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Dissertation Information for Barbara H Kwasnik

NAME:
- Barbara H Kwasnik
- (Alias) Barbara Kwasnik

DEGREE:
- Unknown

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- Rutgers University (USA) (1989)

ADVISORS:
- James D. Anderson

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Nicholas Belkin
- Daniel O'Connor
- Michael Nilan

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: The influence of context on classificatory behavior

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate and describe the influence of context on the process by which people organize and classify their own documents in their own personal information space.

The research problem is (1) to elicit a description of context in which the person finds him or herself on the occasion of the behavior being studied; (2) to identify what documents are significant in this context; (3) to observe and describe how and under what circumstances the documents are differentiated, classed, and integrated into a meaningful whole; (4) to isolate from this process those dimensions of the user's context and features of documents that are salient for the user; and (5) to identify patterns of this behavior and to discover what rules are followed when people create and organize meanings. The goal is to produce a conceptual model of the users' organizing processes.

Eight university faculty members, men and women from a variety of disciplines and of various academic ranks, were asked to describe their own offices in terms of the organization of what each of them defined as documents. Each subject was also asked to sort a day's mail. Following the data analysis, four of the eight subjects were interviewed once again, at which time the researcher used the results of analysis as a guide and tried to sort and classify each subject's mail as he or she might have.

The major findings were that context does, to a great extent, influence classificatory decisions. The relationship of context to behavior remains relatively stable across the cases. Another finding is that it is possible to elicit information about cognitive processes from participants within the context in which the behavior takes place. People are able to articulate the process by which classification decisions were made, and the data produced by this articulation lend themselves to analysis at a level which can yield general rules about the behavior.

Implications of this study for system design are that it might be advantageous to explore ways of modelling typical contexts, since these seem to be important in classification decisions made within personal information environments.

MPACT Scores for Barbara H Kwasnik

A = 4
C = 38
A+C = 42
T = 4
G = 1
W = 4
TD = 4
TA = 0
calculated 2014-03-08 20:24:26

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Barbara H Kwasnik

ADVISEES:
- Hannah Francis - Syracuse University (1998)
- Makiko Miwa - Syracuse University (2000)
- Claire Urfels - Syracuse University (2000)
- Silvia Barcellos Southwick - Syracuse University (2001)

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Carol L. Barry - Syracuse University (1993)
- Lorraine M. Duvall - Syracuse University (1993)
- Judith A. Moline - Syracuse University (1993)
- Gregory B. Newby - Syracuse University (1993)
- Philip Doty - Syracuse University (1995)
- Sanda Erdelez - Syracuse University (1995)
- Christopher Soo-Guan Khoo - Syracuse University (1995)
- Michael Lawrence McHale - Syracuse University (1995)
- Corinne Jorgensen - Syracuse University (1996)
- Howard Rosenbaum - Syracuse University (1996)
- William Moen - Syracuse University (1998)
- Chatpong Tangmanee - Syracuse University (1999)
- Woojin Paik - Syracuse University (2000)
- Jee Yeon Lee - Syracuse University (2001)
- Kyunghye Yoon - Syracuse University (2002)
- Charmaine Barreto - Syracuse University (2003)
- Jiangping Chen - Syracuse University (2003)
- Anne Diekema - Syracuse University (2003)
- Nelson Massad - Syracuse University (2003)
- Jeffrey Pomerantz - Syracuse University (2003)
- Shahren Ahmad Zaidi Adruce - Syracuse University (2004)
- Muh-Chyun Tang - Rutgers University (2005)
- Hala Annabi - Syracuse University (2005)
- Nasriah Zakaria - Syracuse University (2006)
- Stacy B. Veeder - Syracuse University (2006)
- Victoria L. Rubin - Syracuse University (2006)
- Svetlana Symonenko - Syracuse University (2007)
- Heshan Sun - Syracuse University (2007)
- Ji-Hong Park - Syracuse University (2007)
- Edgar Dale Thompson - Syracuse University (2008)
- Mary E. McKenna - Syracuse University (2008)
- Richard Morgan Southwick - Syracuse University (2009)
- Christina M Finneran - Syracuse University (2010)
- Saira Naim Haque - Syracuse University (2010)
- Jaime Snyder - Syracuse University (2012)
- Mary Grace Flaherty - Syracuse University (2013)
- Mohammad Hosein Jarrahi - Syracuse University (2013)
- Keisuke Inoue - Syracuse University (2013)