Indonesia has been independent since 1945 after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.
Sumatra (or, in the Indonesian spelling, Sumatera) is the world's sixth largest island and the westernmost of the major islands of Indonesia. It is separated from Malaysia to the north by the Malacca Strait, from Borneo to the northeast by the broad Karimata Strait, and from Java to the southeast by the Sunda Strait. Its south coast faces the open Indian Ocean.
Sumatra is divided into eight provinces. This page includes lighthouses of the east coast of North Sumatra Province. Lighthouses of the west coast of North Sumatra Province are described on the Northwestern Sumatra page.
The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, bukit is a hill, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, sungai is a river or estuary, teluk is a bay or harbor, and pelabuhan is a port.
Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Marine Navigation (Direktorat Jenderal Navigasi Laut).
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. (Volume F includes lights north of the Equator and Volume Q includes lights south of the Equator.) U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
Tanjung Sibungabunga Light, Serdang Bedagai, October 2017
Google Maps photo by Galang Pandu Satria
Pulau Salahnama Light, Batubara, October 2014
ex-Google Plus photo by Amri Hakim
Sei Berombang Light, Sei Berombang, March 2018
Google Maps photo by Ahyar Ahyar
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Eastern Aceh | Northeast: West Malaysia South Coast | South: Eastern Sumatra
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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised January 17, 2021. Lighthouses: 26. Site copyright 2021 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.