Dissertation Information for Curtis J Bonk
MPACT Status: Incomplete - Not_Inspected
Title: The effects of generative and evaluative computerized prompting strategies on the development of children's writing awareness and performance
Abstract: A total of 164 children in the sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grades were blocked according to low and high writing ability, and then randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) a control group or (2) an experimental group which received computer prompts, think sheet scaffolds, and expert modeling of prompts. Results from dimensional and wholistic assessments of written products indicated that students did not improve their writing performance as a result of exposure to prompts over a six week period. Internalization of writing control strategies as measured by the Index of Writing Awareness (IWA), open-ended guidance questions in writing, and a prompt sort task all failed to favor the treatment group. However, students' wholistic scores in writing were significantly correlated with their awareness of writing skills and strategies. In addition, keystroke analyses revealed that students in the treatment group lowered the number of surface level changes they were making per 100 words of text when the prompts were available, but increased their textual scanning/repositioning while the prompts were available. Surface changes were negatively correlated with students' wholistic scores, while repositioning within text was positively correlated with wholistic scores. A computer attitudes questionnaire indicated that the treatment group considered the computer more helpful than did the control group in creating a sense of audience and in providing opportunities to evaluate their own compositions.
MPACT Scores for Curtis J Bonk
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