rotation group method.

The following hypotheses were tested:

Hypothesis I

There is no significant difference in the achievement scores on the experimental test between control and experimental groups.

Hypothesis II

There is no significant difference between the achievement scores for relevant questions on the course, Library Science 500, test between control and experimental groups.

Hypothesis III

There is no significant difference in the time required to complete the outside of class assignments between control and experimental groups.

Hypothesis IV

There is no significant difference in attitudes expressed towards the outside of class assignments between control and experimental groups.

The major statistical test used in the analysis of the data was the Mann-Whitney U. This analysis resulted in the rejection, at the .05 level of significance. of hypotheses I, III. and IV. In connection with hypothesis I. the experimental groups achieved significantly higher scores than did the control groups. In connection with hypothesis III. the experimental groups took significantly less time to complete the outside of class assignments than did the control groups. In connection with hypothesis IV, theexperimental groups expressed a significantly more favorable
attitude towards the outside of class assignments than did the control groups. There was no significant difference, in connection with hypothesis II, between the experimental and control groups in their achievement scores on the relevant questions on the course, Library Science 500, test.

In light of the results of this study, the following major conclusions seem warranted:

1. The learning station pattern of instruction is highly effective in bringing a group of students to a guaranteed criterion level with respect to a specified body of knowledge.
2. The learning station pattern of instruction for completing the outside of class assignments provides a significant savings of student time, as compared to the conventional pattern.
3. The learning station pattern of instruction is conducive to the creation of a more favorable attitude, on the part of the students, towards the outside of class assignments in support of a course.

MPACT Scores for Patricia Goheen

A = 2
C = 1
A+C = 3
T = 18
G = 2
W = 16
TD = 10
TA = 1
calculated 2008-04-09 12:50:42

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Patricia Goheen

ADVISEES:
- Thomas L. Hart - Case Western Reserve University (1974)
- Barbara Jean (Ferrier) Dompa - Case Western Reserve University (1975)

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Thomas J. Galvin - Case Western Reserve University (1973)