Lighthouses of Indonesia: Lombok

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The arc of the Sunda Islands begins in the west with the major islands of Sumatra and Java, and continues eastward through a chain of smaller islands known in English as the Lesser Sunda Islands and in Indonesian as the Nusa Tenggara ("Southeastern Islands"). This page includes lighthouses of Lombok, an island united with Sumbawa as West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) Province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, gili or pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor. In addition the word for an island is nusa in Balinese and gili in the Sasak language spoken on Lombok and Sumbawa.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photgraphers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.

Trawangan Light, November 2007
ex-Panoramio photo copyright GerlingenDH; used by permission
Note: Lombok is a roughly circular island with a tail extending to the southwest. On the west it is separated from Bali by the deep Lombok Strait and on the east it is separated from Sumbawa by the narrow and shallow Alas Strait. The northern half of the island is dominated by the active Rinjani volcano, the second tallest of Indonesia's many volcanos with an altitude of 3726 m (12,224 ft). The population of Lombok is more than 3 million.

Lombok Barat (West Lombok) Regency: Southwest Peninsula Lighthouses
Pulau Shopialouisa (Sophia Louisa Reef, Magnet Reef)
2007 (?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white, mounted on a platform supported by piles. A photo (halfway down the page, also seen at right) and another photo are available and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) off a promontory on the west side of Belongas Bay, on the southwest coast of Lombok. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty Q1299.2.
Tanjung Batu Gendang (Pandanan South) (2?)
2010 (?). Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the southwestern tip of Lombok, marking the southeastern entrance to the Lombok Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1299; NGA 25570.
Tanjung Bangko-Bangko
2008 (?). Active; focal plane 108 m (354 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) white skeletal tower. Andrey Miroshnikov has a view and a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the northern tip of Lombok's southwestern peninsula, marking the entrance to Lembar Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1298.9.

Pulau Shopialouisa Light, Lombok Barat
photo by Lombok Atraktif; permission granted for educational use


Lombok Barat (West Lombok) Regency: Lembar Area Lighthouses
Note: Lembar, near the southwestern corner of Lombok, has a magnificent natural harbor. It is the island's largest port and also the terminal for ferries to and from Padangbai, Bali.
Gili Poh (Pulau Gilipoh)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (43 ft) round white tower with gallery mounted on a platform. Dewi Suhendri has a fuzzy 2018 photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of a small island about 15 km (9 mi) west of Lembar. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty Q1296.7; NGA 25571.
Tanjung Bunutan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft) (?); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) 2-stage tower, including a square skeletal tower mounted atop a white concrete tower. The tower is at the far right of Phermana Rendy's view from the sea and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists this light as "Labuan Tring Bay" and lists its height as 12 m (39 ft); this is apparently the height of the skeletal section. Located on a steep promontory on the west side of the entrance to Lembar. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1297; NGA 25568.
Kramat Port
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted red. Google has a distant street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the entrance to the inner harbor of Lembar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1298.4; NGA 25564.
Kramat Starboard
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); green flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted red. Google has a distant street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the entrance to the inner harbor of Lembar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1298.43.
Kramat East Port
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted red. Google has a distant street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) northeast of the Kramat Port light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1298.35; NGA 25565.5.
Kramat East Starboard
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted green. Google has a distant street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) east northeast of the Kramat Starboard light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1298.3; NGA 25565.
Lembar Harbor
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) 2-stage tower, including a square skeletal tower mounted atop a white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Like the similar Tanjung Banutan lighthouse, this tower appears to be much taller than its listed height of 13 m (43 ft). Located on a hilltop on the north side of the entrance to the inner harbor of Lembar. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1298; NGA 25560.

Mataram City Lighthouses
* Ampenan (3)
Date unknown (station established 1897). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); three white flashes, separated by 9 s, every 45 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. Tenga Karta has a closeup street view (also seen at right) and Google has a satellite view and a more distant street view. This tower has replaced a tapered square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Best Soebianto has a 2010 photo of the previous light. The first lighthouse, also a skeletal tower, had a focal plane of only 12.5 m (41 ft). Located at Ampenan, a seaside neighborhood of Mataram, the capital of West Nusa Tenggara Province. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-099; Admiralty Q1296; NGA 25552.

Ampenan Light, Mataram, February 2017
Google Maps street view by Tenga Karta

Lombok Utara (North Lombok) Regency Lighthouses
* Pulau Trawangan (Trewangan, Gili Trawangan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This lighthouse and the Gili Selang Light on Bali frame the northern entrance to the Lombok Strait. Trawangan, westernmost and largest of the three Gili Islands, is a tourist-oriented island off the northwestern coast of Lombok. Note: the word gili means "small island" in the Sasak language spoken traditionally in Lombok, so "Gili Islands" is redundant. Located on the west side of the island. Accessible only by boat, but ferry transportation is available from Bali as well as from the Lombok mainland. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1295; NGA 25554.
Tanjung Agaragar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 5.5 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near the northernmost point of Lombok. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1294.5; NGA 25551.

Lombok Timur (East Lombok) Regency (Alas Strait West Side) Lighthouses
Gili Petagan (Pulau Petagan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square platform. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse warns vessels away from a group of reefs and islets off the northeastern coast of Lombok. Located a short distance southeast of the Petagan reef, the largest of the reefs, about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the port of Labuhan Lombok. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1301; NGA 25576.
Gili Lebur (Pulau Lebur)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); quick-flashing white light. 10 m (33 ft) tower with gallery mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Upper half of the tower painted black, lower half yellow. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The light guides vessels pass a large shoal area on the south side of the approach to Lombok harbor. Located at the northern edge of the shoal. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1300.2; NGA 25573.
Teluk Lombok (Tanjung Bonae)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse painted white. Hermit Parwoto's photo is at right, a distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory sheltering the harbor of Labuhan Lombok, the only protected harbor on the northeastern coast of Lombok and the terminal for ferries across the Alas Strait to Sumbawa. Site status unknown, probably open. Admiralty Q1300.1; NGA 25573.5.
Labuhan Haji North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (43 ft); green light, pattern unknown. This light is at the left in M. Yusuf's photo of the two breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Accessible by walking the breakwater, although the last section is a scramble over rocks. Site open, tower closed. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Labuhan Haji South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (43 ft); red light, pattern unknown. 7 m (23 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower painted red. Andreas Pangemanan has a photo, M. Yusuf has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Accessible by walking the breakwater, although the last section is a scramble over rocks. Site open, tower closed. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Teluk Lombok Light
Teluk Lombok Light, Pringgabaya, May 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Hermit S. Parwoto; used by permission
Tanjung Ringgit (2?)
2014(?). Active; focal plane 110 m (361 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Several keeper's houses and other station buildings. Fuad Iskandar has a 2018 closeup photo and Google has a January 2015 street view, a closeup street view of the station gate (the light tower is hidden behind trees), and a satellite view. In 2013 the Admiralty reported the lighthouse "destroyed" and replaced by a temporary beacon. However, it's possible that only the lantern was removed and replaced by a modern beacon. The lighthouse is surrounded by a national forest reserve. Located on a promontory at the southeastern tip of Lombok, marking the southern entrance to the Alas Strait. Site status unknown. Site manager: Tanjung Ringgit Eco Region. ARLHS IDO-326; Admiralty Q1300; NGA 25572.

Lombok Tengah (Central Lombok) Regency: South Coast Lighthouse
Tanjung Bungkulan (Ekas Bay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 95 m (312 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Lia Apriliani has a 2019 closeup photo, Lewin Williams has a 2018 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Note: There is another Tanjung Bungkulan lighthouse in Bali. Located on a sharp promontory on the west side of the entrance to Teluk Awang (Ekas Bay), about 35 km (22 mi) west of Tanjung Ringgit. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1299.3; NGA 25571.5.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Sumbawa | West: Bali

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Posted January 10, 2009. Checked and revised May 16, 2019. Lighthouses: 20. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.