Dissertation Information for Beverly Gene Abbey
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: The impact of computer instruction on the near transfer and far transfer of a general problem-solving strategy
Abstract: Hypotheses related to the transfer of a general problem solving strategy were tested in this study. A modified Solomon Four-Group design was used to control for threats to internal validity and to consider external validity factors. One-half of each of three intact groups of university students were given the Means-Ends Problem Solving pretest. Two of the groups received instruction on a means-ends problem solving strategy using Lemmings, a commercial game/simulation. One treatment group was instructed on the computer; one group was instructed by a classroom teacher. Near transfer was assessed 1 week later using additional levels of increasing difficulty from Lemmings. The computer group was presented the transfer tasks on the computer; the classroom group was presented paper-and-pencil tasks using screen prints from Lemmings. One week after the near transfer tasks, far transfer was assessed using an alternate portion of the Means-Ends Problem Solving procedure.
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