Lighthouses of South Korea: Southern Wando Islands

For most of its history Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910 when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945 the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses on the south side of the island county of Wando located off South Korea's southwest coast. Wando is a county of Jeollanam Province in the region of southwestern Korea formerly known as Jeolla or Cholla. There is another page for the northern islands of the county.

Navigational aids in the ROK are regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). The lights on this page are maintained by the Mokpo Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Port of Mokpo - Lighthouses
Photos and information in English for the major lighthouses of the area.
Mokpo Beacon Photos
Photos posted by the Mokpo MOF office.
World of Lighthouses - South Korea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.


Dangsado Light, Bogil District
Port of Mokpo photo

Cheongsan District Lighthouses
Cheongsando is a round island, about 7 km (4.5 mi) in diameter, located in the Korea Strait about 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Wando Island. The island has a population of about 2600 and is a popular resort.
* Cheongsando (Chunsando, Chunsan To) South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted red. Jongho Lim has a view from the harbor and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of Cheongsando harbor, on the northwest side of the island. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.4; NGA 17336.
* Cheongsando (Chunsando, Chunsan To) North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Kim Bong-sun's photo is at right, Lee Jeong-mook has another photo, and Google has a satellite view. Accessible by walking the pier. Located on the north breakwater of Cheongsando harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.6; NGA 17338.
Somodo (Stanley Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the highest point os Somodo, an island about 10 km (6 mi) west northwest of Cheongsando. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4280; NGA 17332.
Yeoseodo (Yoso Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 89 m (292 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. A good photo is available but clouds block Google's satellite view; Bing has a distant satellite view. This appears to be a historic lighthouse, but we need information on its history. Yeoseodo is an isolated island in the Korea Strait about 25 km (15 mi) south of Cheongsando. Located on heights above the west side of the harbor, on the north coast of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4284; NGA 17316.
Cheongsando Light
Cheongsando North Breakwater Light, Cheongsan, October 2008
ex-Panoramio photo copyright Kim Bong-sun; used by permission
* Yeoseodo West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted red. Núria Asghar Rafiq has a closeup photo, Dong-Hyun Han has a sunrise photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Yeoseodo harbor, on the north side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4285.1; NGA 17316.5.
* Yeoseodo East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft (?)); green flash every 5 s (?). 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater of Yeoseodo harbor, on the north side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4285.

Soan District Lighthouses
The remaining lighthouses of Wando County are in a group of islands lying about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Wando itself. Soando is the easternmost of these islands.

Hoenggando
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 4 s. 5 m (16 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the northern tip of Hoenggando, a smaller island off the north coast of the larger island of Nohwado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.4; NGA 17320.
Hoenggando East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the eastern tip of Hoenggando, a smaller island off the north coast of Bogildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.45.
Gaksiyeo (Gagsiseo, Kaksi So)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a reef about 1.6 km (1 mi) north of Soando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.5; NGA 17324.
Daeseo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef just off the northwestern tip of Soando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.6; NGA 17325.
 
Soan Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Soan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.8; NGA 17327.
Soan Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted green. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Soan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.85; NGA 17327.1.
Tanyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with double gallery. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available and Google has a satellite view. Located just off the southwestern coast of Soando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.88; NGA 17327.4.
Dangsado (Jagaedo, Chagaedo, Dongsado) (1)
1909. Inactive since 2008. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view of the station. 1-story coast guard station buildings. In 2008 plans were announced to restore the lighthouse and open it to visitors on the occasion of its 100th anniversary in 2009. Jagaedo (Dongsado) is a small island south of the larger island of Bogildo and about 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Wando. There is ferry service from Wando to Bogildo, and transportation to Jagaedo can be arranged. Located on the southeastern point of the island. Site open, tower closed.
Dangsado (Jagaedo, Chagaedo, Dongsado) (2)
2008 (station esatblished 1909). Active; focal plane 109 m (358 ft); white flash every 20 s. 21 m (69 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Rotating aerobeacon. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof is red. Fog siren (8 s blast every 48 s on request). A photo is at the top of this page and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on the southeastern point of the island. Site open; the tower is evidently open but we have no details. Admiralty M4282; NGA 17340.

Old Dangsado Light, Soan District
Wando County government photo

Nohwa District Lighthouses
Nohwado is an island about 5 km (3 mi) in diameter located northwest of Soando and north of Bogildo.

Seokdo (Sokto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) tower painted black with one yellow horizontal band. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about halfway between northern Soando and southern Nohwado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.7; NGA 17326.
Cheongri (Jungri, Chungri)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green light, pattern unknown. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted green. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the southernmost point of Nohwado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4279.73.
Seoneobdo (Seoneopdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwest end of Seoneobdo, an island about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Bogildo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.15; NGA 17531.
Jugguldo (Jukguldo, Chukkul Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 7 km (4 mi) northwest of Seoneobdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.2; NGA 17530.
Milmaedo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. A view from the sea is available and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island, about 7 km (4 mi) northwest of Juggul. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.3; NGA 17529.
Eoryongdo (Oryongdo)
1910 (rebuilt after World War II). Active; focal plane 93 m (305 ft); white flash every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Fog horn (one blast every 40 s). Two 1-story concrete keeper's cottages. A photo is at right and Google has a distant satellite view of the station. The lighthouse was destroyed by U.S. air raids late in World War II but was rebuilt with U.S. assistance after the war. Oryongdo is a high island about 8 km (5 mi) south of Oran. Located on the highest point of the island, near the northeast end. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278; NGA 17532.
Eoryongdo Light
Eoryongdo Light, Nohwa District
Korean Tourism Organization photo

Bogil District Lighthouses
Bogildo is an island about 6.5 km (4 mi) in diameter connected by a bridge to Nohwado.
Churuncho (Wandocho)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 24 m (79 ft) square cylindrical metal tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available and the islet is only a fuzzy spot in Google's satellite view. Located about 5 km (3 mi) south of the southern tip of Bogildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283; NGA 17341.
* Book Hang South Breakwater
2010. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round metal tower painted red. A very distant view is available (this light is on the right) and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south (main) breakwater of a small harbor on the southwestern coast of Bogildo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.2.
* Book Hang North Breakwater
2010. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. Park In Bae has a view across the harbor, a very distant view is available (this light is on the left) and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north (really west) breakwater of a small harbor on the southwestern coast of Bogildo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.3.
 
Cheongdongri (Jeongdongri)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (3266 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northernmost point of Bogildo, marking the entrance to the strait separating Bogildo from Nohwado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4279.75.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Wando | South: Chuja Islands

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Posted January 9, 2008. Lighthouses: 25. Checked and revised February 27, 2020. Site copyright 2020 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.