Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northeastern Sulawesi (Celebes)

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. This page includes the lighthouses of the northeastern portion of Sulawesi (Celebes), a major island in the northern part of the country.

Shaped like an artistically drawn letter K, Sulawesi consists mostly of four narrow peninsulas. The Makassar Strait separates Sulawesi from Kalimantan (Borneo) to the west. The Celebes Sea is north of the island, the Banda Sea is to the east and southeast, and the Flores Sea is on the south. Makassar, also called Ujung Pandang, is the major port. This page includes lighthouses on the east side of the island in Sulawesi Tengah (Central Sulawesi) Province. The province also has a short coast on the west side of the island; lighthouses on that coast are described on the Western Sulawesi page.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Pulau is an island and karang is a reef.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. F and Vol. Q
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.

Ampana Light, Ampana, November 2017
Google Plus photo by Arlin Windaryanti
Parigi Moutong Regency Lighthouses
Note: Parigi Moutong is a narrow coastal regency that curves in a semicircle around the west end of the Gulf of Tomini, the gulf separating the Minnehasa (North) Peninsula and the East Peninsula of Sulawesi.
Pulau Panabean
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. No description given, but since the islet is quite low a tall skeletal tower would be required. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a dangerous reef off the north coast of the Gulf of Tomini. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2086.5; NGA 25238.
* Tomini
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located in the village of Tomini on the northwestern coast of the Gulf. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2087; NGA 25237.
Karang Rode Loji
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Parigi. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q2076.5.
* Parigi (Logi) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square white skeletal tower. The tower is seen at the far left in Muh Fadjar's photo and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a 7 m (23 ft) tower said to be "on the beach." Located behind the ferry terminal at Parigi, the regency capital, on the southwestern shore of the Gulf of Tomini. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1576; NGA 25240.

Poso Regency Lighthouse
* Poso
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 2 s on, 1 s off. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal at Poso, a town of about 40,000 residents and an important regional port at the southwestern corner of the Gulf of Tomini. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1574; NGA 25248.

Tojo Una-Una Regency Lighthouses
* Ampana
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower. Arlin Windaryanti has a photo (a portion appears at the top of this page), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the quay at Ampana, a town on the south shore of the Gulf of Tomini. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1573.
Pulau Una-Una
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Una-Una is an isolated volcanic island north of the Togian Islands in the Gulf of Tomini; the Colo volcano that forms the island erupted in 1983. Located at the foot of the pier at the settlement on the east side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1577; NGA 25238.5.
* Wakai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. Edi Yamin has a 2018 view, the top of the tower is seen over the building in Lasahido Saleh's photo, Daniel van Hauten has a fuzzy street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the quay at Wakai, a fishing port at the northeastern corner of Pulau Batudaka, the westernmost of the Togian Islands. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1579.
Pulau Bukabuka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Pulau Bukabuka, an island midway between the mainland and the western end of the Togian Islands. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1572.7; NGA 25261.
Tanjung Komali (Komnali)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Described only as a "white beacon." No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the cape. This light guides vessels entering the Gulf of Tomini from the south. Located on the northwestern tip of Pulau Waleabahi, the easternmost of the Togian Islands. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1580; NGA 25262.

Banggai Regency Lighthouses
* Bunta
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, pattern unknown. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower. Syahir Ihwar has a closeup photo (also seen at right) and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal at Bunta, a town on the mainland opposite the Togian Islands. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1572.6.
Selat Walera (Walera Strait)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 13 m (43 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This light guides vessels in a narrow passage through a reef connecting the southeast end of the Togian Islands and the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1572; NGA 25260.
Pagimana (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. This appears to be an appropriate tower for this light, although it does not match the location listed by the Admiralty. Located on a bluff nehind the waterfront of Pagimana. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1572.4; NGA 25258.
Bunta Bunta Light, Bunta, May 2017
Google Maps photo by Syahir Ihwar
Pagimana Range Front
Date unknown. Active; foal plane about 14 m (46 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Seen in the distance at the right edge of a photo by Jemmy Dimitrius; Bing has a satellite view. This appears to be an approach range for Pagimana. Located on a shoal about 400 m (1/4 mi) off the ferry port at Pagimana. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed.
Pagimana Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; foal plane about 21 m (69 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 21 m (69 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Seen in the foreground at the right edge of a photo by Jemmy Dimitrius; Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal just off the waterfront at Pagimana. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed.
* Dermaga Pagimana
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. Ronald Rumampuk has a street view and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The Admiralty lists this light as "Kr Pagimana," probably a misprint for "Dr Pagimana." Dermaga means "dock." Located behind the ferry terminal at Pagimana. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1572.5; NGA 25248.5.
Pulau Pasir
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. The light and the next one guide vessels around the end of the East Peninsula of Sulawesi. Located on a reef about 25 km (15 mi) north of the east end of the peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1571.5; NGA 25260.2.
Pulau Sendiri
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon," probably a square skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. No photo available and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the reef. The light and the previous one guide vessels around the end of the East Peninsula of Sulawesi. NGA misspells the name as Sensiri. Located on a reef abour 15 km (9 mi) north of the east end of the peninsula and 15 km (9 mi) east of Pulau Pasir. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1571; NGA 25260.5.
Luwuk North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. This light is in the foreground of Shen Chen's photo and Widdy Rachman's similar photo and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Chen's photo is at right. Luwuk is the capital of Banggai Regency and a city of about 60,000 residents, located on the south side of the eastern peninsula of Sulawesi across the Peleng Strait from Pulau Peleng. Located just offshore on the north (starboard) side of the entrance to Lalong Bay, the city's harbor. Accessible only by boat but there are good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566; NGA 25252.
Luwuk South (Tanjung Tumbuk) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square red skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. This light is in the background of Shen Chen's photo and Widdy Rachman's similar photo and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a 10 m (33 ft) tower. Located just offshore on the south (port) side of the entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat but there are good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566.4; NGA 25257.
Mondono (Mendono)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located just off a promontory about 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Luwuk. Accessible only by boat but there must be good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1565.5; NGA 25249.

Luwuk North (left) and South Lights, Luwuk, March 2017
Google Maps photo by Shen Chen
* Tangkiang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a square white 1-story equipment building. The light is at the far right in Radita Kurniawan's photo, Eric Pajow has a similar photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the quay at Tangkiang, a small port about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Luwuk. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1565.4.

Kepulauan Banggai (Banggai Islands) Regency Lighthouses
Note: The Banggai Islands are an archipeligo off the south side of Sulawesi's East Peninsula; the oddly-shaped Pulau Peleng is by far the largest of the islands. The Peleng Strait (Selat Peleng) separates the islands from the Peninsula.
Tanjung Kembani
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) "white beacon," probably a skeletal tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the southern tip of Peleng. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1565; NGA 25274.3.
Karang Thames (Thames Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 1.5 s on, 2.5 s off. 14 m (46 ft) tower (probably skeletal) mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available and Google's satellite view has only a blurry spot for the reef. Located about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Pulau Peland in the southern entrance to the Pelang Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.8; NGA 25274.2.
Tanjung Tobo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located beside a road on a prominent point of land on the north coast of Pulau Peleng. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566.6; NGA 25275.
Tanjung Bankalanutara
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view that may show the tower. Located in dense forest on the north end of Pulau Bangkalan Pauno, marking the south side of the entrance to the Peleng Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1566.7; NGA 25275.5.
Pulau Bangkalan Selatan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef at the entrance to the harbor of Bangkalan, a smaller island in the opening of Bekalan Bay, a deep bay on the north side of Pulau Peleng. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1566.75.
* Salakan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 17 m (56 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted atop a waterfront building. Eko Wahyudiantoro has a photo (also seen at right) but the tower may be too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal in Salakan, a town on the southeastern shore of Bekalan Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1567.
Pondipondi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 84 m (276 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on Pulau Tambun, a small island off the northeastern side of Pulau Peleng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1567.6; NGA 25275.58.

Salakan Light, Salakan, December 2017
Google Maps photo by Eko Wahyudiantoro

Tanjung Sambiut
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 14 m (46 ft) white tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located in the surf a short distance north of Abason village on the southeast coast of Pulau Pelang. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1567.7; NGA 25275.8.

Banggai Laut Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Toulon Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) red barbell-shaped fiberglass tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. This light guides vessels in the Kahumbahgan Strait separating Pulau Peleng from Pulau Banggai. Located at the northern tip of Pulau Toulon Besar, a smaller island just off the west coast of Pulau Banggai. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1567.8; NGA 25275.9.
* Pulau Banggai (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 17 m (56 ft) square white skeletal tower. Eko Wahyudiantoro has a street view and Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a very small tower with a continuous red light. Located on the quay at the town of Banggai, on the west coast of Pulau Banggai. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1568; NGA 25276.
Pulau Buangbuang (Buang Buang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 5 s. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a small island at the southeastern tip of the Banggai group, marking a narrow passage between the Banggai reefs and those of the Sula group in North Maluku province. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1569; NGA 25380.

Morowali Utara (North Morowali) Regency Lighthouses
Ambang Luar (Tomori Bay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. Described as a beacon with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available and the light does not appear in Google's satellite view. This light marks the entrance to the Tomori Bay, a complex embayment at the base of Sulawesi's eastern peninsula. Located about 16 km (10 mi) offshore. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1563; NGA 25264.
Tanjung Matube
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 4 s. 16 m (52 ft) "beacon," probably a green skeletal or fiberglass tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view of the area. Oddly, NGA lists the light as "Tanjung Mposo." Located on the north side of the entrance to Tomori Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1564; NGA 25272.
Tanjung Bea
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory near the base of Sulawesi's eastern peninsula, near Morowali. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1563.5; NGA 25268.
Karang Dalam Oll
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a reef in the center of the entrance to the Tomori Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.2; NGA 25273.
Kolonodale
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Sukri Ukhy's photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located at the harbor of Kolonodale, the regency capital and a seaport on the west coast of Tomori Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1564.7; NGA 25274.

Kolonodale Light, Kolonodale, October 2015
Google Plus photo by Sukri Ukhi
Teluk Tomori South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 1.5 s on, 2.5 s off. 14 m (46 ft) red barbell-shaped fiberglass tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This light guides away from shoals at the southern entrance to Tomori Bay. Located at the nortnhern tip of Pulau Toulon Besar, a smaller island just off the west coast of Pulau Banggai. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1563.2; NGA 25266.

Morowali Regency Lighthouses
Note: The Morowali Regency includes the Menui Islands, a ragged chain extending east southeast into the Banda Sea.
Karang Bungku
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Muhammad Ilham has a distant view and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a reef that provides some partial shelter to the port of Bungku, the regency capital. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1562.9.
Tanjung Losoni
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) white skeletal tower, probably with lanern and gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. This light stands on a promontory at Losoni on the central east coast of Sulawesi. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-311; Admiralty Q1562.93; NGA 25274.6.
Karang Samaringa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal mast with gallery painted red and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef northwest of Pulau Samaringa, a small island at the western end of the Menui Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1559.95; NGA 25278.
Pulau Menui (Manui)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This major lighthouse marks the eastern end of the Manui Islands. Located on heights above the southeastern point of Pulau Manui, a 12 km (7.5 mi) long high island about 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Kendari. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1559.8; NGA 25279.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Sulawesi | East: North Maluku | Southeast: Central Maluku | South: Southeast Sulawesi | West: Western Sulawesi

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Posted December 18, 2008. Checked and revised April 4, 2019. Lighthouses: 42. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.