Lighthouses of Australia: Victoria

The state of Victoria is located in the southeastern corner of Australia and includes the country's second largest metropolitan area, Melbourne. Victoria is the smallest mainland Australian state, but it has a dangerous coastline that required about 20 historic light stations. The eastern two thirds of the coastline faces south, looking across the Bass Strait to Tasmania, and the western third faces southwest onto the Southern Ocean.

Lighthouse management: coastal aids to navigation in Australia are maintained by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA). Harbor aids are maintained by the Port of Melbourne in the Melbourne area and by the Victorian Regional Channels Authority (VRCA) elsewhere. In most cases, these authorities are responsible only for the lighting equipment. The majority of the light stations are now parklands managed by Parks Victoria.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals, and U.S. NGA numbers are from NGA Publication 111.

General Sources
Lighthouses of Victoria
The section of the Lighthouses of Australia site devoted to Victoria lights.
Lighthouses and Lightvessels in Australia - Victoria
Index to Wikipedia articles; most include photos.
Online List of Lights - Australia
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. Most of the Victoria photos are by Michael Boucher, Erich Hartmann, Günther Hess, or Rainer Arndt.
Lighthouses of Australia - Victoria
An excellent website by Garry Searle, with photos and accounts of most of the lighthouses.
Grant and Tracey's Lighthouse Page - Victoria
Photos of most of the lighthouses posted by Grant Maizels.
Australian Lighthouses
This site, posted by Kevin Mulcahy, has a useful list of all Australian lighthouses linked to photos of some of them.
World of Lighthouses - Victoria
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Leuchttürme Australiens und Ozeaniens auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
GPSNauticalCharts
Navigation chart for the coast of Victoria.


Point Lonsdale Light, Queenscliff, October 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by QianLisi

East Gippsland Lighthouses
Gabo Island (2)
1862 (station established 1853). Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 47 m (156 ft) round granite tower with lantern and gallery. The unpainted tower is pink in color; lantern painted white. The principal keeper's house is occupied by a resident caretaker; the assistant keeper's house is available for overnight rental. Mike Irvine has a good photo, Searle has an excellent page with many photos and a drawing of the first lighthouse, and Bing has a satellite view. This majestic lighthouse marks Cape Howe, the southeastern corner of the Australian continent. The island is a park and wildlife reserve. The 150th anniversary of the lighthouse was celebrated in ceremonies in November 2012. Located on the southeastern corner of Gabo Island, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Cape Howe and 16 km (10 mi) east of Mallacoota. Accessible only by boat or by air; guided tours are available. Site and tower open to guided tours (reservations required). Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Gabo Island Lighthouse Reserve). ARLHS AUS-078; Admiralty K2558; NGA 6592.
[Little Rame (Ram) Head]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 10 s. 3 m (10 ft) square white fiberglass cabinet. A distant view is available but the small light is not seen in Google's satellite view. Rame (or Ram) Head is a prominent headland ending in a steep cliff about halfway between Gabo Island and Point Hicks. It was named Ram Head by Captain James Cook in 1770 after a cape in Cornwall, England; the name was changed officially to match the spelling traditional in Cornwall. The light is not easily accessible but it can be seen from the end of the Little Rame Head Walking Track in Croajingolong National Park. Admiralty K2557.5; NGA 6598.
** Point Hicks (Cape Everard)
1890. Active; focal plane 56 m (184 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 37 m (121 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. The principal keeper's house is occupied by a resident caretaker; two assistant keeper's houses are available for overnight rental. A photo is at right, Rohan Rogers has a good photo, Lighthouses of Australia also has a page on the station, and Bing has a satellite view. This is the tallest lighthouse on the Australian mainland. In a design unusual for mainland Australia, there is no central column; the cast iron spiral stairs are cantilevered from the walls. The Friends of Point Hicks Lighthouse help support preservation of the site. The keeper's houses were refurbished by Parks Victoria and reopened for the 2018-19 season. Located in a remote area about 55 km (35 mi) south of Highway A1 at Cann River; 4WD suggested. Accessible by a hike of about 3 km (2 mi) from the end of the road. Site open, and there are tours of the tower daily at 1 pm. Operator: Victorian Regional Channels Authority. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Croajingolong National Park, Point Hicks Lighthouse Reserve). ARLHS AUS-133; Admiralty K2556; NGA 6604.
* Mount Barkly (Lakes Entrance)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white light, 3 s on, 1 s off. 9 m (30 ft) robust square skeletal tower with a boxlike lantern and gallery, mounted on a square concrete base. Tower painted white, base red. Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, Maizels has a photo, Mahdi Dehghan has a 2015 photo, and Google has a satellite view. The Gippsland Lakes are interconnected lagoons and marshes separated from the Bass Strait by a barrier beach. Since 1890 vessels have been able to enter the lakes through an artifically-maintained channel at the town of Lakes Entrance. The lighthouse is located on a hilltop commanding a direct view of the entrance about 800 m (1/2 mi) to the southeast. The site is easily accessible from the Princes Highway (highway A1). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2544; NGA 7168.
Point Hicks Light
Point Hicks Light, Croajingolong National Park, December 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Chip_2904

Wellington Shire (Port Albert Area) Lighthouses
[Port Albert Entrance Range Rear]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white light occulting once every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) skeletal mast mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located just off Earthquake Island opposite the entrance to the inlet. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2534.
* Citadel Island (1) (lantern)
1913. Inactive since 1982. 3.5 m (11 ft) lantern. Australia's first automated, acetylene-powered lighthouse. The original lighthouse was located atop a granite pinnacle a few miles west of Wilson's Promontory, this light was replaced by a fiberglass tower. After being in storage for two decades it was restored by volunteers for display at the maritime museum in Port Albert. A 2008 photo of the lantern is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at 4 Bay Street in Port Albert. Site open; museum open daily September through May, also on weekends and school holidays June through August; tower closed. Owner/site manager: Gippsland Regional Maritime Museum. ARLHS AUS-057.

South Gippsland Lighthouses
* Welshpool Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); continuous red light. Light mounted atop a square wood shed on the Welshpool Long Jetty. Glenn Bachelor has a street view and Google has a satellite view. Welshpool is a village on the Corner Inlet, a protected harbor northeast of Wilson's Promontory. Located near the end of the jetty. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2522; NGA 7252.
Cliffy Island
1884. Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round granite tower with lantern and gallery. Tower unpainted; lantern and gallery painted white. The keeper's houses were demolished when the lighthouse was automated in 1971; stone walls formerly surrounding the houses remain. The Victoria Heritage Council has Lyndon O'Grady's photo, Wikipedia's article has a 1917 photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a steep-sided island in Bass Strait 32 km (20 mi) south of Port Albert and about 20 km (13 mi) east of the Wilson's Promontory coast. Accessible only by helicopter. Site and tower closed. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Victoria Dept. of Conservation and Natural Resources. ARLHS AUS-059; Admiralty K2500; NGA 7204.
Wilson's Promontory (South East Point)
1859. Active; focal plane 117 m (384 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. 19 m (62 ft) round granite tower with lantern and gallery. Tower unpainted; lantern and gallery painted white. A well-preserved light station with several keeper's houses and other buildings. A resident caretaker helps maintain the station. Three keeper's houses are available for overnight rental (reservations essential). Ian Cochrane's photo is at right, Phillip Walker has a closeup photo, Mark Barnes has a photo of the station, Wikipedia has a brief article with a 2008 photo, Mark Merton has a beautiful aerial photo, Trabas has a view from the sea by Capt. Theo Hinrichs, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This historic and well-known lighthouse marks the southernmost point of the mainland of Australia at latitude 39°08' S. Wilson's Promontory--"The Prom"--is a scenic peninsula incorporated into one of Australia's most popular national parks. In April 2005 a wildfire burned most of the park south of Tidal River, temporarily cutting off access to the lighthouse. Fortunately, the light station buildings were saved from the fire. Located at the southern end of the peninsula with a sweeping view of the Bass Strait. Accessible by a hike of 19 km (12 mi) one way from Tidal River. Site open, tower closed. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Wilson's Promontory National Park). ARLHS AUS-171; Admiralty K2492; NGA 7300.

Wilson's Promontory Light, October 2012
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Ian Cochrane
[Citadel Island (2)]
1982 (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 117 m (384 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 5 m (17 ft) square white fiberglass cabinet. Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was demolished in 1982, but the lantern is now displayed at the Gippsland Regional Maritime Museum (see above). Located atop a small, very steep island about 10 km (6 mi) off the west coast of Wilson's Promontory. Site and tower closed (critical wildlife sanctuary). ARLHS AUS-057; Admiralty K2486; NGA 7312.
* Cape Liptrap (2)
1951 (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 93 m (305 ft); white flash every 12 s. 10 m (32 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Foundations of the original lighthouse can be seen just below the modern tower, and its Fresnel lens is on display at the Gippsland Regional Maritime Museum in Port Albert. Vanda Cummins's photo is at right, Searle has a page with several photos of the current lighthouse and a historic photo of the original light, Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, Wikipedia's article has a closeup photo by Wayne Butterworth, Nadi Perera has a 2018 closeup photo, Lightphotos.net has another closeup, and Google has a closeup street view and a distant satellite view. Cape Liptrap is a narrow, mountainous peninsula jutting into Bass Strait about 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Wilson's Promontory. The lighthouse was repainted and refurbished in 2001. Located on the cape about 10 km (6 mi) southwest of Walkerville. Accessible by gravel road. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Cape Liptrap Coastal Park). ARLHS AUS-037; Admiralty K2482; NGA 7320.
 

Cape Liptrap Light, Walkerville, August 2018
Google Plus photo by Vanda Cummins

Phillip Island (Bass Strait Shire) Lighthouses
* [Cape Woolamai]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 112 m (368 ft); white flash every 10 s. 3 m (10 ft) skeletal mast. Hikespeak.com has a photo but the small light is not seen in Google's satellite view of the cape. Located on the southeastern tip of Phillip Island. Accessible by a hiking trail in the Cape Woolamai State Faunal Reserve. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2476; NGA 7328.
* Grossard Point (McHaffie's Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white, red or green light depending on direction, 4 s on, 1 s off. 13 m (43 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square 1-story masonry equipment room. A closeup photo is available and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This light guides vessels entering Western Port, a bay southeast of Melbourne sheltered by Phillip Island. The station is known for its spectacular view of the bay. Located at the end of Grossard Point Road in Ventnor, on the northwest side of Phillip Island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2428; NGA 7440.

Mornington Peninsula Lighthouses
Note: The Mornington Peninsula extends to the southeast of Melbourne, separating Western Port (actually on the east of Melbourne) from the broad Port Phillip bay.
*** Cape Schanck
1859. Active; focal plane 100 m (328 ft); white light shown to the south and west and red to the east; on 10.8 s, off 5.8 s, one quick intense flash, off 5.8 s. 21 m (70 ft) round limestone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern roof is red. A rotating 1st order Chance Brothers lens (1915) is in use; the original clockwork mechanism is also in place but is no longer used. The original limestone principal keeper's house is used as a lighthouse museum. Two assistant keeper's houses and an additional small cottage were previously in service as a bed and breakfast inn, but the lease of these facilities expired in April 2016 and no new lease has been granted. Simon Yeo's photo is at right, Trabas has Boucher's photo, Wynne Ma has a 2018 photo, Searle has a page with excellent photos, Wikipedia's article has a photo, Damien Huang has a good 2008 photo, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This handsome lighthouse is a landfall light for ships approaching Melbourne. Solidly built, it is one of the few Australian lighthouses with stone rather than iron stairs. It was carefully restored in the late 1970s and early 1980s and has become a very popular tourist attraction. Tours of the lighthouse are offered by The Lady of History, and the museum is open on days when tours are conducted. Located at the end of Cape Schanck Road on the southwestern tip of the Mornington Peninsula, which shelters Port Phillip Bay. Site open, consult the Lady of History Facebook page for current information on tours (reservations are required) and museum openings. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Cape Schanck Lighthouse Reserve). ARLHS AUS-045; Admiralty K2423; NGA 7456.
South Channel Range Front (South Channel Pile Light, Rye Channel) (relocated)
1874. Reactivated (inactive 1985-1998); focal plane approx. 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) light tower centered on the roof of a 1-story octagonal wood keeper's house, mounted on wood pilings. Lighthouse painted white; gallery painted gold. Lighthouses of Australia has a page for the lighthouse, Lightphotos.net has a page with a fine photo, Murray Adams has a 2009 photo, Trabas has Arndt's photo, and Bing has a satellite view. This is one of only two surviving cottage pile lighthouses in Australia. Originally it guided ships on the South Channel, a natural deepwater channel that runs east southeast from Queenscliff parallel to the south shore of Port Phillip Bay. The lighthouse deteriorated rapidly after deactivation in 1985. In 1998 it was removed by Parks Victoria, restored in Melbourne, and then relocated to a site about halfway between the original location and the town of Rye. At its new home it is known officially as the Rye Channel Beacon. Located about 3 km (2 mi) north of Rye. Accessible only by boat, but clearly visible from many locations on the shore. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Parks Victoria (South Channel Pile Lighthouse). ARLHS AUS-150; Admiralty K2325.5; NGA 7523.4.
Cape Schanck Light
Cape Schank Light, Mornington Peninsula, January 2011
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Simon Yeo
* South Channel Range Rear ("Eastern Lighthouse", McCrae) (2)
1883 (station established 1854). Inactive since 1994. 34 m (110 ft) hexagonal pyramidal skeletal tower with central cylinder, lantern, and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. The keeper's houses have been demolished. The lighthouse was prefabricated in England in 1874 by Chance Brothers. In 1998 Parks Victoria thoroughly restored the exterior of the lighthouse. A photo is at right, Searle has a page with excellent photos of the outside and interior, Petr Starý has a 2017 photo, Lightphotos.net has a photo, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a 2017 street view and a satellite view. Located beside the beach road (Point Nepean Road) at McCrae on the southeastern shore of Port Phillip Bay. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Rosebud Foreshore Reserve). ARLHS AUS-067.
* #Schnapper Point (1)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two quick green flashes every 5 s. This was an 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted white, but Google's street view shows that the skeletal tower has been replaced by a post off the end of the pier. Google has a satellite view of the former location. Schnapper Point is a promontory at Mornington on the eastern shore of Port Phillip Bay. Located at the end of the Mornington Pier, which extends the promontory. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS AUS-209; Admiralty K2330; NGA 7580.

Port Phillip City Lighthouse
* St. Kilda Marina
Date unknown (station established 1883). Active (privately maintained); focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s; the lighthouse is also floodlit at night. 18 m (59 ft) tapered octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Chris Mitchell has a sunset photo, another photo is available, Dean Woodyatt has a photo of the light in action, Christine Wilson's photo also shows the light in action, Nina Jude has a distant street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater quay at the St. Kilda Marina. Site open, tower closed. Owner/operator: St. Kilda Marina. Admiralty K2340.3.

South Channel Range Rear Light, McCrae, November 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by glennnnn

Melbourne Lighthouses
Fawkner Beacon (2?)
1991(?). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) post with a triangular gallery, mounted on a platform supported by four piles. Tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. Trabas has Douglas Cameron's photo and another photo is available. An earlier lighthouse was destroyed by collision with a ship on 6 December 1990. This light is a familiar reference point for vessels in Port Phillip Bay. Located 11 km (7 mi) south of Port Melbourne. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2337; NGA 7888.
#Point Gellibrand Pile (relocated light tower) (?)
1906. Inactive since 1976. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical metal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Fresnel lens. This includes the original lantern of the light tower formerly centered on the roof of the Point Gellibrand Pile Light. The lighthouse was located in Port Phillip Bay off Williamstown southwest of Melbourne. The pile light was damaged beyond repair when the ship Melbourne Trader collided with it in 1976. Unfortunately, the decision to salvage the lantern was not made until after the lighthouse was set afire on 23 June 1976, and the original light tower was not salvageable. The lantern was placed on a replica tower on display at the Melbourne Maritime Museum on South Wharf on the south bank of the Yarra River in downtown Melbourne, near the tall ship Polly Woodside. Kristie Eggleston has a page for the light with several photos, and the National Library has a photo. The museum was closed for several years for major renovations, and the lighthouse was in storage. It is not seen in Google's satellite view, and its present whereabouts are not known. Owner: National Trust of Australia (Victoria). Site manager: Polly Woodside Museum. ARLHS AUS-079.
Port Melbourne Range Front (1)
1924. Inactive at least since 2011. 16 m (52 ft) slender round concrete tower, painted white with a red "cap" at the top. Drew Douglas's photo is at right, David Thompson has a 2007 photo of the lighthouse and the liner Queen Elizabeth II, Waymarking.com has a good photo of both range lights, Glenn Bachelor has a 2019 photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This tower and the next one listed guided ships to the docks at the head of Port Phillip Bay. In 2011 a new light on a post (focal plane 9 m (30 ft); continuous blue light) was placed in front of the historic lighthouse; Trabas has Hartmann's photo of that light. Located in the water about 500 m (550 yd) off Beach Street near Princes Pier. Accessible only by boat, but easily visible from shore. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: unknown. ARLHS AUS-273; Admiralty K2338; NGA 7895.
* Port Melbourne Channel (Port Melbourne Range Rear)
1924. Active; three lights: a general purpose light (focal plane 24 m (78 ft)) showing a white flash every 5 s; a leading light (focal plane 21 m (70 ft)) showing a red, white, or green light, depending on direction, 1.5 s on, 1.5 s off; and a continuous blue range light at a focal plane of 18 m (59 ft). 26 m (85 ft) slender concrete tower, painted white with a red "cap" at the top. Paul Watkins has a 2008 closeup photo, Trabas has Arndt's photo, Waymarking.com has a good photo of both range lights, Lightphotos.net has Jan de Jonge's photo looking down the range, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Formerly surrounded by an industrial area, this tower now stands at the north end of Beacon Vista, a boulevard in an upscale waterfront development called Beacon Cove. Located about 600 m (650 yd) inland from Beach Street east of Princes Pier. Site open, tower closed. Operator: Port of Melbourne. Site manager: unknown. ARLHS AUS-139; Admiralty K2338.1; NGA 7896.

Port Melbourne Range Front Light, January 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Drew Douglas
* Point Gellibrand (Williamstown) (Time Signal) (2)
1849 (station established 1840). Inactive 1859-1934 and since 1987. 17 m (58 ft) tapered square bluestone tower carrying a timeball mast. No lantern; tower unpainted. Tower floodlit at night. A 2008 closeup photo is available, Searle's page has a closeup photo, Lightphotos.net has Jan de Jonge's photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This is Victoria's oldest light station. Beginning in 1853 it was also equipped with a timeball apparatus: a mast with a sphere that was lowered each day precisely at 1 pm so that ships in the harbor could adjust their chronometers. The timeball remained in use until 1926. In 1934 the tower was reconverted to a lighthouse by the addition of a 15 m (50 ft) cylindrical brick tower atop the original structure. In 1989-90 this tower extension was removed and the tower was restored to its late 19th century appearance. The timeball is now lowered automatically each day at 1 pm. Located on Point Gellibrand at the south end of Nelson Place in Williamstown. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Point Gellibrand Heritage Park). ARLHS AUS-170.

St. Leonards Lighthouse
West Channel (Pile Light)
1881 (lightship station established 1854). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); flash every 6 s, white or red depending on direction. 11 m (36 ft) light tower centered on the roof of a 1-story octagonal wood keeper's house, mounted on wood pilings. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right, a 2011 photo is available, Wikimedia has a historic photo, the Heritage Council Victoria has a page for the lighthouse, Lighthouses of Australia also has a page, and Bing has a satellite view. This is one of only two surviving cottage pile lighthouses in Australia (the other is the South Channel Pile Light described above). The historic lighthouse marks the northeast end of a large shoal area off the east end of the Bellarine Peninsula, on the west side of Port Phillip Bay, and it also marks the northern end of the West Channel leading to the exit from Port Phillip Bay. The cast iron lantern is from the 1854 lightship. Sometime in the 1970s a new pile substructure was built; in the transfer of the lighthouse to the new base part of the veranda and balustrade were lost. In recent years the structure has been restored and converted to solar power. Located in Port Phillip Bay about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of St. Leonards. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty K2232.
West Channel Pile Light
West Channel Pile Light, St. Leonards
Victorian Heritage Register photo

Queenscliff Lighthouses

Note: Queenscliff is located on the west side of the entrance to Port Phillip Bay, a dangerous passage known to navigators as The Rip. The entrance is about 3.5 km (2.17 mi) wide, but shoals narrow the practical entrance to a width of 1 km (0.6 mi) or less. Since this is the only opening to the bay of Port Phillip, tidal currents through the gap are very strong. Large ships are required to use qualified pilots for this passage.
*** Queenscliff Harbour (Directional)
Date unknown. Active (privately maintained); focal plane 28 m (92 ft); continuous white light shown only along the line of the Queenscliff Range (next entries). 40 m (131 ft) round tower carrying a large circular observation room reached by a spiral stairway. Trabas has Arndt's photo and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the Queenscliff marina. Site open, tower open daily 9 am to 4:30 pm. Owner/site manager: Queenscliff Harbour. Admiralty K2207.5.
* Queenscliff (Shortland Bluff) High ("The Black Lighthouse," Port Phillip Entrance Range Rear) (2)
1862 (station established 1843). Active; focal plane 40 m (130 ft); white light, fixed or occulting 2.5 s every 15 s, depending on direction. 25 m (82 ft) round bluestone (basalt) tower with lantern and gallery. The tower is unpainted dark stone (not actually black); the lantern and gallery are painted green. 3-story octagonal signal station (1850). The occultations are shown toward the entrance of Port Phillip Bay, in unison with the Queenscliff Low Light, Hume Tower, and Murray Tower. Ships in the proper channel see the Black and White Lighthouses in line and blinking in unison, with the Hume Tower on the left and the Murray Tower on the right. Daniel Ryan's photo is at right, Trabas hoas Boucher's closeup photo, Wikipedia's article has a photo by Stephen Bain, Melissa Firminger has a good 2007 photo, Brett Matthews has a 2008 photo, and Google has a satellite view and a street view from outside the fort. Located in Fort Queenscliff, a late 19th century fort and still an active army base. Parking available nearby. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Port of Melbourne. ARLHS AUS-263; Admiralty K2200; NGA 7480.
* Queenscliff (Shortland Bluff) Low ("The White Lighthouse," Port Phillip Entrance Range Front) (2)
1863 (station established 1854). Active; focal plane 28 m (93 ft); light occults for 2 s every 15 s; light shows red, white, or green depending on direction. 22 m (73 ft) round bluestone (basalt) tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted white with a red vertical stripe as a daymark; lantern and gallery painted dark green. 1-story keeper's house. The principal purpose of this light is to show a white light in range with the Queenscliff High Light to guide ships in the main ship channel entering Port Phillip Bay; ships off course to the right see a red light and those off course to the left see a green light. Various colors are shown in sectors indicating proper navigation from other directions. The lighthouse is flanked by two skeletal towers (next two entries) showing red and green lights, respectively, that blink off in unison with the lighthouse to provide a unique entrance pattern precisely defining the correct course through The Rip. A photo is below right, Trabas has Boucher's excellent photo, a 2009 photo also shows the Murray Tower, Wikipedia's article has a photo by Michael Beckham, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a satellite view showing all three towers. Located in Victoria Park, on the lower slope of the Queenscliff Peninsula just inside the bay. Parking provided nearby at Fort Queenscliff. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Port of Melbourne. ARLHS AUS-262; Admiralty K2200.1; NGA 7484.

Queenscliff High (Black) Light, January 2009
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Daniel Ryan
* Hume Tower
1924. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); red light, occulting for 2.5 s every 15 s. 23 m (75 ft) square cylindrical steel tower carrying a red slatted daymark with a white vertical stripe. The Hume Tower lines up with the Queenscliff High Light to indicate the western edge of the deepwater channel into Port Phillip Bay. Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, this tower is on the left in the photo at right and it is to the left of the white lighthouse in a photo and Google's satellite view. Located adjacent to the Queenscliff Low Light. Parking provided nearby at Fort Queenscliff. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Port of Melbourne. ARLHS AUS-288; Admiralty K2199.9; NGA 7476.
* Murray Tower
1974. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); green light, occulting for 2.5 s every 15 s. Approx. 16 m (53 ft) square cylindrical steel tower carrying a large green daymark with a white vertical stripe. The Murray Tower lines up with the Queenscliff High Light to indicate the eastern edge of the deepwater channel into Port Phillip Bay. It replaced a stone obelisk on the same location. This tower is on the left in the photo at right, Trabs has Boucher's photo, it appears in Brett Matthews's 2008 photo of the White Lighthouse, it appears in a 2009 photo of the White Lighthouse, and it is a little to the right of the white lighthouse in Google's satellite view. Located adjacent to the Queenscliff Low Light. Parking provided nearby at Fort Queenscliff. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Port of Melbourne. ARLHS AUS-289; Admiralty K2204; NGA 7488.
* Fort West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous white or red light, depending on direction. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical steel skeletal tower carrying a white slatted daymark. Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, this light is seen at the far left of Nancy Rau's photo of the Queenscliff lighthouses, and Google has a street view from the beach and an indistinct satellite view. This directional light guides small craft and pilot vessels; it was formerly the front light of a range with the Black Lighthouse as the rear light. Located at a car park a short distance west of the Hume Tower. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Port of Melbourne. Admiralty K2199; NGA 7472.

Queenscliff Low (White) Light with Hume Tower (left) and Murray Tower, March 2010
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Maias
* Rocky Point (Leading Light)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12.5 m (41 ft); continuous red light. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) square concrete column supporting a square platform. Trabas has Arndt's view of the light in action, Google has a street view and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. This light guides outbound vessels in the South Channel approaching the Rip. Located in Royal Park in Point Lonsdale. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K2196.
** Point Lonsdale (3)
1902 (station established 1863). Active; focal plane 37 m (120 ft); white or red light depending on direction, 2 s on, 2 s off, 2 s on, 9 s off. 21 m (70 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, the lower portion surrounded by a 2-story circular signal station. Tower and signal building painted white, lantern and gallery black. Fog horn (2 blasts every 30 s). There is a photo at the top of this page, Trabas has an excellent photo by Hess, Searle has both current and historic photos, Wikipedia's article has a photo by Stephen Bain, Huelse has a historic postcard view, James Graco has a 2017 street view, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse guards "The Rip," the narrow entrance to Port Phillip Bay, Melbourne's harbor. The signal station, added in 1950, was staffed at all times to communicate with vessels making the dangerous passage into or out of the harbor. The station includes Victoria's only surviving fog signal building (1884) and an explosives shed (1891) that was used to store rockets fired to communicate with vessels. The historic foghorn is operational and is still used in foul weather. The exterior of the lighthouse was restored in 1997, and in 2002 the Victorian Channels Authority and Heritage Victoria cooperated to restore the interior. In 2012 a plan was announced to gradually destaff the lighthouse as its staff resigns or retires; this led to grave concern and even some outrage. Apparently the station is still staffed. The area immediately offshore is protected within the Port Phillip Heads Marine National Park. Located on the west side of the bay entrance off Flinders St. in Queenscliff; accessible by paved road, parking available. Site open; tower open to guided tours every Sunday from the Queenscliff Maritime Museum (reservations required). Operator/site manager: Victorian Regional Channels Authority. ARLHS AUS-222; Admiralty K2194; NGA 7460.

Surf Coast Shire Lighthouse
***
Split Point (Eagles Nest Point, "The White Queen")
1891. Active; focal plane 66 m (218 ft); four white flashes, separated by 3 s, every 20 s. 34 m (110 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern roof is red. The original Chance Brothers 1st order Fresnel lens continues in use. At least two 1-story keeper's houses. Mike Boudreaux's photo is at right, Wikipedia's article has that photo and several others, a fine closeup is available, Trabas has a closeup by Hess, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a 2008 street view and a satellite view. This lighthouse, known affectionately as the White Queen, is a welcoming sight for sailors westbound for Melbourne. In early 2004, two keeper's houses were sold at auction as private residences. In early 2005 the Surf Coast Shire government secured a lease of the lighthouse and then contracted with Eco-Logic, Inc., to offer tours. Ceremonies opening the lighthouse to the public were held on 2 November 2005. Located on the point at Airey's Inlet, about 120 km (75 mi) southwest of Melbourne. Parking provided; a popular oceanfront trail begins at the lighthouse. Site open, tower open for tours daily but reservations are essential. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Surf Coast Shire (Split Point Lighthouse). ARLHS AUS-154; Admiralty K2182; NGA 7984.

Split Point Light, Airey's Inlet, August 2010
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Mike Boudreaux

Colac Otway Shire Lighthouse
**** Cape Otway
1848 (Mortimer Lewis). Inactive since 1994. 20 m (65 ft) round sandstone tower, painted white. 1st order Chance Brothers Fresnel lens. The principal keeper's house (1857) is available for overnight accommodations. Duplex assistant keeper's house (1858), telegraph station (1859), and other historic buildings. The active light (focal plane 73 m (239 ft); three white flashes, separated by 4.5 s, every 18 s; red flashes shown over rocks close to shore) is on a 4 m (13 ft) fiberglass cabinet seen in Boucher's photo. Mike Fritz's photo is at right, Lighthouses of Australia has historical information, Searle also has a nice page with many photos, Wikipedia's article has a photo by Christoph Settgast, Susan Hunt has a good view, Huelse has a historic postcard view, Caleb Levy has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. One of Australia's best known, best preserved, and most visited lighthouses. Cape Otway and Cape Wickham (on King Island, Tasmania) frame the 84 km (52 mi) wide western entrance to Bass Strait, known to 19th century sailors as the Eye of the Needle. The light station, second oldest on the Australian mainland, was built as the principal landfall light for ships arriving in southeastern Australia from the Cape of Good Hope. At the time the lighthouse was built the surrounding area was remote and wild. The 150th anniversary of the lighthouse was celebrated in August 1998. The station is now maintained by Parks Victoria and was operated for many years by a lessee, Tourism Great Ocean Road Pty. Ltd. In August 2017 a request was made for proposals for a new lease agreement, but in May 2018 the request was withdrawn and Parks Victoria announced it would manage the station directly. Located on the cape about 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Apollo Bay. Parking provided. Site open, tower open to self-guided tours daily (admission fee). Site manager: Parks Victoria (Cape Otway Lightstation ). ARLHS AUS-043. Active light: Admiralty K2172; NGA 8012.

Warrnambool Lighthouses
* Lady Bay Lower (Range Front)
1854 (lit since 1871). Active; focal plane 27 m (82 ft); continuous red or green light, depending on direction. 8 m (26 ft) square stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with red trim; lantern roof is red. Lighthouses of Australia has a page for the lighthouse, Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, William Beagley has a 2016 photo, Peter Craig has a panoramic street view, and Google has a satellite view. The tower was built as an unlit obelisk providing a daytime range; in 1871 the lantern of the former Lady Bay Beach Light (1859) was moved atop the obelisk. The present light is directional, showing green to ships on a proper course into Lady Bay and red otherwise. The lighthouses are part of a maritime history complex that includes several buildings, exhibits, and daily presentations. Located at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. ARLHS AUS-098; Admiralty K2158; NGA 8016.
Cape Otway Light
Cape Otway Light, Apollo Bay, October 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Mike Fritz
* Lady Bay Upper (Range Rear)
1859 (relocated 1872). Active; focal plane 33 m (109 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with red trim; lantern roof is red. Lighthouses of Australia has a page for the lighthouse, Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, another closeup photo is available, Lightphotos.net has Jan de Jonge's photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The tower was built in 1859 on Middle Island, about 2200 m (1.4 mi) southwest of its present location. In 1871-72 it was dismantled and rebuilt to form the Lady Bay Range. Located on Merri Street, 130 m (425 ft) north of the front light near the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. Site open, tower closed. Operator/site manager: Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. ARLHS AUS-099; Admiralty K2158.1; NGA 8020.

Moyne Shire Lighthouse
* Griffiths Island (Griffith Island, Port Fairy)
1859. Active; focal plane 12 m (41 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round bluestone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with red trim; lantern roof is red. The keeper's houses were demolished around 1956. A photo by Gareth Jones is at right, Lightphotos.net has Jan de Jonge's photo, Trabas has a photo by Hess, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse is endangered by rising sea level. In 2000 volunteers restored the site, removing non-native vegetation to reveal the foundations of the keeper's houses and other structures. Located on the eastern point of the island, which shelters the harbor of Port Fairy. Accessible by a footbridge and a walk of about 400 m (1/4 mi); parking is provided. Site open, tower closed. Operator: Victorian Regional Channels Authority. Site manager: Moyne Shire Council. ARLHS AUS-086; Admiralty K2146; NGA 8028.

Griffiths Island Light, Port Fairy, October 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Gareth Jones

Glenelg Shire Lighthouses
* Whaler's Bluff (Whaler Point, Portland Bay)
1859 (relocated 1889). Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); three white flashes, separated by 4.5 s, every 30 s; red flashes are shown over the reef to the east. 12 m (39 ft) round stone tower, painted white with red trim; entire lantern is red. The keeper's houses have been demolished. Darrell Morrison has a good photo, Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, Kylie Ryan has a closeup photo, Searle also has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse was built on what is now called Battery Point south of Portland; it was dismantled and relocated in 1889 so that artillery could be placed at that site. Located on a bluff at the end of Lighthouse Street on the north side of Portland. Limited on-street parking available. Site open, tower closed. Operator: Victorian Regional Channels Authority. ARLHS AUS-168; Admiralty K2138; NGA 8048.
Portland Harbour Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); quick-flashing red light. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) mast atop a square white concrete tower. A stairway spirals around the tower. Trabas has Boucher's photo, Pranabesh Dash has a distant street view from the Lee Breakwater Light and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the long main breakwater of Portland. Site and tower closed. Admiralty K2139; NGA 8052.
**** Cape Nelson
1884. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); four white flashes, separated by 3 s, every 20 s. 32 m (105 ft) round bluestone tower, painted white; lantern roof is red. 4th order Chance Brothers Fresnel lens in use. The keeper's houses are available for overnight accommodations. Stables and workshop have been converted to use as a café. An unusual feature of this station is a long rubblestone wall built to protect the keeper's houses from the frequent high winds. Susan Hunt's photo is at right, Natalie Townsend has a good 2007 photo, Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, Searle has good photos, Wikimedia has a photo by Jimmy Harris, Lighthouses of Australia has a page for the lighthouse, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This historic and well preserved light station is now a state park with visitor facilities operated by a lessee. Located 13 km (8 mi) south of Portland; accessible by paved road and parking is provided. Site open, tower open to guided tours daily. Operator: AMSA. Site manager: Parks Victoria (Cape Nelson State Park) . ARLHS AUS-041; Admiralty K2136; NGA 8064.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

  • Lady Bay Beach (1859-1871), Warrnambool. Lighthouses of Australia discusses this lighthouse on its page for the Lady Bay Low Lighthouse. ARLHS AUS-272.
  • Point Grant (1947-1998), Phillip Island. The skeletal lighthouse has been replaced by a small fiberglass light. ARLHS AUS-207.

Notable faux lighthouses:

Cape Nelson Light
Cape Nelson Light, Portland, April 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Susan Hunt

Adjoining pages: North: New South Wales | South: Tasmania | West: South Australia

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Posted May 3, 2004. Checked and revised January 20, 2019. Lighthouses: 36. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.