Cézanne, Paul: Portraits

Even Cézanne's pictures of people can be regarded as still lifes, because he demanded that his models sit absolutely still. Sitting for him was something of a nightmare. Not only was he foul-tempered, he was an extremely slow painter, probably the reason his subjects always look tired and sombre. Ambroise Vollard, the dealer who arranged Cézanne's first one-man show a century ago, posed 115 times for a single painting, sitting absolutely still "like an apple" and then Cézanne, dissatisfied, abandoned the picture with only two unpainted spots remaining. He told Vollard that with luck he would find the correct color and could finish the painting. "The prospect of this made me tremble," noted Vollard in his biography of the painter. In the artist's eye, there was no difference between a human sitter and a bowl of fruit, except that the reflection value and the palette were different. In the end, both his subjects and his fruit wilted.

Image Portrait of the Artist's Father
c. 1866 (170 Kb); Oil on canvas, 198.5 x 119.3 cm (78 1/8 x 47 in); National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

More details Portrait de Victor Chocquet

More details Chocquet Seated

Image Hortense Fiquet in a Striped Skirt
1877-78 (160 Kb); Oil on canvas, 72.5 x 56 cm (28 1/2 x 22"); Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Venturi no. 292

Image Le paysan (Peasant)
c. 1891 (130 Kb); Oil on canvas, 56 x 46 cm (22 x 18 1/8"); Private collection; Venturi no. 567

Image Boy in a Red Vest (Garçon au gilet rouge)
1888-90 (130 Kb); Oil on canvas, 65.7 x 54.7 cm (25 7/8 x 21 1/2 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

Image Woman in a Red-Striped Dress
1892-96 (120 Kb); Oil on canvas, 93.2 x 73 cm (36 3/4 x 28 3/4 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

More details Seated Peasant

More details Portrait of Gustave Geffroy

Geffroy, Gustave (1855-1926) A radical journalist who commenced his career on Clemenceau's paper Justice. His literary activities later took many forms; he wrote extensively about current political and social injustices and published a number of novels with a strongly Realist bent. His interest in painting and especially in Impressionism was kindled by a visit he paid to Manet's studio in 1876, as a consequence of which he came into contact with all the other artists of the group, as well as Rodin, and maintained an on-going correspondance with most of them. His closest connection was with Monet, whom he first met at Belle-Ile in 1886 and about whom, some 30 years later, he wrote a book -- Claude Monet, sa vie, son temps, son oeuvre (1824) -- which is still valuable in many ways.

All his writings about Impressionism are significant and amongst the most intelligently perceptive of his time. His articles about contemporary art were collected in the eight volumes of La Vie artistique, published between 1892 and 1903, the third volume, entitled Histoire de l'impressionisme, being the most comprehensive book about the movement that had so far appeared. It consisted of a historical opening section followed by individual chapters devoted to each artist. He also wrote introductions to the catalogues of one-person exhibitions by Pissarro, Monet, Rodin and Morisot, as well as to that of the sale of the Burty collection. He ended his career as the director of the Gobelins tapestry factory.

Image Child with Straw Hat
1896 (220 Kb); Oil on canvas, 81 x 65 cm (31 7/8 x 25 5/8 in); Galerie Yoshii, Tokyo; Venturi no. 698

Image Joachim Gasquet
1896 (120 Kb); Oil on canvas, 65.5 x 54.5 cm (25 7/8 x 21 3/8"); Narodni Galerie, Prague; Venturi no. 694

Image Portrait of Henri Gasquet
c. 1896-97 (130 Kb); Oil on canvas, 56.2 x 47 cm (22 1/8 x 18 1/2 in); McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX

Image Jeune homme à la tête de mort
1896-98 (130 Kb); Boy with Skull; Oil on canvas, 130.2 x 97.3 cm (51 1/4 x 38 1/4 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

Image Portrait of Ambroise Vollard
1899 (140 Kb); Oil on canvas, 100.3 x 81.3 cm (39 1/2 x 32 in); Musee du Petit Palais, Paris; Venturi 696

Image Young Italian Girl Resting on Her Elbow
c. 1900 (150 Kb); Oil on canvas, 92 x 73 cm (36 1/4 x 28 3/4 in); Collection Dr. and Mrs. William Rosenthal, New York; Venturi 701

Image Woman Seated in Blue
1900-02 (120 Kb); Oil on canvas, 88.5 x 72 cm (34 3/4 x 28 3/8"); State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; Venturi no. 705
or: 1902-06; Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Image Portrait of Vallier
1906 (200 Kb); Oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm (25 5/8 x 21 1/4 in); Private collection; Venturi 718

Image Man in a Room
Oil on canvas, 80 x 57.2 cm (31 1/2 x 22 1/2 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

Image The Drinker
Oil on canvas, 45.7 x 37.5 cm (18 x 14 3/4 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

© 19 Sep 2002, Nicolas Pioch - Top - Up - Info
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