|Verse 28 Word For Word Translation Commentary Errors|
kaRavaikaL pin cenRu kaanam cErn^thu uNpOm * Cows following (them) (after) forest reaching (we will) eat aRivu onRum illaatha aaykkulaththu * un^thannaip enlightenment any not having , (We the) cowherd community you piRavi peRun^ thanaip puNNiyam yaam utaiyOm * born having been (to us) (What) good deeds (to) our (credit do we) claim kuRai onRum illaatha kOvin^thaa * un^ thannOtu fault any not having Govida your uRavEl namakku iNGku ozhikka ozhiyaathu * relation to us here (cannot) break or be broken aRiyaatha piLLaikaLOm anpinaal * un^ thannai innocent children (we all) (with) affection you (with) ciRu pEr azhaiththanavum cIRi aruLaathE * short name (we) address do not be angry iRaivaa! nI thaaraay paRai O Lord You (please) give us emancipation . El Or empaavaay Come (Let us do) (the penance of) paavai nOmbu
Translation By Dr. V.K.S.N. Raghavan
Commentary By Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchari Sadagopan
In the previous Paasuram (KoodArai Vellum Paasuram) , the Gopis decalred ,
"Unnai arutthithu VanthOm " and requested the blessings of " Paal
, sORu , AbharaNams , Aadai " et al. That to Lord KrishNa looked like the
Gopis were seeking from Him , the siRRinbhams ( worldly pleasures) . He was
amused and Our Lord turned around and asked them: " Oh Gopis!
Your mind seems not to be steady . Are you desiring the perishable
pleasures or some thing higher than that from me ?" . The Gopis
recognized the situation and responded: " Oh Lord , we might have given You
the impression that we are seeking sanmAnam that is commonly asked of You in a
lOka reethi. Our true and inner wish is to have You and perform
kaimkaryams to You always ".
Then the pleased Lord revealed to them His Isvaryam (MahA VibhUthis) and the
Gopis were overwhelmed and sought His pardon (aparAdha KshAmanam) for
taking liberties with Him and forgetting His SarvEsvarathvam .They say : "
Oh Lord of the Universe ! You are Self-complete(Svatha: PoorNan ). We
might have appeared to have offended You due to our Overwhelming
sense of affection (PraNayam ) or attachment(abhimAnam). For You . You are the
most generous (parama OudhAryan). You are the most compassionate ( parama DayALu).
We are simple folks , who do not know the difference between our right hand and
left hand ( idathu kai , valathu kai aRiyAtha aai peNNkaL. We do not have the
Jn~Anam ,Bhakthi , anushtAnam ,AachAram , Vidvath balam to seek You innately as
SiddhOpAyam in the saasthrA-ordained manner .We do NOT have therefore the
seven requisites (states of mind) needed to approach You ( the SarrvEswaran ) as
(1)Aakinchanyam ( kai muthal inmai)
(2)Naichyam ( awareness of our lowliness to approach You)
(3)awareness of Your Soulabhyam (ease of access by One& all
(4)awareness of Your Parathvam ( as the Supreme Lord)
(5)awareness of knowledge about Sambhandham( Seshathva Jn~Anam: our uRavu to You, which is timeless & indestructible)
(6)awareness of the need to seek Your pardon for our trespasses ( aparAtha KshAmanam ).
(7)awareness of the importance of seeking You as the only rakshakan to provide the strength to seek Your lotus feet as refuge
(" Unnadi sEr vaNNam aruLAi , KaLai kaNN maRRilEn ).
PerukkAranai Swamy points out that the word "Unn " is used
by the Gopis in an endearing manner THREE times in this paasuram:
(1) UNRRANNAI piRavi perumtannai puNNiyam yAmm udayOm
(2) UNRANNODU uRavEl nammakku ozhikka ozhiyAthu
(3) anbinAl UNRRANNAI siRu pEr azhaithtanavum
The Gopis address the Lord as "KuRai OnRum illAtha GovindhA ! and
say " We are unsphisticated cowherdesses (aRiyAtha PiLLaikaLom ) with
the BhAgyam of having You born in our kulam ( UnraNNai piRavi perumtanai
puNNiyam yaamm udayOm). Out of affection , we have called you by inappropriate
names ( anbinAl unn tannai siRu per azhaitthanavum ). We addressed You as
NandhagOpan mahanE and other short names !Please do not be angry at us ( seeRi
aruLAthE)for that . Our relationship is indestructible ( unthannOdu uRavu
ozhikka ozhiyAthu). You are sEshi and we are sEshans.Even if we do not have
seshathva Jn~Anam , the sEshathvam will not disappear. Sarva Jeeva seshathvam is
incorporated in Your Pranavam . Therefore Oh SarvEswaran who has descended from
Sri Vaikuntam in the form of a human being to be with us and bless us !Please
grant us the nithya Kaimkarya purushArtham !".
The Lord's identity as "PrApya-PrApaka Sangrahan" (essence as means
and goal) was revealed succinctly in the First verse (NaarAyaNE namakkE paRai
tharuvAn) and that quintessential upadEsam is elaborated in detail in passurams
28 and 29 ( KaRavaikaL pinnsenRu and SiRRam siRukAlE vanthunnai
sevitthu).Bhagavath daasyam through Sva-Svaami (servant- Master) relationship is
pointed out here as the way for our liberation .
PBA Swamy's anubhavam
In the first Paadham ( karavaikaL pinn senRu ghAnam sErnthuNpOm ), the Gopis describe themselves as the ones, who seek their livelihood by tending to cattle in the forests and thus do NOT have sath-Kaarya Phalan.
In the second Paadham ( aRivonRumillA Aaikkulatthu), they reveal their
unfitness (apakarsha anusandhAnam) to pursue Bhakthi, Jn~Ana Yogams.We are
Tatthva-Hitha- PurushArtha Jn~Ana Soonyars."Jn~AnEna Heena : pasubhi:
In the Third Paadham ( piRavi peRumtanai puNNiyam yaam udayOm),they refer to
the extraordinary BhAgyam of having KrishNA born as sajAthIyan in their Kulam.
In the fourth Paadham , the Gopis address Him as "KuRaivonRumillatha
GovindhA ".They celebrate here the moola Sukrutham ( the fundamental ,
quintessential bhAgyam ) of Isvara GuNa Poorthy ( PrApya-Prapaka sangrahathvam
and GuNa Thungathvam ).
In the fifth Paadham ( UnRannOduravEl namakku inku ozhikka ozhiyAthu), the
Gopis celebrate the sambhandha Jn~Anam
In the sixth paadham ( aRiyAtha piLLaikaLOm anbinAl), the Gopis identify
themselves as the little country girls without awareness of lOka maryAdhai and
without Bhakthi or Jn~Anam .
In the Seventh Paadham ( UnraNNai siRu pEr azhaithtanavum sseRi aruLAthE),
the Gopis seek PoorvAparAdha KshAmanam ( forgivance for previous trespasses).
In the eighth paadham , the Gopis address te Lord as "IRaivA" and
request for Kaimakerya sampath (Nee ThArAi parai).Here UpAya apEkshai is made .
The anubhavam of Abhinava Desikan
Until the 27th slOkam , the VaishNava dinasaris up to the third stage (ijyA Kaalam ) were described. In this paasuram , the activities of a Sri VaishNavan for the fourth and the fifth stages of the day (SvAdhyAyam and Yogam) are referred to. During the SvAdhyAya Kaalam , one should approach BhaagavathAs ( who are like affectionate , milk giving Pasus) and study the Dhivya Sookthis with them.The PuNyam ( Punniyam YaamudayOm) refers to the state of wakefulness (Jaagaram) or Yogam to have dhruva smruthi about the Lord. " anbinAl siRu pEr azhaitthanavum seeRi aruLAthE" refers to AparAdha KshAmanam for deficencies in upachArams during AarAdhanam . "Nee ThArAi paRai" refers to the prayer to grant vigna-rahitha aarAdhanam and performance of pancha kaala prakriyAs of a Sri VaishNavan .
Soodikkoduttha NaacchiyAr ThiruvadigaLE Saranam ,
Sarvam KrushNArpanam asthu
RaamAnuja Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan