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Dissertation Information for Jane Ellen Koons

NAME:
- Jane Ellen Koons
- (Alias) Jane Ellen Baker Koons

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (USA) (1985)

ADVISORS:
- George Patrick Michael D'Elia

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Mary Niles Maack
- John Parker
- Edward Lewis Farmer
- Roberta Grodberg Simmons

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: UTILIZATION OF ORAL HISTORY RESOURCES IN A CLASSROOM SETTING: A STUDY OF IMPACTS

Abstract: Oral history practitioners and users of oral history resources presume that the impacts of oral history upon the study of history, both content and process, are considerable and are on the whole positive. These presumed impacts, however, remain largely unevaluated and untested. A three-tiered procedure was developed to test experimentally in a classroom setting whether or not eight presumed impacts of using oral history resources occurred. The sample included students in modern Chinese history classes in three private liberal arts colleges in Minnesota during the spring of 1983. The sample size was sixty. The students in these three modern Chinese history classes were required to write a documented research paper, with all students receiving the same research topic. Within each class the students were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups. The study attempted to demonstrate whether or not there were differences in the cognitive and affective reactions of students to the research paper assignment. Treatment I group utilized a foundation of traditional, secondary bibliographic resources plus an additional bibliography of only oral history resources. Treatment II group utilized the same foundation bibliography plus an additional bibliography of traditional secondary sources.

The quantitative analyses and the qualitative evaluations from this sample suggest that there are six impacts in using oral history resources. The papers that utilized the oral history resources were judged (1) to reflect a greater empathy for individuals and events, and to humanize and personalize history more effectively; (2) to create more effectively the context in which an event or phenomenon occurred; (3) to reflect more accurately the inconsistencies and complexities of the human experience; (4) to provide a greater number of concrete and appropriate details; and (5) to provide more solid, factual information. Finally, (6) the students who utilized oral history resources appeared to have a greater interest in and enjoyment of the writing assignment.


MPACT Scores for Jane Ellen Koons

A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-06-15 14:27:04

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Students under Jane Ellen Koons

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- None