Lighthouses of Indonesia: Sumbawa

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The arc of the Sunda Islands begins in the west with the major islands of Sumatra and Java, and continues eastward through a chain of smaller islands known in English as the Lesser Sunda Islands and in Indonesian as the Nusa Tenggara ("Southeastern Islands"). This page includes lighthouses of Sumbawa, an island united with Lombok as West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) Province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, gili or pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor. In addition the word for an island is nusa in Balinese and gili in the Sasak language spoken on Lombok and Sumbawa.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photgraphers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Tanjung Pakijongan Light
Tanjung Batu Besar Light, Sumbawa
photo copyright Rob Hurvitz; used by permission
Note: Sumbawa is about 240 km (150 mi) long and very mountainous in terrain and irregular in shape. It is separated from Lombok to the west by the Alas Strait. Teluk Saleh, a large embayment on the north coast, nearly cuts the island in half. On the east the Sape Strait separates Sumbawa from the smaller island of Komodo (famous for its giant lizards) and the much larger island of Flores. The population of Sumbawa is about 1.3 million.

Sumbawa Barat (West Sumbawa) Regency (Alas Strait East Side) Lighthouses
Tanjung Talonan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) 2-stage tower, including a square skeletal tower mounted atop a white concrete tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on heights of the southwest coast of Sumbawa, about 25 km (15 mi) east southeast of Tanjung Mangkun. Site status unknown; this is a very remote area. Admiralty Q1299.4.
Tanjung Mangkun
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 5 s. Listed only as a white beacon; Bing's satellite view shows a post or skeletal tower mounted on a round white concrete tower. No photo available. Located at the tip of the very steep promontory at the extreme southwestern tip of Sumbawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1299.5; NGA 25569.
Tanjung Maloh (Benete Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 126 m (413 ft); white flash every 7 s. Thus light is apparently carried on a pyramidal skeletal communications tower, probably at least 25 m (82 ft) tall. Lighthouse painted white. Several station buildings. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located on a high promontory near the southwestern tip of Sumbawa, marking the southern entrance to the Alas Strait. Site status unknown; there is an unpaved road to the station. Admiralty Q1299.56; NGA 25572.7.
Pulau Ular
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery. Rob Hurvitz has a photo showing the lighthouse enclosed by a daymark painted with black, white and red horizontal bands, but this daymark had been removed prior to Simon Potter's 2010 photo at right. Lightphotos.net has a view from the sea, Ririn Ambar has another view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northwestern coast of Sumbawa, marking the northern entrance to the Alas Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but there's a good view from ferries crossing the strait. ARLHS IDO-358; Admiralty Q1305; NGA 25574.
Tanjung Tano (Poto Tano)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) round tower rising from a square 1-story equipment room. Tower painted green, equipment room white. Taufan Rahmadi has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Poto Tano, in the lee of Tanjung Tano, is the terminal for ferries arriving from Labuhan Lombok. Located on a sharp promontory on the northwestern coast of Sumbawa. Site status unknown, but there's a good view from ferries crossing the strait. Admiralty Q1306; NGA 25574.4.

Pulau Ular Light, Alas Strait, June 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Simon Potter; used by permission

Sumbawa Regency North Coast Lighthouses
Badas Entrance West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Google has a street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef on the east side of the entrance to Badas, a seaport in Sumbawa Bay about 3 km (2 mi) west of the traditional island capital of Sumbawa Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1308.1; NGA 25603.
Badas Entrance East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Google has a street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef on the east side of the entrance to Badas. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1308.
Badas
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a triangular platform supported by piles. Google has a distant street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located in the estuary at Badas. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1307.3; NGA 25604.
Tanjung Menangis
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 45 m (148 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Harri Daryanto's photo is at right and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory about 16 km (10 mi) north of Sumbawa Besar. Site status unknown. Not listed by the Admiralty or by NGA.
Pulau Medang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Several coast guard buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Medang is an island off the north coast of Sumbawa and northwest of Pulau Moyo, about 40 km (25 mi) north of the port of Sumbawa Besar. Located on the north coast of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-222; Admiralty Q1304; NGA 25584.
Tanjung Menangis Light
Tanjung Menangis Light, August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Harri Daryanto; used by permission
Tanjung Srae
2016. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located just off a headland at the northeastern corner of Pulau Moyo, marking the entrance to the Batahai Strait, which separates the island from the northern peninsula of Sumbawa. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1308.3.

Dompu Regency North Coast Lighthouses
Note: The north coast of Dompu Regency includes the east coast of Teluk Saleh (Saleh Bay), the long embayment that nearly separates Sumbawa into two parts.
Tanjung Pekat (Calabai)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Fēng Guó Jǐng has a photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Calabai, a small port on the east side of the entrance to Saleh Bay through the Batahai Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1308.2.
Tanjung Brenti
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located just off a headland about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of the entrance to the Batahai Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1308.35.
Pulau Satonda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Satonda is a small island only 1.6 km (1 mi) off the north coast of Sumbawa. The island is a volcanic cone with a huge caldera that has been invaded by the sea; thus the island is shaped like a ring. Located at the edge of the reef on the southeast side of the island, marking the passage between the island and the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1308.38.

Bima Regency: Northwest Coast Lighthouses
Tanjung Pakijongan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 32 m (105 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the northernmost point of Sumbawa and at the foot of Mount Tambora, a giant and dangerous volcano that exploded in 1815 in the largest volcanic eruption of modern history. Accessible only by boat, most likely. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IDO-361; Admiralty Q1308.4; NGA 25602.
Tanjung Batu Besar (Batubesar)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 21 m (69 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Robert Hurvitz took the photo at the top of this page and Google has a closeup street view and a good satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north coast of Sumbawa, about 50 km (30 mi) northwest of Raba. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1308.5; NGA 25606.
Tanjung Kotabaru (Benteng Utara)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); green flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower fully enclosed by metal panels. Entire lighthouse is green. Firman Herdiansah has a closeup photo and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the tip of sharp promontory projecting into the west side of lower Bima Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1310.6; NGA 25593.

Bima City Lighthouses
Note: Bima, the largest city of Sumbawa, has a population of about 150,000. The city is built on the east side of Bima Bay, a fjord-like inlet about 30 km (19 mi) long.
* Lawata (Wadumbolo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); four white flashes every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square concrete pier. No photo available, but Google has a closeup street view and a good satellite view. Located just off the beach at Lawata, a town on Bima Bay about 3 km (2 mi) south of Bima (see next entry). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1309.5; NGA 25610.
* Bima (2)
2008. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 29 m (95 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Abi Royen has photo (a portion is at right) and Google has a street view and a satellite view. NGA formerly listed a tower with a focal plane of 14 m (46 ft). Located on the main quay at Bima. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1310; NGA 25608.
Benteng Selatan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower fully enclosed by metal panels. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the Bonto power plant on a promontory on the east side of lower Bima Bay. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q1310.4; NGA 25594.
Tanjung Lampasapi (Lampa Sapee)
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower fully enclosed by metal panels. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located just off the coastal highway at a promontory on the east side of lower Bima Bay, marking the entrance to the narrow portion of the bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1309; NGA 25588.

Bima Light, Bima, December 2017
ex-Google Plus photo by Abi Royen

Bima Regency: East Coast (Sape Strait) Lighthouses
Pulau Sangeang (Sangeang Api) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. Octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Mike Gregory's photo is at right, Paul Koerber also has a view from the sea, and Google has a good satellite view. NGA lists this light as a "white beacon" with a focal plane of 21 m (69 ft). From the photos, it's clear that the focal plane of the present lighthouse is much higher and the tower itself is at least 25 m (82 ft) tall. Pulau Sangeang is a circular volcanic island about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter and about 10 km (6 mi) off the northeastern tip of Sumbawa. The volcano is one of the most vigorously active of all the Indonesian volcanos. Located on the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1310.7; NGA 25613.
Tanjung Naru
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several coast guard station buildings. No photo available but Google has a good satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Sumbawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1310.8; NGA 25614.
Nisa Sanai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round fiberglass (?) tower mounted on a square base. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on Nisa Limbu, a small island off the north end of Nisa Sanai, an island sheltering the bay of Bajo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1311.2; NGA 25617.
Pulau Sangeang Light
Pulau Sangeang Light, October 2007
Flickr photo copyright Mike P. Gregory; used by permission
Tanjung Toronaganuri
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) 2-stage tower, including a square skeletal tower mounted atop a white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a good satellite view. This lighthouse guides vessels into Bajo, Sumbawa's principal port on the Sape Strait at the eastern end of the island. Located on a promontory about 5 km (3 mi) north of Bajo. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1311; NGA 25616.
* Bajo (Badjo, Teluk Sape)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower mounted on a square 1-story equipment shelter. Ata Kondas's photo is at right and Google has a distant street view and an indistinct satellite view. Bajo is a terminal for ferries crossing the Sape Strait to Sape, Flores. Located at the ferry terminal on the main quay of Bajo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1311.5; NGA 25618.
Pulau Kelapa Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 149 m (489 ft); white flash every 11 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Several coast guard station buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Kelapa is an island in the Sape Strait off the southeastern tip of Sumbawa; the range guides vessels southbound through the strait. The front light is on a 4 m (13 ft) tower. Located near the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1312.1; NGA 25624.
Tanjung Toro Jampang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 95 m (312 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Yudha Pocong has a view from the beach, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape at the entrance to Waworada Bay, an east-west embayment on the southeast coast of Sumbawa, about 35 km (22 mi) south of Bajo. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314; NGA 25628.
Nisa Bea (Nisabea Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) white tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a small, uninhabited island in the middle of Waworada Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.1.
Bajo Light
Bajo Light, Bajo, September 2013
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Ata Kondas
Waworada East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); green flashing light. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower painted green and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Efi Fauziah has a distant view and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) southeast of the quay of the new Waworada port on the north side of Waworada Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.12.
Waworada Port
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. Ari Fahriansyah has a distant view and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the quay at the new Waworada port. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.11.
Waworada West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); red flashing light. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower painted red and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) west of the quay of the new Waworada port. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.13.

Dompu Regency South Coast Lighthouses
Tanjung Toro Doro (1)
Date unknown. Inactive. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located beside the current lighthouse (next entry). Site status unknown.
Tanjung Toro Doro (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 40 m (131 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a prominent cape on the central south coast of Sumbawa, about 25 km (15 mi) south of Madawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.5.

Sumbawa Regency South Coast Lighthouse
Tanjung Mata
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. 40 m (131 ft) 2-stage tower, including a square skeletal tower mounted atop a white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a cape in Labangka. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1314.2.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: South Sulawesi | East: Northeastern Sundas | West: Lombok

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Posted January 10, 2009. Checked and revised May 17, 2019. Lighthouses: 35. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.