Lighthouses of Saint Martin
This page includes lighthouses of two small territories, one of France
and one of the Netherlands, located in the Leeward Islands
at the northeastern corner of the Caribbean Sea. Saint Martin is
unique among Caribbean islands in having been divided between two colonial
powers. Since 1648 France has occupied the northern portion of the island (roughly 3/5 of the whole), known as Saint-Martin, while the Netherlands has occupied the
southern portion, known as Sint
Maarten. Marigot is the capital and largest town of French St.-Martin,
and Philipsburg is the capital and largest town of Sint Maarten.
The two French territories
of St.-Martin and St.-Barthélemy were formerly governed as dependencies
of the larger island of Guadeloupe but since 2007 they have reported
separately to Paris as collectivités of France. The Dutch
territory of Sint Maarten was attached administratively to the
Netherlands Antilles for many years but in October 2010 it became
a separate state, a "constituent country" of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Saint Martin was heavily damaged by Hurricane Irma in September 2017.
Most of the lighthouses of the Lesser Antilles are very poorly known,
so information about them would be welcome,
and photos are especially welcome.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume J of the
Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA numbers are
from Publication 110.
- General Sources
- Online List of Lights - Saint-Martin and Sint Maartin
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
- World of Lighthouses - Sint Maarten
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Navigational chart information for Saint Martin.
Marigot Light, St.-Martin, January 2010
photo copyright Rosalie Beasley; used by permission
- Saint-Martin Lighthouse
- * Marigot
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); flash every 4 s, white, green
or red depending on direction. 10 m (33 ft) round conical tower painted white.
No lantern. Rosalie Beasley's photo is at right, Roger Theriault has a photo,
another closeup photo
is available, Trabas has a view by Arno Siering, and Bing has a satellite
view. Located across the road from the base of the breakwater mole of
the harbor of Marigot, the principal town of the French portion of the island
of Saint-Martin, on the northwestern coast of the island. Site open, tower
closed. ARLHS STM-001; Admiralty J5658; NGA 14732.
Sint Maarten Lightbeacons
* [Groot Baai (Sint Maarten)] (3?)
- Date unknown (station established 1876). Inactive since 2007 at least. The light was formerly on a post mounted
on a short square tower atop the ruins of Fort Amsterdam. A February 2008 photo shows it removed,
Nathan Barnes has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Findlay's 1879 light list describes a "small light on old Fort
Amsterdam." Located atop a narrow promontory on the west side of the entrance to Philipsburg
harbor. Site open. ex-Admiralty J5660; ex-NGA 14724.
- * Philipsburg (Leading Light)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); flashing white light visible only along the line of approach to the harbor. Approx. 27 m (90 ft) square skeletal communications tower. Trabas has Rainer Arndt's photo, another photo is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located behind the Central Bank of Curaçao building in downtown Philipsburg. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty J5661.5.
- [Witte Kaap]
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown but at least 60 m (197 ft); four flashes every 10 s, white, red or green depending on direction. No description available but Trabas has Rainer Arndt's photo showing the light on a post atop the structure. Located atop the headland on the east side of the entrance to Philipsburg
harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty J5662.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Anguilla | Southeast: St.-Barthélemy | South: Saba and Sint Eustatius
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Posted December 8, 2005. Checked and revised January 8, 2019.
Lighthouses: 2. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.